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From "Trevor Lee" <>
Subject [users@httpd] Apache / JBoss configuration exceptions...
Date Wed, 06 Jun 2007 02:52:47 GMT

We've got an issue that hopefully you'll be able to shed some light on for

Our environment:
Apache: 2.0.46 build august 1 2006 09:25:45
Red Hat ES 3 update 4: linux 2.4.31-27.ELsmp #1
JBOSS: 4.0.1
Java: 1.4.2_06-b03

The situation we have is as follows:
We have a JBOSS application that listens on ports 18080 and 18443 (https).
This application normally sits behind an apache server that uses a reverse
proxy to forward 443 requests to the JBOSS application server listening on
port 18080. We are using a third party tool that load tests the web
application. We are placing the application under heavy volumes.

Scenario 1:
When the load test application is configured to mimic 5-10 simultaneous
users accessing the JBOSS application via the apache web server on port 443
(i.e. <https://server/blah/> etc) , we receive the occasional 502
Proxy error and a JBOSS exception from our application to do with
"FindByPrimaryKey with null passed in as an argument".

Scenario 2:
When the load test application is configured to mimic 50 simultaneous users
accessing the JBOSS application directly on port 18443 (bypassing apache
i.e. (i.e. https://server:18443/blah/ etc), we receive no exceptions
and there are no 502 errors.

>From the above, we suspect that apache could be somehow causing the 502
proxy error which may perhaps have led to the FindByPrimaryKey errors. If
you could have a quick look through the logs and in particular the apache
config file that would be fantastic.

Are we not setting something within Apache that's causing the 502s when the
web server is being bombarded with requests? Is the Apache timeout too low?
Do we need to set something else in Apache to cater for situations of excess

Below is our apache config file:
ServerTokens OS

ServerRoot "/etc/httpd"

PidFile run/
Timeout 300
KeepAlive Off
MaxKeepAliveRequests 100
KeepAliveTimeout 15

<IfModule prefork.c>
StartServers       8
MinSpareServers    5
MaxSpareServers   20
MaxClients       150
MaxRequestsPerChild  1000

<IfModule worker.c>
StartServers         2
MaxClients         150
MinSpareThreads     25
MaxSpareThreads     75
ThreadsPerChild     25
MaxRequestsPerChild  0



LoadModule access_module modules/
LoadModule auth_module modules/
LoadModule auth_anon_module modules/
LoadModule auth_dbm_module modules/
LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/
LoadModule include_module modules/
LoadModule log_config_module modules/
LoadModule env_module modules/
LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/
LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/
LoadModule expires_module modules/
LoadModule deflate_module modules/
LoadModule headers_module modules/
LoadModule usertrack_module modules/
LoadModule unique_id_module modules/
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/
LoadModule mime_module modules/
LoadModule dav_module modules/
LoadModule status_module modules/
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/
LoadModule asis_module modules/
LoadModule info_module modules/
LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/
LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/
LoadModule dir_module modules/
LoadModule imap_module modules/
LoadModule actions_module modules/
LoadModule speling_module modules/
LoadModule userdir_module modules/
LoadModule alias_module modules/
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/

LoadModule proxy_module modules/
LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/
LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/
LoadFile /usr/lib/

LoadModule cache_module modules/
LoadModule suexec_module modules/
LoadModule disk_cache_module modules/
LoadModule file_cache_module modules/
LoadModule mem_cache_module modules/

Include conf.d/*.conf

User apache
Group apache

ServerName rhino:80

UseCanonicalName Off

DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"

DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm

AccessFileName .htaccess

<Files ~ "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all

TypesConfig /etc/mime.types

DefaultType text/plain

<IfModule mod_mime_magic.c>
#   MIMEMagicFile /usr/share/magic.mime
    MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

HostnameLookups Off

ErrorLog logs/error_log

LogLevel warn

LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\""
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent

CustomLog logs/access_log combined

ServerSignature Off

AddIconByEncoding (CMP,/icons/compressed.gif) x-compress x-gzip

AddIconByType (TXT,/icons/text.gif) text/*
AddIconByType (IMG,/icons/image2.gif) image/*
AddIconByType (SND,/icons/sound2.gif) audio/*
AddIconByType (VID,/icons/movie.gif) video/*

AddIcon /icons/binary.gif .bin .exe
AddIcon /icons/binhex.gif .hqx
AddIcon /icons/tar.gif .tar
AddIcon /icons/world2.gif .wrl .wrl.gz .vrml .vrm .iv
AddIcon /icons/compressed.gif .Z .z .tgz .gz .zip
AddIcon /icons/a.gif .ps .ai .eps
AddIcon /icons/layout.gif .html .shtml .htm .pdf
AddIcon /icons/text.gif .txt
AddIcon /icons/c.gif .c
AddIcon /icons/p.gif .pl .py
AddIcon /icons/f.gif .for
AddIcon /icons/dvi.gif .dvi
AddIcon /icons/uuencoded.gif .uu
AddIcon /icons/script.gif .conf .sh .shar .csh .ksh .tcl
AddIcon /icons/tex.gif .tex
AddIcon /icons/bomb.gif core

