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From "Shane Witbeck" <>
Subject Re: OSGi support round two
Date Thu, 08 May 2008 03:04:21 GMT
I'm just throwing this out there since I haven't seen it mentioned
yet. How about a common API which can be extended/implemented to
handle Maven, OSGI, and any other dependency mechanism? So in the main
buildfile you define something like = "maven"

or = "osgi"

which defines which model to follow. From there, I'm not sure how
involved it is to translate each to the common model. It seems if
Buildr is going to support more than one dependency management scheme,
it shouldn't stop with maven and OSGI. Instead make the common API
extensible to support current and future schemes.


On Wed, May 7, 2008 at 10:10 PM, Assaf Arkin <> wrote:
> I circulated a proposal on buildr-dev to make transitive dependencies and
>  version matching the focal point for Buildr 1.4.  Briefly it will allow you
>  to do something like this:
>   compile.with foo
>  Which will download, install and compile with foo, but also all of foo's
>  dependencies.  Or if foo is another project, bring all of that project's
>  dependencies with it.  It will help keep buildfiles smaller by only
>  specifying the top packages it's using, and let Buildr figure out the rest.
>  Version matching means that foo can specify the package name but no version
>  number, and Buildr will attempt to match the most recent version for that
>  package.  Or you can specify some constraints, like >= 1.2 or != 1.3.
>  Right now we provide support for using and publishing packages, and it's
>  loosely based on the Maven 2 repository model.  We got the basics working,
>  just no support for transitive dependencies (other than an experimental
>  transitive method) and version matching.  To that we can also add OSGi
>  support, which means putting OSGi meta-data inside the packages (in
>  MANIFEST.MF) and reading it from them, in addition or instead of POM
>  (depending on source and target).
>  The problem is, doing both Maven and OSGi, and transitive dependencies and
>  version matching.  They don't like to co-exist, because OSGi and Maven
>  handle dependencies and version numbers differently.  Without going into too
>  much details, I'll illustrate with a simple example.
>  Let's say you have three versions of the same JAR: 1.2.0-RC2, 1.2.0-2 and
>  1.2.0-10.  The way Maven works, if the dependency just specifies "1.2", then
>  the most recent version is 1.2.0-10 because 10 is higher than 2 and numbers
>  are higher than alphanumeric.
>  The way OSGi (and most other packaging mechanisms) work, the last part of
>  the version number (qualifier) is just a string.  Being a string, the most
>  recent version is RC2, next is 2, and 10 is the oldest.  Developers who use
>  OSGi never run into this problem because they package everything using
>  versions like 1.2.0, 1.2.0-B45 or 1.2.0-R20080506.
>  If we pick one model and support it natively, it will get all the cool
>  features and we'll do best effort on the other model.  Say we pick OSGi,
>  then we'll have a local repository that looks like an OSGi repository, we'll
>  use OSGi version numbers, and make Maven artifacts look like OSGi bundles.
>   In reverse, if we go with Maven, we keep the same local repository model,
>  etc
>  Some things I'm not sure we can even do, e.g. Maven snapshots mess with
>  OSGi, not sure we can support them if we do both, but OSGi has timestamped
>  version numbers that achieve the same thing.
>  So part two is which one of these two models we do natively for transitive
>  dependencies and version matching, and which one we fake to work like the
>  other?
>  Assaf


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