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From "Jamie G." <jamie.goody...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: git commit: [KARAF-2753] Logging for override mechanism. Added additional logging and unit test to trigger log events
Date Wed, 12 Feb 2014 20:02:45 GMT
Those updates are performed as a user console session command - one at a
time. An override file could contain many substitutions (bulk operation),
as such Karaf here is alerting the user to a change they may not realize
has happened.

Having a switch that may invoke a signed bundle installation only Karaf
could be interesting.

--jamie


On Wed, Feb 12, 2014 at 4:08 PM, Guillaume Nodet <gnodet@apache.org> wrote:

> 2014-02-12 17:35 GMT+01:00 Jamie G. <jamie.goodyear@gmail.com>:
>
> > Changing vendors to me would be something i'd like to be warned about. I
> > have Apache Camel installed, with XYZ under the hood - lets me know its a
> > franken-build. That being said, if i was going to fork and build my own
> > camel jar to fix a local issue, why would i then need to use the
> override,
> > i'd just deploy the library, refresh, and carry on (different work flows
> > for different folks - I do get that that's simplifying things - generally
> > we'd end up with a large list of bundles needing changing and the
> override
> > would simplify managing that recipe update).
> >
>
> It all depends on the workflow, the number of containers to modify, how
> often features are deployed or undeployed, wether the one installing
> features is the one that validates them, etc...
> At some point, manual intervention can be very painful.  So that's right,
> it's not the usual workflow we've supported so far, but it does not mean
> it's less secured   In all cases, things have to be tested and verified
> before put into production.
>
>
> >
> > Regardless, I'm open to amending how vendors are handled, if we want to
> > change the message or scrap it all together. Personally i think something
> > should be noted since things are changing (i'd like to know I'm going
> from
> > Land Rover parts to something made by Ford in my Range Rover).
> >
>
> Or it could be like changing the radio in your car .... ;-)
>
> What I don't get is why that would be the only place for such a check ?
> If we consider that changing the vendor of a bundle is risky, we need to
> put that check in bundle:update, file install, web console, etc...
> You know that you can update camel-core with asm4 by using bundle:update,
> right ?  We don't have any checks here, and that's much more risky than
> when you already ensured the symbolic names are the same and version
> expected to be compatible.
>
> If security is really an issue, even if not going as far as using signed
> bundles, one possible way would be to restrict bundle installation to
> trusted bundles.  By that, I mean adding a setting which would lead to only
> accept externally signed bundles (the *.asc file uploaded to maven repo)
> and verify them against a trusted key store.  I think this would be a good
> way to actually address the problem, if we think there's a problem.
>
> Guillaume
>
>
> >
> > As to a global on/off switch for the mechanism that would be a nice
> > addition.
> >
>
> Yeah, I can add that, though it's not as if this feature was triggered
> automatically, as you have to create this known file, so there's always a
> conscious decision made at some point.
>
> Guillaume
>
>
> >
> > --Jamie
> >
> >
> > On Wed, Feb 12, 2014 at 12:23 PM, Guillaume Nodet <gnodet@apache.org>
> > wrote:
> >
> > > I just think the check is worth nothing.   If someone build a
> customized
> > > version of a bundle (let's say camel), he will usually build by forking
> > > from camel, in which case the vendor would still be the same.  And if
> the
> > > user wants to make things cleaner and actually change the vendor to
> > reflect
> > > the fact that it does not come from Apache, then we throw at him a
> > WARNING
> > > log.
> > > Again, I don't think we should assume the user does not know what he
> > does,
> > > I'd rather add a global flag to disable overrides if you think it's
> > safer,
> > > but the file does not even exist by default, which means the user
> > actually
> > > know what he is doing...
> > >
> > >
> > > 2014-02-12 16:42 GMT+01:00 Jamie G. <jamie.goodyear@gmail.com>:
> > >
> > > > My interpretation is that a bundle is being updated by its
> maintainer,
> > > if a
> > > > different group is providing the replacement bundle then Karaf should
> > be
> > > > making some noise about it as its masquerading as being what was
> > > originally
> > > > intended by the feature provider. I'm up for different wordings
> > however.
> > > > What would you suggest?
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > On Wed, Feb 12, 2014 at 12:07 PM, Guillaume Nodet <gnodet@apache.org
> >
> > > > wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > Yes, I was going to add that I had no problems saying a bundle has
> > been
> > > > > overridden (though not sure if it has to be with a WARNING level).
