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From "Stefan Groschupf (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Commented: (NUTCH-133) ParserFactory does not work as expected
Date Wed, 07 Dec 2005 18:09:10 GMT
    [ http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/NUTCH-133?page=comments#action_12359610 ] 

Stefan Groschupf commented on NUTCH-133:
----------------------------------------

Jerome: 
Since 3 months or so url extentions and also magic content type detection is never used. I
suggest to assign this patch asap since many people are working with the latest sources nightly
builds, we have a kind of responsibility - so we should focus on this issue today. 
I also suggest, we should make a maintenance release for the 0.7 asap,  since this problem
is also part of the latest release. The solution today took us 2 steps back, because the solution
used before first also used url extensions, secondly tried all parsers in the list and took
the one that was able to parse the content. Today we just use the content type returned by
the servers (this is many many times wrong) and we use just one parser. 
So today there is just no content type detection used at all. 
If you can improve and work on MimeTypes.java that would be great. I see many space for improvements.

For example in case just the char encoding is different than utf8  the mime type util detects
a html page as gzip application. 
I didn't change anything on your MimeType classes, so you can  straight forward improve it
and use it with my new ParserFactory.
So pleace focus on this  MimeTypes.java improvements! If you have a version, please put it
as patch to the jira so all developer can review it before you commit it to the svn. 


Chris: 
Thanks for taking the time to take a look. 
First, I only rewrote classes where it was absolutely necessary, also you will notice that
only rewritten classes has a new author (my IDE  sets the author name until create a new
File). Secondly only classes that were unused were removed. The code does exactly what you
guys had described, what a parserfactory should do and not just one part of  your concept
was changed, now it just works and may has less lines of  code. 

The REAL bug is that by today i'm able to parse less than 80 % of pages with my testset in
a intranet project with a wrong configured ISS we was not able to parse anything at all, so
don't mix things - this is a serious blocker bug! First we talk about that by today the parser
selction do not use any kind of detection mechanism and than we talk also about improvements.
Regarding your last comment, using a extension id in you parser configuation file instead
of a plugin id would give you the chance to have a order of parsers, also if the parsers ships
inside the same plugin, since extension ids are unique in one plugin and all plugins.

> ParserFactory does not work as expected
> ---------------------------------------
>
>          Key: NUTCH-133
>          URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/NUTCH-133
>      Project: Nutch
>         Type: Bug
>     Versions: 0.8-dev, 0.7.1, 0.7.2-dev
>     Reporter: Stefan Groschupf
>     Priority: Blocker
>  Attachments: ParserFactoryPatch_nutch.0.7_patch.txt, Parserutil_test_patch.txt
>
> Marcel Schnippe detect a set of problems until working with different content and parser
types, we worked together to identify the problem source.
> From our point of view this described problems could be the source for many other problems
daily described in the mailing lists.
> Find a conclusion of the problems below.
> Problem:
> Some servers returns mixed case but correct header keys like 'Content-type' or 'content-Length'
 in the http response header.
> That's why for example a get("Content-Type") fails and a page is detected as zip using
the magic content type detection mechanism. 
> Also we note that this a common reason why pdf parsing fails since Content-Length does
return the correct value. 
> Sample:
> returns "text/HTML" or "application/PDF" or Content-length
> or this url:
> http://www.lanka.info/dictionary/EnglishToSinhala.jsp
> Solution:
> First just write only lower case keys into the properties and later convert all keys
that are used to query the metadata to lower case as well.
> e.g.:
> HttpResponse.java, line 353:
> use lower cases here and for all keys used to query header properties (also content-length)
change:  String key = line.substring(0, colonIndex); to  String key = line.substring(0, colonIndex)
.toLowerCase();
> Problem:
> MimeTypes based discovery (magic and url based) is only done in case the content type
was not delivered by the web server, this happens not that often, mostly this was a problem
with mixed case keys in the header.
> see:
>  public Content toContent() {
>     String contentType = getHeader("Content-Type");
>     if (contentType == null) {
>       MimeType type = null;
>       if (MAGIC) {
>         type = MIME.getMimeType(orig, content);
>       } else {
>         type = MIME.getMimeType(orig);
>       }
>       if (type != null) {
>           contentType = type.getName();
>       } else {
>           contentType = "";
>       }
>     }
>     return new Content(orig, base, content, contentType, headers);
>   }
> Solution:
> Use the content-type information as it is from the webserver and move the content type
discovering from Protocol plugins to the Component where the parsing is done - to the ParseFactory.
> Than just create a list of parsers for the content type returned by the server and the
custom detected content type. In the end we can iterate over all parser until we got a successfully
parsed status.
> Problem:
> Content will be parsed also if the protocol reports a exception and has a non successful
status, in such a case the content is new byte[0] in any case.
> Solution:
> Fetcher.java, line 243.
> Change:   if (!Fetcher.this.parsing ) { .. to 
>  if (!Fetcher.this.parsing || !protocolStatus.isSuccess()) {
>        // TODO we may should not write out here emthy parse text and parse date, i suggest
give outputpage a parameter parsed true / false
>           outputPage(new FetcherOutput(fle, hash, protocolStatus),
>                 content, new ParseText(""),
>                 new ParseData(new ParseStatus(ParseStatus.NOTPARSED), "", new Outlink[0],
new Properties()));
>         return null;
>       }
> Problem:
> Actually the configuration of parser is done based on plugin id's, but one plugin can
have several extentions, so  normally a plugin can provide several parser, but this is no
limited just wrong values are used in the configuration process. 
> Solution:
> Change plugin id to  extension id in the parser configuration file and also change this
code in the parser factory to use extension id's everywhere.
> Problem:
> there is not a clear differentiation between content type and mime type. 
> I'm notice that some plugins call metaData.get("Content-Type) or content.getContentType();
> Actually in theory this can return different values, since the content type could be
detected by the MimesTypes util and is not the same as delivered in the http response header.
> As mentioned actually content type is only detected by the MimeTypes util in case the
header does not contains any content type informations or had problems with mixed case keys.
> Solution:
> Take the content type property out of the meta data and clearly restrict the access of
this meta data into the own getter method.
> Problem:
> Most protocol plugins  checking if content type is null only in this case the MimeTypes
util is used. Since my patch move the mime type detection to the parser factory - where from
my point of view - is the right place, it is now unneccary code we can remove from the protocol
plugins. I never found a case where no content type was returned just mixed case keys was
used. 
> Solution. 
> Remove this detection code, since it is now in the parser factory.
> I didn't change this since more code I  change, I guess there is a  less chance to get
the patch into the sources, I suggest we open a low priority issue and once we change the
plugins we can remove it.
> Problem:
> This is not a problem, but a 'code smells' (Martin Fowler) There are empty test methods
in TestMimeType
>   /** Test of <code>getExtensions</code> method. */
>     public void testGetExtensions() {
>     }
> Solution:
> Implement these tests or remove the test methods.

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