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From "Arun Patidar (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] [Assigned] (OFBIZ-6964) Support for replenishment of a secondary warehouse from a main warehouse
Date Sat, 23 Jun 2018 10:31:00 GMT

     [ https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/OFBIZ-6964?page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:all-tabpanel

Arun Patidar reassigned OFBIZ-6964:

    Assignee: Arun Patidar  (was: Pawan Verma)

> Support for replenishment of a secondary warehouse from a main warehouse
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: OFBIZ-6964
>                 URL: https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/OFBIZ-6964
>             Project: OFBiz
>          Issue Type: New Feature
>          Components: manufacturing, product
>            Reporter: Shrenik Bhura
>            Assignee: Arun Patidar
>            Priority: Major
>              Labels: features
>             Fix For: 17.12.01
>         Attachments: screenshot-1.png
> At the onset let me define a few terms clearly as I mean it in the story description
below :
> Requirement - A request generated for a particular product for a specific quantity that
needs to be purchased from a supplier for satisfying certain inventory needs of a particular
> Replenishment - A request generated for a particular product for a specific quantity
that needs to be transferred from a "backup facility" for satisfying certain inventory needs
of a particular facility.
> Fulfilment - The process of reserving, picking, packing and shipping the ordered quantity
of product(s) as per a sales order.
> Terms 'warehouse' and 'facility' have been used interchangeably.
> *The Use Case:*
> Consider a scenario wherein there is a website and a physical retail store of the same
> Each having its own facility i.e. 1:1 mapping.
> {{Store A (webstore) -> associated with facility 1 (webstore facility)}}
> {{Store B (retailstore) -> associated with facility 2 (retailstore facility)}}
> However, both the stores share the same catalog/products. But both have independent inventory
requirement and replenishment rules for the same product. 
> There is a Requirement Method Enum ID (RMEI) of each product which is applicable irrespective
of the store and supersedes the RMEI defined, if any, on a store. 
> A product's inventory thresholds (Minimum Stock, Reorder Quantity) are independently
managed via the facilities tab for the product. A product has its ATP and QOH levels on a
per facility basis. _Do note that all these inventory numbers are at a facility level and
has no bearing at a store level._
> Where the difficulty crops up with the current implementation is the way requirements
are generated. A product can have only one RMEI. When an order is placed from any store, then
based on the combination of a product's RMEI and the store mapped facility's inventory threshold,
requirements are generated. This is without consideration of the inventory status (surplus
or otherwise) at another facility of the same Company. If a store has multiple facilities
associated with it then the one defined in the ProductStore entity -> inventoryFacilityId
field would be considered for picking the inventory threshold values and thus for requirement
> Most typical real-world facility arrangements: 
> 	1. Usually an organisation would have a main facility/warehouse where all the purchases
are received and sub-facilities which are replenished from the main facility after QA, internal
processes, etc. OR 
> 	2. For each product there would be a primary facility where the product is received
from the supplier (to derive benefits of demographic convenience and consumption patterns)
and then replenished to other facilities on a demand based pull basis.
> To drive efficiencies across an organisation they need methods to consider open fulfilment
needs, in process purchase orders and inventory levels across multiple facilities and thereafter
propose inventory transfers across them to facilitate better stocking and thus order fulfilment.
> Coming back to our use case, the webstore warehouse is the main facility at which incoming
shipments from suppliers are received for the entire Company but sales order fulfilment happens
only for the webstore. The retail warehouse is primarily 're-stocked' via replenishment requests
raised upon the webstore warehouse and thus need not issue direct purchase orders to suppliers.
However, if the need be, requirement generated based on the product's RMEI and the retail
facility's inventory thresholds can also be approved, converted into Purchase order and issued.
> *Proposed Solution:*
> There doesn't seem to be an out of the box solution for this in OFBiz. This could work
if either we think of -
> Approach A: Setting RMEI at a ProductFacility level as well which shall supersede the
Product level RMEI setting OR 
> Approach B: Build in support for a solution that I have encountered in Opentaps (a system
built atop OFBiz) i.e. implement support for a new setting *Replenishment Method Enum ID (RPMEI)*
and the concept of *Backup Facility*.
> The obvious difficulty with Approach A could be the need to modify existing logic everywhere
RMEI is being used and _may_ be difficult to implement and validate (must confess that I have