> > > > > It's really the vendor check which I don't get and the log of
> > > "Malicious
> > > > > code possibly introduced by patch override, see log for details".
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > 2014-02-12 16:30 GMT+01:00 Achim Nierbeck <bcanhome@googlemail.com
> >:
> > > > >
> > > > > > Well, I hope you didn't get distracted by my comment.
> > > > > > Though as far as I can see the change only introduced some
> logging
> > > > > > to let the user know something changed due to adding another
> > feature,
> > > > > > I think this is a viable solution, especially when looking for
> > > failures
> > > > > > or unintended changes.
> > > > > > No?
> > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > > 2014-02-12 16:15 GMT+01:00 Guillaume Nodet <gnodet@apache.org>:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > > I'm tempted to -1 this change.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > What kind of problems are you trying to solve here ?
> > > > > > > Imho, such code is unnecessary because there are many other
> ways
> > to
> > > > > > > introduce so called "malicious" code.
> > > > > > > If one wants to be safe, there is already an existing way
to
> > solve
> > > > the
> > > > > > > problem which is signed bundles.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Now, an example on how to introduce "malicious" code :
if such
> a
> > > > bundle
> > > > > > is
> > > > > > > installed first, the features service will think the "correct"
> > > bundle
> > > > > is
> > > > > > > already installed and will not install the "safe" bundle.
 This
> > can
> > > > be
> > > > > > done
> > > > > > > by manually installing the bundle before installing features,
> or
> > by
> > > > > > adding
> > > > > > > it to the etc/startup.properties.
> > > > > > > Another option is just to hack the features file manually
and
> > > change
> > > > > the
> > > > > > > url of the bundle, it will have exactly the same effect.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > In addition, checking the vendor is not a guarantee, as
if
> > someone
> > > > > wanted
> > > > > > > to "fake" a bundle, setting that header is not more difficult
> > than
> > > > > > changing
> > > > > > > the symbolic name or version.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > I've had a use case where the user wanted to make sure
that no
> > > > > > "malicious"
> > > > > > > code is introduced or used.  In such a case, there is already
> an
> > > > > existing
> > > > > > > solution which is fully supported by OSGi (and Karaf) which
is
> > > signed
> > > > > > > bundles.  It works well and it's secured.  Well, secured
to the
> > > point
> > > > > > that
> > > > > > > you control the file system.  In all cases, if you don't
trust
> > the
> > > > file
> > > > > > > system, there's no possible way to secure the OSGi framework
> > (just
> > > > > > because
> > > > > > > classes are read from the file system).
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Last, there is no possible misuse of the overrides really.
 If
> > you
> > > > add
> > > > > > > random bundles, it will most of the case have no effects,
or at
> > > > least,
> > > > > > not
> > > > > > > more than if you had installed them manually before.  We
don't
> > add
> > > > any
> > > > > > > checks in the bundle:update command, so I don't really
see why
> > we'd
> > > > add
> > > > > > > those here.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > On a side note, I was wondering about starting a slightly
> broader
> > > > > > > discussion about patching, which is related to this particular
> > > > feature
> > > > > > and
> > > > > > > I hope to do so this week or the next.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > 2014-02-12 15:00 GMT+01:00 <jgoodyear@apache.org>:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Updated Branches:
> > > > > > > >   refs/heads/master d2af093dd -> 36808c560
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > [KARAF-2753] Logging for override mechanism. Added
additional
> > > > logging
> > > > > > and
> > > > > > > > unit test to trigger log events
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/karaf/repo
> > > > > > > > Commit:
> > > > http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/karaf/commit/36808c56
> > > > > > > > Tree:
> > http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/karaf/tree/36808c56
> > > > > > > > Diff:
> > http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/karaf/diff/36808c56
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > Branch: refs/heads/master
> > > > > > > > Commit: 36808c5607d3fc0de40861146775e10b7c248e59
> > > > > > > > Parents: d2af093
> > > > > > > > Author: jgoodyear <jgoodyear@apache.org>
> > > > > > > > Authored: Wed Feb 12 10:29:10 2014 -0330
> > > > > > > > Committer: jgoodyear <jgoodyear@apache.org>
> > > > > > > > Committed: Wed Feb 12 10:29:10 2014 -0330
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > >
> > ----------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > > > > >  .../karaf/features/internal/Overrides.java      |
25
> > ++++++++++-
> > > > > > > >  .../karaf/features/internal/OverridesTest.java  |
47
> > > > > > > ++++++++++++++++++++
> > > > > > > >  2 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > > > > > > >
> > > > >
> > ----------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/karaf/blob/36808c56/features/core/src/main/java/org/apache/karaf/features/internal/Overrides.java
> > > > > > > >
> > > > >
> > ----------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > > > > > diff --git
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> a/features/core/src/main/java/org/apache/karaf/features/internal/Overrides.java
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> b/features/core/src/main/java/org/apache/karaf/features/internal/Overrides.java
> > > > > > > > index 655dfea..8397222 100644
> > > > > > > > ---
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> a/features/core/src/main/java/org/apache/karaf/features/internal/Overrides.java
> > > > > > > > +++
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> b/features/core/src/main/java/org/apache/karaf/features/internal/Overrides.java
> > > > > > > > @@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ public class Overrides {
> > > > > > > >      private static final Logger LOGGER =
> > > > > > > > LoggerFactory.getLogger(Overrides.class);
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >      private static final String OVERRIDE_RANGE =
"range";
> > > > > > > > +    private static final String VENDOR_WARNING =
"Malicious
> > code
> > > > > > > possibly
> > > > > > > > introduced by patch override, see log for details";
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >      /**
> > > > > > > >       * Compute a list of bundles to install, taking
into
> > account
> > > > > > > > overrides.
