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Subject [Commons Wiki] Update of "3377" by 3377
Date Fri, 02 Jul 2010 03:05:20 GMT
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 Have the power to place, have the responsibility. Responsibility is to power the twin objects
of power, of course the results and necessary complement. This is consistent with well-known
principle of authority and responsibility. Fayol that to implement the powers and responsibilities
consistent with the principle, it should be effective reward and punishment system, that is,
"should be encouraged to stop their beneficial actions contrary action." In fact, this is
now we speak of rights, responsibilities and interests the principle of combining.
3. Discipline principles
Fayol that discipline should include two aspects, namely business and the agreement between
subordinates and people's attitude to this Agreement and the agreement compliance. Fayol that
discipline is the key to the prosperity of an enterprise, no discipline, no business can prosper.
He believes that the development and maintenance of discipline of the most effective way:
① good leadership at all levels. ② as clearly as possible and fair agreement. ③ reasonable
implementation of the punishment. Because "discipline is created by the leaders. ... ... No
matter which social organization, its discipline, all depends on the moral status of their
4. The principle of unified command
Unity of command is an important management principles, in accordance with the requirements
of this principle, a lower-level officers can only accept a higher level of command. If the
two leaders at the same time the same person or the same thing to exercise their power, there
will be chaos. In any case, there would not be to adapt the dual command of social organization.
And the principle of unity of command was also under the principle that the principle of unified
5. The principle of unified leadership
The principle of unified leadership means: "strive to achieve the same purpose for all activities,
only one leader and a plan. ... ... As human society and the animal kingdom, a body with two
heads is a monster, it is difficult to live . "stresses the principle of unified leadership
is a subordinate only one direct superior. It is different with the principle of unity of
command, unity of command principle stresses that a subordinate can only accept a higher level
of instruction. These two principles are different but also contact. The principle of unified
leadership of the organization say that the problem set, that set the organization's time,
a subordinate can not have two immediate superiors. The principle of unity of command about
the organization set up after the operation, namely, when the organization established after
the process in operation, a lower level can not accept the two superior orders.
6. Personal interests to the overall interests of the principle of
For this principle, Fayol think it is clear some people are well aware of the principles,
but often "ignorant, greedy, selfish, lazy, and all human impulses are always people to forget
the overall interests of individual interests." In order to adhere to this principle, Fayol
that the successful approach is: "① leaders of firmness and good role models; ② fair agreement
entered into as far as possible; ③ careful monitoring."
7. Workers compensation principle
Fayol that, first of all remuneration "depends from employers and their staff will be affected
some of the circumstances, such as the cost of living level, the number of personnel can be
employed, the general business situation of the enterprise's economic status, then staff to
look at the last to see the return by way of. " Workers compensation first consideration is
to maintain the minimum living of workers and enterprises in the basic operating conditions,
determine the remuneration which is a basic starting point. On this basis, consider a contribution
under the employee's work to determine the appropriate compensation method. For a variety
of compensation methods, Fayol means that regardless of the reward, should be able to do the
following: ① it can ensure fair remuneration; ② It can reward good work and inspire enthusiasm;
③ it should not lead to more than reasonable limit excessive pay.
8. Focus on the principles of
Fayol refers to the organization of power centralization and decentralization issues. Fayol
that the issue of centralized or decentralized is a simple measure of the problem, the problem
is find the most appropriate to the enterprise. In small businesses, can be the leader higher
order transmitted directly to the lower staff, so the power is relatively more concentrated;
in large-scale enterprise, at the top among the leaders and the grassroots, there are many
intermediate links, and therefore, the power to more scattered. According to Fayol's view,
affect a business is concentrated or dispersed two factors: one is the leader in power; the
other is the leader of the junior officers to play a positive attitude. "If the leaders of
the talent, energy, wisdom, experience, understanding the speed ... ... allowed him to expand
the scope of activities, he can greatly enhance the focus, the role of his assistant's role
reduced to ordinary executor. On the contrary, if he is willing to preserve the overall leadership
of the privilege, on the one hand the experience of greater use of collaborators, comments
and suggestions, it can be implemented extensive decentralization. ... ... all the importance
of the role to improve the practice of men is scattered, reducing the importance of this role
approach is to concentrate. "
9. The principle of hierarchy
Hierarchy from the highest authority is the management of the leadership until the lower series.
The implementation of the principle of hierarchy in the organization is to establish a level
of uninterrupted chain, the level of chain shows two aspects: First, it shows the organization
of power relations between its various elements, through the hierarchy chain organization
members who can and who can be clearly under instruction, who should be on who is responsible.
Second, the rating list and clear organization of information transmission line, that is,
in a formal organization, the information is in accordance with the hierarchy of the organization
to pass. Implement the grading system, which facilitates organizations to strengthen the principle
of unified command, to ensure the smooth flow of the organization contact information. However,
if an organization strictly in accordance with the hierarchy of the communication of information,
communication may be because the line is too long to make the information contact for a long
time also easily lead to information distortion in the transmission process. [[
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