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From José Micó (JIRA) <>
Subject [jira] [Created] (APLO-206) Load balance of job queues
Date Sun, 20 May 2012 22:41:40 GMT
José Micó created APLO-206:

             Summary: Load balance of job queues
                 Key: APLO-206
             Project: ActiveMQ Apollo
          Issue Type: Improvement
            Reporter: José Micó

I wish to have load balanced job queues, like in ActiveMQ (copied and pasted):

"A queue implements load balancer semantics. A single message will be received by exactly
one consumer. If there are no consumers available at the time the message is sent it will
be kept until a consumer is available that can process the message. If a consumer receives
a message and does not acknowledge it before closing then the message will be redelivered
to another consumer. A queue can have many consumers with messages load balanced across the
available consumers."

For example, suppose that I send tree jobs (j1, j2, j3) to a queue with 2 consumers (c1,c2).
The first job takes 10 seconds to complete, jobs 2 and 3 takes only 1 second.
Consumers are using 'client' ack, with credit:1,0 in order to receive only one job at the
The desired behaviour of consumers is:

[ 21:30:00 ][ c1 ] Got job 1
[ 21:30:00 ][ c2 ] Got job 2
[ 21:30:01 ][ c2 ] Ack job 2, now idle
[ 21:30:01 ][ c2 ] Got job 3
[ 21:30:02 ][ c2 ] Ack job 3, now idle
[ 21:30:10 ][ c1 ] Ack job 1, now idle

But currently, Apollo does:

[ 21:30:00 ][ c1 ] Got job 1
[ 21:30:00 ][ c2 ] Got job 2
[ 21:30:01 ][ c2 ] Ack job 2, now idle   (!) c2 is idle but does not gets job 3 
[ 21:30:10 ][ c1 ] Ack job 1, now idle
[ 21:30:10 ][ c1 ] Got job 3
[ 21:30:14 ][ c1 ] Ack job 3, now idle

Seems that jobs are assigned in a round-robin fashion at the moment of being received by the
If in this example I send 9 jobs of 1 second (instead of 2), consumer #1 gets 5 and consumer
#2 gets the remaining 5, when the optimum would be to send the 9 fast jobs to consumer #2
while consumer #1 is processing the slow one. I know that using 'client' ack with credit:1,0
is suboptimal from broker perspective, but is the optimal way to balance jobs between workers.

Besides the underutilization of resources, the main problem is that if a consumer takes too
much time to process a job (say, due to a DB lock) it may block the processing of a bunch
of jobs already assigned to it.


BTW, impressive piece of work!!! I really impressed by the completeness of features, and how
well Apollo behaved when I overloaded it with stress tests :)

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