> > > > > > > > @@ -86,6 +87,7 @@ public class Overrides {
> > > > > > > >                  if (manifest != null) {
> > > > > > > >                      String bsn =
> > > getBundleSymbolicName(manifest);
> > > > > > > >                      Version ver =
> getBundleVersion(manifest);
> > > > > > > > +                    String ven = getBundleVendor(manifest);
> > > > > > > >                      String url = info.getLocation();
> > > > > > > >                      for (Clause override : overrides)
{
> > > > > > > >                          Manifest overMan =
> > > > > > > > manifests.get(override.getName());
> > > > > > > > @@ -111,10 +113,26 @@ public class Overrides {
> > > > > > > >                              range =
> > > > > > VersionRange.parseVersionRange(vr);
> > > > > > > >                          }
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > +                        String vendor =
> > > getBundleVendor(overMan);
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > +                        // Before we do a replace,
lets
> check
> > if
> > > > > > vendors
> > > > > > > > change
> > > > > > > > +                        if (ven == null) {
> > > > > > > > +                             if (vendor != null)
{
> > > > > > > > +
> LOGGER.warn(VENDOR_WARNING);
> > > > > > > > +                             }
> > > > > > > > +                        } else {
> > > > > > > > +                             if (vendor == null)
{
> > > > > > > > +
> LOGGER.warn(VENDOR_WARNING);
> > > > > > > > +                             } else {
> > > > > > > > +                                  if (!vendor.equals(ven))
{
> > > > > > > > +
> > >  LOGGER.warn(VENDOR_WARNING);
> > > > > > > > +                                  }
> > > > > > > > +                             }
> > > > > > > > +                        }
> > > > > > > >                          // The resource matches,
so replace
> it
> > > > with
> > > > > > the
> > > > > > > > overridden resource
> > > > > > > >                          // if the override is actually
a
> newer
> > > > > version
> > > > > > > > than what we currently have
> > > > > > > >                          if (range.contains(ver) &&
> > > > > > ver.compareTo(oVer) <
> > > > > > > > 0) {
> > > > > > > > +                            LOGGER.info("Overriding
original
> > > > bundle
> > > > > "
> > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > url + " to " + override.getName());
> > > > > > > >                              ver = oVer;
> > > > > > > >                              url = override.getName();
> > > > > > > >                          }
> > > > > > > > @@ -178,6 +196,11 @@ public class Overrides {
> > > > > > > >          return bsn;
> > > > > > > >      }
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > +    private static String getBundleVendor(Manifest
> manifest) {
> > > > > > > > +        String ven =
> > > > > > > >
> manifest.getMainAttributes().getValue(Constants.BUNDLE_VENDOR);
> > > > > > > > +        return ven;
> > > > > > > > +    }
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > >      private static Manifest getManifest(String url)
throws
> > > > > > IOException {
> > > > > > > >          InputStream is = new URL(url).openStream();
> > > > > > > >          try {
> > > > > > > > @@ -205,4 +228,4 @@ public class Overrides {
> > > > > > > >          }
> > > > > > > >          return cs[0].getName();
> > > > > > > >      }
> > > > > > > > -}
> > > > > > > > \ No newline at end of file
> > > > > > > > +}
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/karaf/blob/36808c56/features/core/src/test/java/org/apache/karaf/features/internal/OverridesTest.java
> > > > > > > >
> > > > >
> > ----------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > > > > > diff --git
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> a/features/core/src/test/java/org/apache/karaf/features/internal/OverridesTest.java
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> b/features/core/src/test/java/org/apache/karaf/features/internal/OverridesTest.java
> > > > > > > > index 46d163a..79e2015 100644
> > > > > > > > ---
