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From Oystein Grovlen - Sun Norway <Oystein.Grov...@Sun.COM>
Subject Re: why are table locks being made?
Date Thu, 10 Jan 2008 08:24:57 GMT
Some things to consider:

  * Isolation level is only relevant when locking for reads.  For
    insert/update/delete locking is needed for the duration of the
    transaction in order to guarantee the recoverability of the
    database.

  * If your table has a referential constraint to other tables, a
    delete may cause cascading deletes in referred tables. (Ref.
    http://db.apache.org/derby/docs/10.3/ref/rrefsqlj13590.html)

  * The optimizer may choose to use table locking instead of row
    locking, if it thinks that will be more efficient.  If a table scan
    is used, table locking will certainly be used.  If the table is
    very small, the optimizer my choose to use a table scan instead of
    an index look-up.  (E.g, If all records fit in one page, a table
    scan will only access one page, while an index lookup will access
    two pages.)  See
    http://db.apache.org/derby/docs/10.3/tuning/ctunoptimzoverride.html
    for advice on how to force a query to use index lookup.

Hope this clears up a few things.  Please, do not hesitate to ask more
questions if you are still not able to figure out how to solve your
problem.   Posting your DDL and the query plans will also make it
easier to pinpoint your problem.  (See
http://wiki.apache.org/db-derby/PerformanceDiagnosisTips for advice on
how to generate query plans).

--
Øystein

Geoff hendrey wrote:
 > I execute 10 DELETE operations. Each DELETE is executed from its own 
thread and deletes a different row from the same table. I get the same 
behavior with both the embedded and network driver, on derby 10.3.14.
 >
 >
 >
 > I am seeing deadlocks. Here is the deadlock dump:
 >
 > A lock could not be obtained due to a deadlock, cycle of locks and 
waiters is:
 >
 > Lock : TABLE, GEOFF__BLOG__USER_MESSAGES, Tablelock
 >
 >   Waiting XID : {7250, IX} , BLOG, DELETE FROM GEOFF__BLOG__USER 
WHERE "PK"=822
 >
 >   Granted XID : {7249, IX}
 >
 > Lock : TABLE, GEOFF__BLOG__USER, Tablelock
 >
 >   Waiting XID : {7249, X} , BLOG, DELETE FROM GEOFF__BLOG__USER WHERE 
"PK"=830
 >
 >   Granted XID : {7249, IX} , {7250, IX}
 >
 > . The selected victim is XID : 7250.
 >
 >
 >
 > My question is, why are TABLE locks being issued? Why are any locks 
at all being issued? I have set the transaction isolation level to 
READ_UNCOMMITTED. My JDBC transactions have autocommit false. I am not 
issuing a LOCK TABLE or anything else that should cause the Tablelock.
 >
 >
 >
 > Also, since I never execute any delete against 
"GEOFF__BLOG__USER_MESSAGES", I am confused as to why this table appears 
in the dump. You can see that the delete statements both delete a 
different row from GEOFF__BLOG__USER, *not* from 
GEOFF__BLOG__USER_MESSAGES. Is it possible that there is some bug that 
causes derby to get confused about the long table names, one of which 
starts with the other?
 >
 >
 >
 > Any suggestions?
 >
 >
 >


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