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From "robert burrell donkin" <robertburrelldon...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: MIME canonicalisation
Date Sun, 05 Nov 2006 18:36:00 GMT
On 10/28/06, Stefano Bagnara <apache@bago.org> wrote:
> robert burrell donkin wrote:
> > On 10/24/06, Danny Angus <danny.angus@gmail.com> wrote:
> >> On 10/22/06, robert burrell donkin <robertburrelldonkin@gmail.com> wrote:
> >> > hi
> >> >
> >> > (as some will know) i've been working on an OpenPGP/MIME (RFC3156)
> >> > signing mailet. my reading of the specification leads me to believe
> >> > that i should canonicalise the content to be signed.
> >>
> >> Oh what a PITA!
> >> You can create a MimeMessage and get its bytes out in a stream, if
> >> thats what you need to do. You can do it for a "Part"
> >> (http://java.sun.com/products/javamail/javadocs/javax/mail/internet/MimeBodyPart.html#getContentStream())
> >>
> >>
> >> Perhaps that isn't what you're after?
> >
> > i start with a part. i could canonicalize just the signing stream
> > without canonicalizing the actual content part. this would produce a
> > signature that most OpenPGP/MIME readers would verify ok but the
> > specification implies that the part content itself should be
> > canonicalised as well. i'd much prefer to be specification compliant.
> >
> > i suppose that the canonicalized stream could be used to create a new
> > part containing the canonicalized content. what i don't really
> > understand is how i can ensure that the content-transport-encoding
> > used to send the message is correct (the spec says Quoted-Printable or
> > Base64 MIME only) or indeed if i can using javamail.
> >
> > - robert
> In Javamail if you change the content-transport-encoding for a part,
> call saveChanges and then you try to write that part to an outputstream
> it will be streamed with the correct encoding.
> part.setHeader("Content-Transfer-Encoding", "quoted-printable");
> you may want, for example, to read the content in 8bit first, to
> understand how much non 7bit chars are present: if less than 10-20% is
> binary use quoted-printable otherwise base64.

thanks to everyone for the help. that seems to be under control.

canonicalisation involves converting line endings to a standard
format. what worries me a little is that javamail uses inputstream's
and outputstream's which means encoding may be an issue. it would be
ok to use byte-wise comparisons for latin encodings but this may well
break when faced with multibyte encoding schemes (for example

have i missed anything?

but to use a reader, an charset encoding is required.

there doesn't seem to be any way to get this directly from the
javamail. have i missed anything?

if not then if the content-type contains a charset then i suppose that
this could be used. would this work?

in the absence of a charset in the content-type, what's the best approach?

- robert

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