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From Sujit Pal <>
Subject Re: How to handle words that stem to stop words
Date Mon, 07 Jul 2014 21:53:59 GMT
Hi Arjen,

You could also mark a token as "keyword" so the stemmer passes it through
unchanged. For example, per the Javadocs for PorterStemFilter:

Note: This filter is aware of the KeywordAttribute
To prevent certain terms from being passed to the stemmer
be set to true in a previousTokenStream
Note: For including the original term as well as the stemmed version, see

Assuming your stemmer is also keyword attribute aware, you could build a
filter that reads a list of words (such as "vans") that should be protected
from stemming and marks them with the KeywordAttribute before sending to
the Porter stemmer and put it into your analysis chain.


On Mon, Jul 7, 2014 at 2:06 PM, Tri Cao <> wrote:

> I think emitting two tokens for "vans" is the right (potentially only) way
> to do it. You could
> also control the dictionary of terms that require this special treatment.
> Any reason makes you not happy with this approach?
> On Jul 06, 2014, at 11:48 AM, Arjen van der Meijden <
>> wrote:
> Hello list,
> We have a fairly large Lucene database for a 30+ million post forum.
> Users post and search for all kinds of things. To make sure users don't
> have to type exact matches, we combine a WordDelimiterFilter with a
> (Dutch) SnowballFilter.
> Unfortunately users sometimes find examples of words that get stemmed to
> a word that's basically a stop word. Or reversely, where a very common
> word is stemmed so that it becomes the same as a rare word.
> We do index stop words, so theoretically they could still find their
> result. But when a rare word is stemmed in such a way it yields a
> million hits, that makes it very unusable...
> One example is the Dutch word 'van' which is the equivalent of 'of' in
> English. A user tried to search for the shoe brand 'vans', which gets
> stemmed to 'van' and obviously gives useless results.
> I already noticed the 'KeywordRepeatFilter' to index/search both 'vans'
> and 'van' and the StemmerOverrideFilter to try and prevent these cases.
> Are there any other solutions for these kinds of problems?
> Best regards,
> Arjen van der Meijden
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