not given this approach much more thought). On the contrary the Approach B seems a safer method
to add this feature with minimum possibility of breaking existing functionality.
> _Herein is the Approach B in detail-_
> Introduce a ProductFacility specific *Replenishment Method Enum ID (RPMEI)* with values
such as -
> **Code snippets are from Opentaps**
> {code:xml}
> <!-- Enumeration for ProductFacility replenishMethodEnumId -->
>     <EnumerationType enumTypeId="PFAC_REPL_METHOD" hasTable="N" description="Product
Facility Replenish Methods"/>
>     <Enumeration enumId="PF_RM_NEVER" description="Never transfer" enumTypeId="PFAC_REPL_METHOD"/>
>     <Enumeration enumId="PF_RM_BACKUP" description="Transfer from backup warehouse
if available" enumTypeId="PFAC_REPL_METHOD"/>
>     <Enumeration enumId="PF_RM_SPECIF" description="Transfer from specified warehouse
if available" enumTypeId="PFAC_REPL_METHOD"/>
>     <Enumeration enumId="PF_RM_BACKUP_ALW" description="Always transfer from backup
warehouse" enumTypeId="PFAC_REPL_METHOD"/>
>     <Enumeration enumId="PF_RM_SPECIF_ALW" description="Always transfer from specified
warehouse" enumTypeId="PFAC_REPL_METHOD"/>
> {code}
> and extend the entity ProductFacility -
> {code:xml}
> <extend-entity entity-name="ProductFacility">
> <field name="replenishMethodEnumId" type="id"/>
> <field name="replenishFromFacilityId" type="id-ne"/>
> <relation type="one" rel-entity-name="Facility" fk-name="PF_R_FAC" title="ResplenishFromFacility">
> <key-map field-name="facilityId"/>
> </relation>
> <relation title="ResplenishMethod" fk-name="PF_R_METH" rel-entity-name="Enumeration"
> <key-map field-name="replenishMethodEnumId" rel-field-name="enumId"/>
> </relation>
> </extend-entity>
> {code}
> Create new entities -
> {code:xml}
> <entity entity-name="FacilityAssoc" package-name="org.opentaps.common.facility"
> title="Define associations between facilities">
> <field name="facilityId" type="id-ne"/>
> <field name="facilityIdTo" type="id-ne"/>
> <field name="facilityAssocTypeId" type="id-ne"/>
> <field name="fromDate" type="date-time"/>
> <field name="thruDate" type="date-time"/>
> <field name="sequenceNum" type="numeric"/> 
> <prim-key field="facilityId"/>
> <prim-key field="facilityIdTo"/>
> <prim-key field="facilityAssocTypeId"/>
> <prim-key field="fromDate"/>
> <relation type="one" fk-name="FACASSOC_FAC" title="From" rel-entity-name="Facility">
> <key-map field-name="facilityId"/>
> </relation>
> <relation type="one" fk-name="FACASSOC_FACTO" title="To" rel-entity-name="Facility">
> <key-map field-name="facilityIdTo" rel-field-name="facilityId"/>
> </relation>
> <relation type="one" fk-name="FACASSOC_TYPE" rel-entity-name="FacilityAssocType">
> <key-map field-name="facilityAssocTypeId"/>
> </relation>
> </entity>
> <entity entity-name="FacilityAssocType" package-name="org.opentaps.common.facility"
> title="Define associations between facilities">
> <field name="facilityAssocTypeId" type="id-ne"/>
> <field name="description" type="description"/>
> <prim-key field="facilityAssocTypeId"/> 
> </entity>
> <FacilityAssocType facilityAssocTypeId="BACKUP_INVENTORY" description="Holds backup
> {code}
> Hence now we can define a replenishment method at a product level and that too on a per
facility basis.
> Additional now we can provision for defining of backup facility for any facility. (May
consider using the parentFacilityId available on the Facility entity but am not sure about
its purpose and there is no way to define the relation between the parent and child.)
> We have to safeguard these:
> 	1. There should be no direct or indirect cyclic backup facility relation between any
2 facilities due to backup facility relation definition. 
> 	2. There should be no direct or indirect cyclic replenishment facility relation created
due to defining of replenishFromFacilityId in a ProductFacility entry for a product.
> Now when an order is placed on the retail store and ATP falls below Minimum Stock at
the primary facility mapped to the retail store, then depending on the product's or store's
RMEI setting combined with the facility's inventory thresholds a purchase requirement may
be generated. However, we are not interested in this and may even block the generation of
such a purchase requirement for product's which have a RPMEI defined for a particular facility.

> Instead on a subsequent MRP run for the retailstore facility, based on the open sales
orders, we should generate/propose 'Inventory transfer requirement' from the _backup facility_
or the _replenishFromFacilityId_ depending on what's defined in the ProductFacility entity.
> This solution should hold good even in the case of many:many mapping between stores and
facilities as existing implementation is to reserve inventory against the facility that is
mapped to the store via inventoryFacilityId. Hence there is no chance of the same sales order
resulting in redundant requirements on multiple facilities. 
> And since the RPMEI (Replenishment Method Enum Id) is defined at the ProductFacility
level there is no possibility of a general setting of RPMEI at a facility or store level to
compete with.
> This seems to be a rather important feature without which many businesses operating brick
and mortar stores as well as an ecommerce web-front can't favourable use OFBiz.

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