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From Daniel John Debrunner <...@apache.org>
Subject Re: "Syntax error" on some derby metadata calls
Date Thu, 22 Mar 2007 17:25:30 GMT
Bob Durie wrote:
> Hi,
> I’ve searched for this issue on jira with no luck, posting here in hopes 
> someone has seen it or knows where it might be coming from.
> What I’m seeing is that “sometimes” during a schema upgrade of our 
> database, the getImportedKeys or getPrimaryKeys methods of 
> EmbedDatabaseMetaData fail with syntax errors (see the stack trace 
> below).  If we rollback the transaction, try again, it is ALWAYS 
> successful, but may fail later on when we do a similar operation with 
> another table.  Hence, we have a workaround (try again), but it doesn’t 
> leave me feeling very confident.
> One thing to note is that the process in our application calls the 
> “connection.getMetaData” many many times, makes updates to the schema, 
> and calls it again many times on the same transaction.  While not 
> necessarily efficient, I’m reluctant to change it as I want to know the 
> source of the problem first.

I think it's a bug in Derby. The metadata queries use some internal SQL 
constructs and are compiled in "internal SQL" mode to allow these 
constructs. It looks like something is triggering a re-compile of the 
metadata statement at runtime and during this re-compile the internal 
SQL flag is not set.

I'm not sure what you could be doing that results in the recompile, one 
possibility is a rollback in a transaction that performed some DDL. 
Somthing like:
    begin tran
    execute meta data for first time

Derby at the moment is fairly liberal in its statement invalidation when 
a rollback happens in a transaction that performed DDL, assuming that 
this is a infrequent and non-performance critical event.


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