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From Jean-Baptiste Onofré ...@nanthrax.net>
Subject [DISCUSSION] Karaf Boot
Date Wed, 09 Sep 2015 14:32:47 GMT
Hi all,

I worked on a prototype about Karaf Boot.

Let me give you some backgrounds and discuss about that all together.

  Why Karaf Boot ?
When you develop artifacts (bundles) to be deployed in Karaf, you can 
see that the actual time that you spend on your business code is finally 
largely less important that all the plumbing effort that you have to do 
(writing OSGi Activator, or blueprint/scr descriptor, etc).

It means that your "go to market" is longer, and we should provide 
something that allows you to focus on your code.

Even if SCR annotations is a very good step forward, some use cases are 
not so easy to do (JPA, JTA for instance).

And anyway, you have to prepare your pom.xml with different plugin and 

Moreover, when you have your artifacts, you have to prepare Karaf 
container, and deploy those artifacts there. Even if it's "container" 
approach is the most important for me, we can give even more flexibility 
by providing a way to embed and prepare Karaf in a ready to execute 

  What is Karaf Boot ?
Karaf Boot provides four components:
* karaf-boot-parent is the Maven parent pom that your project just 
inherit: that's all ! All plugins, dependencies, etc are described in 
this parent, you even don't have to define packaging as bundle, standard 
jar is fine.
* karaf-boot (coming with karaf-boot-parent) provides annotations that 
you use directly in your business code (like @Bean, @Service, 
@Reference, @Inject, etc): again, your focus on your code, karaf-boot 
deals with the plumbing.
* karaf-boot-maven-plugin (coming with karaf-boot-parent) scan the 
classes and generate a blueprint XML. For now, I'm using blueprint 
generation (because we can cover lot of use cases, for instance, I plan 
to provide @rest annotation that will generate blueprint XML with cxf 
jaxrs server, etc).
* karaf-boot-starter is the module providing a convenient way to embed, 
configure and bootstrap Karaf.

Just to illustrate this, let's take a look on the karaf-boot-sample-simple.

The pom.xml is really simple:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 





You can see, the only thing that the developer has to do: define 
karaf-boot-parent as parent pom. That's all.

Now, in the code, you have just one bean that we want to run:

package org.apache.karaf.boot.sample.simple;

import org.apache.karaf.boot.Bean;
import org.apache.karaf.boot.Init;

@Bean(id = "simple-bean")
public class SimpleBean {

     public void simple() {
         System.out.println("Hello world");


You can see the @Bean and @Init karaf-boot annotations. The 
karaf-boot-maven-plugin will generate the blueprint descriptor using this.

  Current Status
I pushed Karaf Boot structure there:


It's a mix of rewrapping of existing code (from aries, pax-exam, etc) 
and additions.

I created the annotations, I'm now working on the 
karaf-boot-maven-plugin based on Christian's work in aries (I'm actually 
scanning the boot annotations now, and generating the XML).

I will push new changes later today and tomorrow.

  Open Questions
* For now, I would prefer to be 'artifacts' and 'resources' generator: I 
think it's better than to depend to a feature running in Karaf, but it's 
open to discussion.
* I'm now generating blueprint. Probably native OSGi or scr generation 
can make sense.
* I'm generating bundles: thanks to the Karaf4 features resolver, as the 
bundles provide requirements/capabilities metadata, I think it's a good 
start. However, maybe it's worth to be able to create features, kar, 

Thoughts ?

Jean-Baptiste Onofré
Talend - http://www.talend.com

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