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From Andrew McConnell <>
Subject Re: [Logging] Internationalization enhancement proposal
Date Fri, 21 Feb 2003 17:18:08 GMT
On Fri, 2003-02-21 at 11:05, Costin Manolache wrote:
> Adding 24 methods and the requirement that the logger deals with
> internationalization doesn't seem right. The second part is worse - 
> each app uses different styles of ResourceBundles - and you mix 
> very different domains.

Well, I agree with you about all of the new methods being difficult.
Probably just adding 2 methods (a la Log4J's Logger.log7dl() methods)
would be sufficient.

I miss your point about different styles of ResourceBundles. Can you

I disagree with the notion that i18n has no place in logging
infrastructures for the following reason:

Despite the well-documented limitations of the JDK 1.4 API, Sun did
something very useful by exposing the raw log message ("before
localization and formatting") within the LogRecord, as well as all of
the parameters that are ultimately handed to the ResourceBundle. In my
particular case, I have system logs written in multiple languages (a
requirement from one of our strategic partners), but a support team that
only speaks one of them. So, in order to be able to review log files to
help diagnose problems, it seems reasonable for them to rely on the key
values, rather than German, French, or other transactions. This becomes
even more important for our automated systems, that may want to escalate
issues because some value in a log file exceeds a threshold. The
position of the value is probably not going to be in the same place in
different languages, but it can rely on the fact that it is in

I'm not saying that there aren't workarounds, but the java.util.logging
methodology suits my needs perfectly for this requirement - and then
promptly fails in others, and since jdk1.4 isn't open source.... ;-)

Also, since Log4J doesn't at this point expose the raw messages and
parameters either, this modification to commons-logging wouldn't totally
meet my overall needs anyhow, but I figured I'd start at the top and
work down.

> A much simpler solution - with no API change in Log - is to 
> use the fact that the message is an Object, and define conventions
> for what it should be for "internationalized" messages.
> For example, add a "I18NMessage" class that holds message and params - 
> and has a toString() method that returns something printable.

> Then add a second class that deals with I18N - I don't think the right
> place is logging ( again - this is a complex issue ), but some helper
> could be included in logging as long as it doesn't impose too many 
> restrictions on how the ResourceBundles are organized. 
> I know some people preffer to use message IDs (ints), some use XML files,
> and so on.
> Another alternative: create a separate interface ( in a i18n component )
> that uses Log for the actual display of the message. 
> Implementing 24 methods ( even if it is cut&paste ) doesn't seem like fun.
> Costin
> Andrew McConnell wrote:
> > I would like to propose that a number of methods be added to the Log
> > interface to meet the suggestion outlined in the commons-logging user
> > guide: "Perhaps more direct support for internationalizing log messages
> > can be introduced in a future or alternate version of the Log interface"
> > 
> > It seems to me that the JDK1.4 logging support for i18n is an excellent
> > model.
> > 
> > To implement, a single overloaded getInstance() method needs to be added
> > to LogFactory so that a resource bundle can be associated with a Log.
> > Several methods would need to be added to the Log interface to provide a
> > way to pass parameters to the resource bundle for rendering. For
> > example, for trace-level messages, add:
> > 
> > trace(Object message, Object param);
> > trace(Object message, Object[] params);
> > trace(Object message, Throwable t, Object param);
> > trace(Object message, Throwable t, Object[] params);
> > 
> > All levels would need analogous methods.
> > 
> > The implementation of these and existing methods should change slightly,
> > to first attempt to retrieve the log messages from a resource bundle (if
> > a bundle exists). If the key cannot be found, return Object.toString(),
> > otherwise use ResourceBundle.getString() to create the displayed
> > message.
> > 
> > While this adds numerous (24!) methods to the Log interface, the
> > development effort required to implement is limited due to the
> > intelligent structure of the Log impls already written, and having this
> > full set of methods may be the easiest for commons-logging users.
> > 
> > There is a slight performance penalty, due to having to add a check to
> > see if a resource bundle is set. Perhaps there is an alternate
> > implementation that can avoid this penalty altogether such as having the
> > LogFactory return a different implementation of the Log depending on if
> > a resource bundle is needed?
> > 
> > 
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Andrew McConnell <>
Socketware, Inc.

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