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From "John Cavanaugh (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Commented] (HADOOP-12990) lz4 incompatibility between OS and Hadoop
Date Tue, 03 May 2016 06:55:12 GMT

    [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-12990?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel&focusedCommentId=15268231#comment-15268231

John Cavanaugh commented on HADOOP-12990:

We have a lot of large json files we keep around as sort of a master archive.   Our internal
analysis on compression shows that lz4 completely dominates gzip/bzip2/snappy/lzo in size
and compression/decompression thruput.   In fact for a lot of our data (even other than json)
lz4 shreds the competition to the point now I tell most folks not to even bother with gzip
or bzip2 and just use lz4.

However this causes problems if we ingest things into hdfs or s3 (Databricks) since the lz4
command line tool is incompatible with the hadoop-lz4 implementation.   In order to keep compatibility
with existing files, would it be possible to update hadoop-lz4 to check if the signature is
for the lz4 frame and then use the newer implementation, but if not then to use the existing
legacy hadoop-lz4 format?

Our really experienced java guy that had previously done some apache mode just left or I would
have assigned him to produce a patch for this.   I think implementing this would be a big
benefit to folks in mixed environments...

> lz4 incompatibility between OS and Hadoop
> -----------------------------------------
>                 Key: HADOOP-12990
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/HADOOP-12990
>             Project: Hadoop Common
>          Issue Type: Bug
>          Components: io, native
>    Affects Versions: 2.6.0
>            Reporter: John Zhuge
>            Priority: Minor
> {{hdfs dfs -text}} hit exception when trying to view the compression file created by
Linux lz4 tool.
> The Hadoop version has HADOOP-11184 "update lz4 to r123", thus it is using LZ4 library
in release r123.
> Linux lz4 version:
> {code}
> $ /tmp/lz4 -h 2>&1 | head -1
> *** LZ4 Compression CLI 64-bits r123, by Yann Collet (Apr  1 2016) ***
> {code}
> Test steps:
> {code}
> $ cat 10rows.txt
> 001|c1|c2|c3|c4|c5|c6|c7|c8|c9
> 002|c1|c2|c3|c4|c5|c6|c7|c8|c9
> 003|c1|c2|c3|c4|c5|c6|c7|c8|c9
> 004|c1|c2|c3|c4|c5|c6|c7|c8|c9
> 005|c1|c2|c3|c4|c5|c6|c7|c8|c9
> 006|c1|c2|c3|c4|c5|c6|c7|c8|c9
> 007|c1|c2|c3|c4|c5|c6|c7|c8|c9
> 008|c1|c2|c3|c4|c5|c6|c7|c8|c9
> 009|c1|c2|c3|c4|c5|c6|c7|c8|c9
> 010|c1|c2|c3|c4|c5|c6|c7|c8|c9
> $ /tmp/lz4 10rows.txt 10rows.txt.r123.lz4
> Compressed 310 bytes into 105 bytes ==> 33.87%
> $ hdfs dfs -put 10rows.txt.r123.lz4 /tmp
> $ hdfs dfs -text /tmp/10rows.txt.r123.lz4
> 16/04/01 08:19:07 INFO compress.CodecPool: Got brand-new decompressor [.lz4]
> Exception in thread "main" java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space
>     at org.apache.hadoop.io.compress.BlockDecompressorStream.getCompressedData(BlockDecompressorStream.java:123)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.io.compress.BlockDecompressorStream.decompress(BlockDecompressorStream.java:98)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.io.compress.DecompressorStream.read(DecompressorStream.java:85)
>     at java.io.InputStream.read(InputStream.java:101)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils.copyBytes(IOUtils.java:85)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils.copyBytes(IOUtils.java:59)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.io.IOUtils.copyBytes(IOUtils.java:119)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.fs.shell.Display$Cat.printToStdout(Display.java:106)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.fs.shell.Display$Cat.processPath(Display.java:101)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.fs.shell.Command.processPaths(Command.java:317)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.fs.shell.Command.processPathArgument(Command.java:289)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.fs.shell.Command.processArgument(Command.java:271)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.fs.shell.Command.processArguments(Command.java:255)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.fs.shell.FsCommand.processRawArguments(FsCommand.java:118)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.fs.shell.Command.run(Command.java:165)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.fs.FsShell.run(FsShell.java:315)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.util.ToolRunner.run(ToolRunner.java:70)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.util.ToolRunner.run(ToolRunner.java:84)
>     at org.apache.hadoop.fs.FsShell.main(FsShell.java:372)
> {code}

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