commons-dev mailing list archives

Site index · List index
Message view « Date » · « Thread »
Top « Date » · « Thread »
From "Phil Steitz (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (DBCP-44) [dbcp] Evictor thread in GenericObjectPool has potential for deadlock
Date Thu, 21 Dec 2006 00:41:22 GMT
    [ http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DBCP-44?page=comments#action_12460095 ] 
            
Phil Steitz commented on DBCP-44:
---------------------------------

After looking at the deadlock traces and analyzing the code some more, I think that the root
of the problem in this case is contention for the DriverManager.  The DriverManager methods
in the traces are static synchronized.  What is going on is that direct client calls to DriverManager.getConnection
immediately acquire the static lock on this class and then use PoolingDriver, which needs
to lock the pool.  The pool Timer locks the pool and tries to use the DriverManager to access
the the jdbc driver to create a new concrete connection, but can't acquire the static lock
on DriverManager.  The order of locks here is beyond control of dbcp.   So, unless and until
the Timer mechanism of pool is reworked somehow, I don't think this can be fixed.  

The workaround is to either disable the pool Timer or avoid using the DriverManager as a client
with PoolingDriver.

> [dbcp] Evictor thread in GenericObjectPool has potential for deadlock
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>                 Key: DBCP-44
>                 URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/DBCP-44
>             Project: Commons Dbcp
>          Issue Type: Bug
>    Affects Versions: 1.2.1
>         Environment: Operating System: All
> Platform: All
>            Reporter: Eric Layton
>             Fix For: 1.3
>
>         Attachments: deadlock.txt, deadlock_post_patch.txt, testConcurrency.java
>
>
> The GenericObjectPool Evictor thread can potentially cause a deadlock between
> its connection factory and java.sql.DriverManager.  The deadlock occurs when the
> Evictor thread is trying to make enough connections to bring the pool's idle
> connections up to what's specified in minIdle, at the same time a connection is
> being requested through DriverManager.getConnection().  See the attached stack
> trace dump:
> Found one Java-level deadlock:
> =============================
> "Thread-0":
>   waiting to lock monitor 0x0809a994 (object 0x698c2b48, a java.lang.Class),
>   which is held by "main"
> "main":
>   waiting to lock monitor 0x0809aad4 (object 0x65df7030, a
> org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolableConnectionFactory),
>   which is held by "Thread-0"
>  
> Java stack information for the threads listed above:
> ===================================================
> "Thread-0":
>         at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:158)
>         - waiting to lock <0x698c2b48> (a java.lang.Class)
>         at
> org.apache.commons.dbcp.DriverManagerConnectionFactory.createConnection(DriverManagerConnectionFactory.java:48)
>         at
> org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolableConnectionFactory.makeObject(PoolableConnectionFactory.java:290)
>         - locked <0x65df7030> (a org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolableConnectionFactory)
>         at
> org.apache.commons.pool.impl.GenericObjectPool.addObject(GenericObjectPool.java:996)
>         at
> org.apache.commons.pool.impl.GenericObjectPool.ensureMinIdle(GenericObjectPool.java:978)
>         at
> org.apache.commons.pool.impl.GenericObjectPool.access$000(GenericObjectPool.java:124)
>         at
> org.apache.commons.pool.impl.GenericObjectPool$Evictor.run(GenericObjectPool.java:1090)
>         at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:595)
> "main":
>         at
> org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolableConnectionFactory.makeObject(PoolableConnectionFactory.java:290)
>         - waiting to lock <0x65df7030> (a
> org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolableConnectionFactory)
>         at
> org.apache.commons.pool.impl.GenericObjectPool.borrowObject(GenericObjectPool.java:771)
>         at org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolingDriver.connect(PoolingDriver.java:175)
>         at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:525)
>         - locked <0x698c2b48> (a java.lang.Class)
>         at java.sql.DriverManager.getConnection(DriverManager.java:193)
>         - locked <0x698c2b48> (a java.lang.Class)
>         at Deadlock.main(Deadlock.java:83)
>  
> Found 1 deadlock.
> The deadlock occurs when GenericObjectPool.addObject() calls synchronized method
> PoolableConnectionFactory.makeObject(), meanwhile static synchronized
> DriverManager.getConnection() is called.  makeObject() waits for the lock on
> DriverManager to be released, whereas DriverManager waits for the lock on the
> PoolableConnectionFactory instance to be released.
> The Java program below, based on ManualPoolingDriverExample.java provided with
> DBCP, duplicates the deadlock for me within several seconds of being run:
> import java.sql.*;
> import org.apache.commons.pool.*;
> import org.apache.commons.pool.impl.*;
> import org.apache.commons.dbcp.*;
>  
> /**
>  * Duplicate DBCP pool deadlocking.
>  *
>  * Compile with:
>  * /usr/java/jdk1.5.0/bin/javac
>  * -classpath commons-collections.jar:commons-dbcp-1.2.1.jar:commons-pool-1.2.jar
>  * Deadlock.java
>  *
>  * Run with:
>  * /usr/java/jdk1.5.0/bin/java
>  * -classpath
> commons-collections.jar:commons-dbcp-1.2.1.jar:commons-pool-1.2.jar:ojdbc14.jar:xerces.jar:.
>  * Deadlock
>  *
>  * Locks still occur when compiled and run with J2SDK 1.4.1_03.
>  */
> public class Deadlock {
>  
>         private static final int ACTIVE = 10;
>  
>         private static void init() {
>                 System.out.println("Loading drivers");
>  
>                 try {
>                     Class.forName("oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver");
>                         Class.forName("org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolingDriver");
>                 } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
>                     e.printStackTrace();
>                 }
>  
>                 System.out.println("Setting up pool");
>  
>                 try {
>                         GenericObjectPool.Config config = new
> GenericObjectPool.Config();
>                         config.maxActive = ACTIVE;
>                         config.minIdle = 2; // Idle limits are low to allow more
> possibility of locking.