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> a/features/core/src/test/java/org/apache/karaf/features/internal/OverridesTest.java
> > > > > > > > +++
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
> b/features/core/src/test/java/org/apache/karaf/features/internal/OverridesTest.java
> > > > > > > > @@ -42,6 +42,9 @@ public class OverridesTest {
> > > > > > > >      private File b101;
> > > > > > > >      private File b102;
> > > > > > > >      private File b110;
> > > > > > > > +    private File c100;
> > > > > > > > +    private File c101;
> > > > > > > > +    private File c110;
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >      @Before
> > > > > > > >      public void setUp() throws IOException {
> > > > > > > > @@ -72,6 +75,50 @@ public class OverridesTest {
> > > > > > > >                  .set("Bundle-Version", "1.1.0")
> > > > > > > >                  .build(),
> > > > > > > >                  new FileOutputStream(b110));
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +        c100 = File.createTempFile("karafc", "-100.jar");
> > > > > > > > +        copy(TinyBundles.bundle()
> > > > > > > > +                .set("Bundle-SymbolicName", bsn)
> > > > > > > > +                .set("Bundle-Version", "1.0.0")
> > > > > > > > +                .set("Bundle-Vendor", "Apache")
> > > > > > > > +                .build(),
> > > > > > > > +                new FileOutputStream(c100));
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +        c101 = File.createTempFile("karafc", "-101.jar");
> > > > > > > > +        copy(TinyBundles.bundle()
> > > > > > > > +                .set("Bundle-SymbolicName", bsn)
> > > > > > > > +                .set("Bundle-Version", "1.0.1")
> > > > > > > > +                .set("Bundle-Vendor", "NotApache")
> > > > > > > > +                .build(),
> > > > > > > > +                new FileOutputStream(c101));
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +        c110 = File.createTempFile("karafc", "-110.jar");
> > > > > > > > +        copy(TinyBundles.bundle()
> > > > > > > > +                .set("Bundle-SymbolicName", bsn)
> > > > > > > > +                .set("Bundle-Version", "1.1.0")
> > > > > > > > +                .set("Bundle-Vendor", "NotApache")
> > > > > > > > +                .build(),
> > > > > > > > +                new FileOutputStream(c110));
> > > > > > > > +    }
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +    @Test
> > > > > > > > +    public void testDifferentVendors() throws IOException
{
> > > > > > > > +        File props = File.createTempFile("karaf",
> > "properties");
> > > > > > > > +        Writer w = new FileWriter(props);
> > > > > > > > +        w.write(c101.toURI().toString());
> > > > > > > > +        w.write("\n");
> > > > > > > > +        w.write(c110.toURI().toString());
> > > > > > > > +        w.write("\n");
> > > > > > > > +        w.close();
> > > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > > +        List<BundleInfo> res = Overrides.override(
> > > > > > > > +                Arrays.<BundleInfo>asList(new
> > > > > > > > Bundle(c100.toURI().toString())),
> > > > > > > > +                props.toURI().toString());
> > > > > > > > +        assertNotNull(res);
> > > > > > > > +        assertEquals(1, res.size());
> > > > > > > > +        BundleInfo out = res.get(0);
> > > > > > > > +        assertNotNull(out);
> > > > > > > > +        assertEquals(c101.toURI().toString(),
> > > out.getLocation());
> > > > > > > >      }
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >      @Test
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > > --
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Apache Karaf <http://karaf.apache.org/> Committer &
PMC
> > > > > > OPS4J Pax Web <http://wiki.ops4j.org/display/paxweb/Pax+Web/>
> > > > Committer
> > > > > &
> > > > > > Project Lead
> > > > > > OPS4J Pax for Vaadin <
> > > > http://team.ops4j.org/wiki/display/PAXVAADIN/Home>
> > > > > > Commiter & Project Lead
> > > > > > blog <http://notizblog.nierbeck.de/>
> > > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> > >
> >
>

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