AddIcon /icons/back.gif ..
AddIcon /icons/hand.right.gif README
AddIcon /icons/folder.gif ^^DIRECTORY^^
AddIcon /icons/blank.gif ^^BLANKICON^^

DefaultIcon /icons/unknown.gif

ReadmeName README.html
HeaderName HEADER.html

IndexIgnore .??* *~ *# HEADER* README* RCS CVS *,v *,t

AddEncoding x-compress Z
AddEncoding x-gzip gz tgz

AddLanguage da .dk
AddLanguage nl .nl
AddLanguage en .en
AddLanguage et .et
AddLanguage fr .fr
AddLanguage de .de
AddLanguage he .he
AddLanguage el .el
AddLanguage it .it
AddLanguage ja .ja
AddLanguage pl .po
AddLanguage ko .ko
AddLanguage pt .pt
AddLanguage nn .nn
AddLanguage no .no
AddLanguage pt-br .pt-br
AddLanguage ltz .ltz
AddLanguage ca .ca
AddLanguage es .es
AddLanguage sv .sv
AddLanguage cs .cz .cs
AddLanguage ru .ru
AddLanguage zh-CN .zh-cn
AddLanguage zh-TW .zh-tw
AddLanguage hr .hr

LanguagePriority en da nl et fr de el it ja ko no pl pt pt-br ltz ca es sv

ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback

AddDefaultCharset UTF-8

AddCharset ISO-8859-1  .iso8859-1  .latin1
AddCharset ISO-8859-2  .iso8859-2  .latin2 .cen
AddCharset ISO-8859-3  .iso8859-3  .latin3
AddCharset ISO-8859-4  .iso8859-4  .latin4
AddCharset ISO-8859-5  .iso8859-5  .latin5 .cyr .iso-ru
AddCharset ISO-8859-6  .iso8859-6  .latin6 .arb
AddCharset ISO-8859-7  .iso8859-7  .latin7 .grk
AddCharset ISO-8859-8  .iso8859-8  .latin8 .heb
AddCharset ISO-8859-9  .iso8859-9  .latin9 .trk
AddCharset ISO-2022-JP .iso2022-jp .jis
AddCharset ISO-2022-KR .iso2022-kr .kis
AddCharset ISO-2022-CN .iso2022-cn .cis
AddCharset Big5        .Big5       .big5
# For russian, more than one charset is used (depends on client, mostly):
AddCharset WINDOWS-1251 .cp-1251   .win-1251
AddCharset CP866       .cp866
AddCharset KOI8-r      .koi8-r .koi8-ru
AddCharset KOI8-ru     .koi8-uk .ua
AddCharset ISO-10646-UCS-2 .ucs2
AddCharset ISO-10646-UCS-4 .ucs4
AddCharset UTF-8       .utf8

AddCharset GB2312      .gb2312 .gb
AddCharset utf-7       .utf7
AddCharset utf-8       .utf8
AddCharset big5        .big5 .b5
AddCharset EUC-TW      .euc-tw
AddCharset EUC-JP      .euc-jp
AddCharset EUC-KR      .euc-kr
AddCharset shift_jis   .sjis

AddType application/x-tar .tgz

AddHandler imap-file map

AddHandler type-map var

AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml

Alias /error/ "/var/www/error/"

<IfModule mod_negotiation.c>
<IfModule mod_include.c>
    <Directory "/var/www/error">
        AllowOverride None
        Options IncludesNoExec
        AddOutputFilter Includes html
        AddHandler type-map var
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
        LanguagePriority en es de fr
        ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback

BrowserMatch "Mozilla/2" nokeepalive
BrowserMatch "MSIE 4\.0b2;" nokeepalive downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "RealPlayer 4\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "Java/1\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "JDK/1\.0" force-response-1.0

BrowserMatch "Microsoft Data Access Internet Publishing Provider"
BrowserMatch "^WebDrive" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^WebDAVFS/1.[012]" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^gnome-vfs" redirect-carefully

<VirtualHost *:443>
ServerName rhino
SSLEngine on
SSLCertificateFile /etc/httpd/conf/verisign/rhino.crt
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/httpd/conf/verisign/rhino.key
ProxyRequests Off
ProxyPreserveHost On
ProxyPass / http://localhost:18080/
ProxyPassReverse / http://localhost:18080/

Any assistance you can provide is, as always, much appreciated.

Kind Regards

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