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From Ophir Adiv <>
Subject Migrating from Lucene 2.9.1 to Solr 1.4.0 - Performance issues under heavy load
Date Tue, 03 Aug 2010 18:28:43 GMT

I’m currently involved in a project of migrating from Lucene 2.9.1 to Solr

During stress testing, I encountered this performance problem:

While actual search times in our shards (which are now running Solr) have
not changed, the total time it takes for a query has increased dramatically.

During this performance test, we of course do not modify the indexes.

Our application is sending Solr select queries concurrently to the 8 shards,
using CommonsHttpSolrServer.

I added some timing debug messages, and found that, line 416 takes about 95% of the application’s
total search time:

int statusCode = _httpClient.executeMethod(method);

Just to clarify: looking at access logs of the Solr shards, TTLB for a query
might be around 5 ms. (on all shards), but httpClient.executeMethod() for
this query can be much higher – say, 50 ms.

On average, if under light load queries take 12 ms. on average, under heavy
load the take around 22 ms.

Another route we tried to pursue is add the “shards=shard1,shard2,…”
parameter to the query instead of doing this ourselves, but this doesn’t
seem to work due to an NPE caused by QueryComponent.returnFields(), line

if (returnScores && sdoc.score != null) {

where sdoc is null. I saw there is a null check on trunk, but since we’re
currently using Solr 1.4.0’s ready-made WAR file, I didn’t see an easy way
around this.

Note: we’re using a custom query component which extends QueryComponent, but
debugging this, I saw nothing wrong with the results at this point in the

Our previous code used HTTP in a different manner:

For each request, we created a new, and called its getInputStream()

Under the same load as the new application, the old application does not
encounter the delays mentioned above.

Our current code is initializing CommonsHttpSolrServer for each shard this

httpConnectionManager = new MultiThreadedHttpConnectionManager();




                                HttpClient httpClient = new HttpClient();

                                HttpClientParams params = new






and passing the new HttpClient to the Solr Server:

solrServer = new CommonsHttpSolrServer(coreUrl, httpClient);

We tried two different ways – one with a single
MultiThreadedHttpConnectionManager and HttpClient for all the SolrServer’s,
and the other with a new MultiThreadedHttpConnectionManager and HttpClient
for each SolrServer.

Both tries yielded similar performance results.

Also tried to give setMaxTotalConnections() a much higher connections number
(1,000,000) – didn’t have an effect.

Would love to hear what you think about this. TIA,


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