>                         config.maxIdle = 4; // Locking only occurs when there
> are 0 idle connections in the pool.
>                         config.maxWait = 5000L;
>                         config.testOnBorrow = true;
>                         config.testOnReturn = false;
>                         config.testWhileIdle = true;
>                                 // Locking still occurs whether these tests are
> performed or not.
>                         config.whenExhaustedAction =
> GenericObjectPool.WHEN_EXHAUSTED_BLOCK;
>                                 // Locking still occurs regardless of the
> exhausted action.
>                         config.timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis = 3000L; // The
> Evictor thread is involved in the lock, so run it quite often.
>                         config.minEvictableIdleTimeMillis = 6000L;
>                         config.numTestsPerEvictionRun = 3;
>  
>                         ObjectPool op = new GenericObjectPool(null, config);
>  
>                         ConnectionFactory cf = new
> DriverManagerConnectionFactory("jdbc:oracle:thin:@oracle8server:1521:sid",
> "username", "password");
>                         PoolableConnectionFactory pcf = new
> PoolableConnectionFactory(cf, op, null, "SELECT 1 FROM DUAL", false, true);
>                                 // Locking still occurs whether there is a
> validation query or not.
>  
>                         PoolingDriver pd =
> (PoolingDriver)DriverManager.getDriver("jdbc:apache:commons:dbcp:");
>                         pd.registerPool("PoolName", op);
>  
>                 } catch (SQLException e) {
>                     e.printStackTrace();
>                 }
>  
>                 System.out.println("Done");
>         }
>  
>  
>         public static void main(String[] args) {
>                 init();
>  
>                 Connection[] c = new Connection[ACTIVE];
>  
>                 try {
>                         printPoolStatus();
>  
>                         // Loop forever to create a high load.
>                         while (true) {
>                                 // Create a number of connections.
>                                 for (int i = 0; i < ACTIVE; ++i) {
>                                         c[i] =
> DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:apache:commons:dbcp:PoolName");
>                                         printPoolStatus();
>                                 }
>                                 // Then immmediately drop them.
>                                 for (int i = 0; i < ACTIVE; ++i) {
>                                         try {
>                                                 if (c[i] != null) {
>                                                         c[i].close();
>                                                         printPoolStatus();
>                                                         c[i] = null;
>                                                 }
>                                         } catch (SQLException e) {
>                                                 e.printStackTrace();
>                                         }
>                                 }
>                         }
>  
>                 } catch (SQLException e) {
>                         e.printStackTrace();
>  
>                 } finally {
>                         // Close down any open connetions.
>                         for (int i = 0; i < ACTIVE; ++i) {
>                                 try {
>                                         if (c[i] != null) c[i].close();
>                                 } catch (SQLException e) { }
>                         }
>  
>                         System.out.println("Closing pool");
>                         try {
>                                 PoolingDriver pd =
> (PoolingDriver)DriverManager.getDriver("jdbc:apache:commons:dbcp:");
>                                 pd.closePool("PoolName");
>                         } catch (SQLException e) {
>                                 e.printStackTrace();
>                         }
>                         System.out.println("Pool closed");
>                 }
>  
>         }
>  
>  
>         /**
>          * Display pool status.  Locks still occur even if this method is never
> called.
>          */
>         private static void printPoolStatus() throws SQLException {
>                 PoolingDriver pd =
> (PoolingDriver)DriverManager.getDriver("jdbc:apache:commons:dbcp:");
>                 ObjectPool op = pd.getConnectionPool("PoolName");
>  
>                 System.out.println("Active / idle: " + op.getNumActive() + " / "
> + op.getNumIdle());
>         }
>  
> }
> The patch I initially suggest is as follows (sorry for not providing a diff):
> In org.apache.commons.dbcp.PoolableConnectionFactory.java we have:
>     synchronized public Object makeObject() throws Exception {
>         Connection conn = _connFactory.createConnection();
>         if(null != _stmtPoolFactory) {
>             KeyedObjectPool stmtpool = _stmtPoolFactory.createPool();
>             conn = new PoolingConnection(conn,stmtpool);
>             stmtpool.setFactory((PoolingConnection)conn);
>         }
>         return new PoolableConnection(conn,_pool,_config);
>     }
> I suggest changing that to this:
>     public Object makeObject() throws Exception {
>         Connection conn = _connFactory.createConnection();
>         synchronized (this) {
>             if(null != _stmtPoolFactory) {
>                 KeyedObjectPool stmtpool = _stmtPoolFactory.createPool();
>                 conn = new PoolingConnection(conn,stmtpool);
>                 stmtpool.setFactory((PoolingConnection)conn);
>             }
>             return new PoolableConnection(conn,_pool,_config);
>         }
>     }
> Note the move of the synchronized block from the entire method to within the
> method after the connection (obtained ultimately by DriverManager) is retrieved.
> I'm afraid I don't know enough about DBCP and pooling to know the full
> ramification of this change and other calls to makeObject().

-- 
This message is automatically generated by JIRA.
-
If you think it was sent incorrectly contact one of the administrators: http://issues.apache.org/jira/secure/Administrators.jspa
-
For more information on JIRA, see: http://www.atlassian.com/software/jira

        

---------------------------------------------------------------------
To unsubscribe, e-mail: commons-dev-unsubscribe@jakarta.apache.org
For additional commands, e-mail: commons-dev-help@jakarta.apache.org


Mime
View raw message