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From Dennis Sosnoski <>
Subject Re: Does Axis2 provide much better performance than Axis 1.X?
Date Tue, 17 Jun 2008 12:01:34 GMT
The performance advantage of Axis2 over Axis(1) is mostly because 
Axis(1) converts every message to DOM form. Axis2 instead handles most 
data by using some form of data binding, which converts to and from Java 
objects with much better performance than a DOM. In cases where the full 
DOM representation is used (such as when WS-Security is involved), Axis2 
uses AXIOM. I haven't actually tested this, but in these cases Axis2 
might actually be slower than Axis(1), because AXIOM is slower and 
bulkier than most DOM models (see for some 
performance results).

The importance of StAX is not that it's much faster than SAX, but that 
it allows the SOAP framework to hand off processing of the document data 
to the data binding framework. The linked article discusses this in more 

  - Dennis

Dennis M. Sosnoski
SOA and Web Services in Java
Axis2 Training and Consulting -
Seattle, WA +1-425-939-0576 - Wellington, NZ +64-4-298-6117

Venkat Reddy wrote:
> Not answering the original question, but want to share a similar
> question that I had in the beginning of Axis2 design - if the entire
> content of a SOAP message is meant for consumption at various phases
> by various components, the round-trip performance of message parsing
> by StAX shouldn't be higher than that of SAX parser, at least
> theoritically. After all, whether it is pull or push, I think every
> xml chunk in the SOAP message has to be consumed somewhere during the
> message processing.
> I'm also delighted by the performance of Axis2 (great job folks), and
> also like to know the reasons, probably not related to StAX parser.
> thanks
> Venkat
> On Mon, Jun 16, 2008 at 4:07 PM,  <> wrote:
>> Dear Keith,
>> Thanks for your reply.
>> We're aware that Axis2 is much faster than Axis1.X and we have conducted
>> similar tests as described in the articles.
>> Our question is, is the performance gain in Axis2 is due to the use of StAX
>> API? In my opinion StAX is not faster than SAX , so how come Axis2 is 5
>> times faster than Axis1.X? (We assumed the ADB binding part in Axis1.X
>> performs as well as Axis 2).
>> Best wishes,
>> Mai Sun
>> ________________________________
>> From: keith chapman []
>> Sent: 16 June 2008 11:48
>> To:
>> Subject: Re: Does Axis2 provide much better performance than Axis 1.X?
>> Hi,
>> Here are some results of performance testing We've done. You can go through
>> these articles to see the reality (Axis2 is FAST).
>> Thanks,
>> Keith.
>> On Mon, Jun 16, 2008 at 2:43 PM, <> wrote:
>>> Hi,
>>> Sorry for double posting…...
>>> I read somewhere that Axis2 provides better performance comparing to Axis
>>> 1.X due to the introduction of StAX XML parsing. Based some tests, I can see
>>> that for large XML document Axis2 is 5 to 10 times faster than Axis 1.X. I'm
>>> a bit confused here since Axis1.X uses SAX parser which should be at least
>>> as fast as StAX parser, so why the performance improvement is achieved?
>>> Thanks a lot!
>>> Regards,
>>> Mai Sun
>> --
>> Keith Chapman
>> Senior Software Engineer
>> WSO2 Inc.
>> Oxygenating the Web Service Platform.
>> blog:
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