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From Yigal Rachman <yi...@uvic.ca>
Subject Re: How to deal with dynamically changing line terminators?
Date Mon, 13 Aug 2007 19:00:52 GMT
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Thank you - this is very helpful...<br>
- Yigal<br>
Adam Fisk wrote:
  <pre wrap="">Ahh -- I might just have an older version checked out, although I'm not
seeing anything newer in the repository.

Below is the whole class regardless.  The key is the isTerminator abstract
method.  A more efficient way might be to pass however many terminators you
want in a varargs constructor to avoid the abstract method call -- I think I
did that at one point.

Good luck.


public abstract class ConsumeToDynamicTerminatorDecodingState implements
DecodingState {

  private ByteBuffer buffer;

   * Creates a new instance.
  public ConsumeToDynamicTerminatorDecodingState() {

  public DecodingState decode(ByteBuffer in, ProtocolDecoderOutput out)
throws Exception {
    int beginPos = in.position();
    int terminatorPos = -1;
    int limit = in.limit();

    for (int i = beginPos; i &lt; limit; i ++) {
      byte b = in.get(i);
      if (isTerminator(b)) {
        terminatorPos = i;

    if (terminatorPos &gt;= 0) {
      ByteBuffer product;

      if (beginPos &lt; terminatorPos) {

        if (buffer == null) {
          product = in.slice();
        } else {
          product = buffer.flip();
          buffer = null;

      } else {
        // When input contained only terminator rather than actual data...
        if (buffer == null) {
          product = ByteBuffer.allocate(1);
        } else {
          product = buffer.flip();
          buffer = null;
      in.position(terminatorPos + 1);
      return finishDecode(product, out);
    } else {
      if (buffer == null) {
        buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(in.remaining());
      return this;

  protected abstract boolean isTerminator(byte b);

  protected abstract DecodingState finishDecode(ByteBuffer product,
ProtocolDecoderOutput out) throws Exception;

On 8/13/07, Yigal Rachman <a class="moz-txt-link-rfc2396E" href="mailto:yigal@uvic.ca">&lt;yigal@uvic.ca&gt;</a>
  <blockquote type="cite">
    <pre wrap=""> Hi, Adam:

Thank you for pointing me to AsyncWeb - really interesting stuff!  I found
ConsumeToCRLFDecoder and ConsumeToCharacterDecoder, but no
ConsumeToDynamicTerminatorDecodingState.  Any idea where I might find this?

BTW, I have already coded some of my driver using state machines, and am
100% sold on this way of doing things.  It is amazingly efficient for
managing i/o transactions of arbitrary duration because it does not keep
threads waiting.

- Yigal

Adam Fisk wrote:

I'd give the state machine in AsyncWeb a look, as well as some of the helper
classes.  The state machine approach takes awhile to wrap your head around
if you're not used to it, but it works well.  The
"ConsumeToDynamicTerminatorDecodingState" helper class will do exactly what
you want.  You would need to write a fair bit of custom state machine code
for your protocol going this route, but I think it's worth it.

<a class="moz-txt-link-freetext" href="http://docs.safehaus.org/display/ASYNCWEB/Home">http://docs.safehaus.org/display/ASYNCWEB/Home</a>


On 8/9/07, Yigal Rachman <a class="moz-txt-link-rfc2396E" href="mailto:yigal@uvic.ca">&lt;yigal@uvic.ca&gt;</a>
<a class="moz-txt-link-rfc2396E" href="mailto:yigal@uvic.ca">&lt;yigal@uvic.ca&gt;</a>

 Hi, Folks:

I have a MINA client that acts as a driver for a scientific instrument.
The communication is via a serial link using ASCII.  The messages from
the instrument are usually terminated with a line feed, but are
sometimes terminated with a "&gt;" instead (when it is prompting for

Could you please suggest a design pattern that would do this elegantly
in MINA?  I expect it will use the TextLineCodec and possibly some other
filters, but I am fuzzy on the details.

Best regards,
Yigal Rachman

DMAS Data Acquisition Developer
University of Victoria,
Victoria, BC, Canada
<a class="moz-txt-link-abbreviated" href="http://www.neptunecanada.ca">www.neptunecanada.ca</a>

  <pre wrap=""><!---->

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