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From "Aled Sage (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Created] (JCLOUDS-1203) aws-ec2 rate-limiting causes provisioning to fail: need longer back-off/retry
Date Wed, 23 Nov 2016 12:33:58 GMT
Aled Sage created JCLOUDS-1203:

             Summary: aws-ec2 rate-limiting causes provisioning to fail: need longer back-off/retry
                 Key: JCLOUDS-1203
                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/JCLOUDS-1203
             Project: jclouds
          Issue Type: Bug
    Affects Versions: 2.0.0, 1.9.2
            Reporter: Aled Sage

TL;DR: increase default retry/back-off to 500ms and 6 retries.

In Apache Brooklyn (which uses jclouds), we hit {{Request limit exceeded}} when provisioning
VMs in aws-ec2 [1]. We were provisioning multiple machines concurrently: different threads
were independently calling {{createNodesInGroup}}. The default exponential backoff and retry
within jclouds wasn't enough.

My understanding is that AWS will rate-limit based on the nature (as well as number) of API
calls. For example, if creating/modifying security groups is a more expensive operation (from
AWS's perspective) than a simple poll for a machine's state, then those requests would cause
rate-limiting sooner.

Within jclouds, the defaults are {{retryCountLimit = 5}} and {{delayStart = 50ms}} (see [2]).

This means we retry with the back-offs being (approximately) 50ms, 100ms, 200ms, 400ms and

We overrode the defaults to be 500ms and 6 retries, and could then successfully provision
20 VMs concurrently. Six of the 20 calls to {{RunInstances}} were rate-limited. It took several
retries before the request was accepted, having to back off for more than 4 seconds in some

At worst, the existing short back-off may make things worse (the overly aggressive retry might
cause other concurrent calls to also be rate-limited).

At best, the short back-off just isn't long enough so that particular VM provisioning fails.
For example, if AWS uses a leaky bucket algorithm [3] then hopefully some requests would keep
on getting through. But AWS don't publicise such details of their algorithm/implementation,
I believe.

[1] https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/BROOKLYN-394
[2] https://github.com/jclouds/jclouds/blob/rel/jclouds-2.0.0/core/src/main/java/org/jclouds/http/handlers/BackoffLimitedRetryHandler.java#L81-#L87
[3] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leaky_bucket

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