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From fayw...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r794524 [2/3] - in /openjpa/trunk: openjpa-jdbc/src/main/java/org/apache/openjpa/jdbc/kernel/exps/ openjpa-persistence-jdbc/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/persistence/criteria/
Date Thu, 16 Jul 2009 04:57:16 GMT
Added: openjpa/trunk/openjpa-persistence-jdbc/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/persistence/criteria/TestJPQLSubquery.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/openjpa/trunk/openjpa-persistence-jdbc/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/persistence/criteria/TestJPQLSubquery.java?rev=794524&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- openjpa/trunk/openjpa-persistence-jdbc/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/persistence/criteria/TestJPQLSubquery.java (added)
+++ openjpa/trunk/openjpa-persistence-jdbc/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/persistence/criteria/TestJPQLSubquery.java Thu Jul 16 04:57:15 2009
@@ -0,0 +1,1572 @@
+/*
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
+ * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
+ * distributed with this work for additional information
+ * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
+ * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
+ * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
+ * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
+ * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
+ * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
+ * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
+ * specific language governing permissions and limitations
+ * under the License.    
+ */
+package org.apache.openjpa.persistence.criteria;
+
+import java.math.BigDecimal;
+import java.sql.Timestamp;
+import java.util.Date;
+import java.util.List;
+
+import javax.persistence.PersistenceException;
+import javax.persistence.Query;
+import javax.persistence.criteria.CriteriaQuery;
+import javax.persistence.criteria.Expression;
+import javax.persistence.criteria.Join;
+import javax.persistence.criteria.JoinType;
+import javax.persistence.criteria.ListJoin;
+import javax.persistence.criteria.Root;
+import javax.persistence.criteria.SetJoin;
+import javax.persistence.criteria.Subquery;
+
+import org.apache.openjpa.persistence.test.AllowFailure;
+
+
+/**
+ * Tests type-strict version of Criteria API.
+ * 
+ * Most of the tests build Criteria Query and then execute the query as well as
+ * a reference JPQL query supplied as a string. The test is validated by
+ * asserting that the resultant SQL queries for these two alternative form of
+ * executing a query are the same.
+ * 
+ * 
+ */
+public class TestJPQLSubquery extends CriteriaTest {
+    
+    public void testSubqueries1() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT goodCustomer FROM Customer goodCustomer WHERE "
+            + "goodCustomer.balanceOwed < (SELECT AVG(c.balanceOwed) "
+            + " FROM Customer c)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.accountNum, t2.id, t2.city, t2.country, t2.county, t2.state, "
+            + "t2.street, t3.userid, t3.DTYPE, t3.age, t3.compName, t3.creditRating, t3.name, t2.zipCode, "
+            + "t0.balanceOwed, t0.creditRating, t0.filledOrderCount, t0.firstName, t0.lastName, t0.name, t0.status "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t0 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t2 ON t0.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t3 ON t2.id = t3.ADD_ID "
+            + "WHERE (t0.balanceOwed < (SELECT AVG(t1.balanceOwed) FROM CR_CUST t1 ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> goodCustomer = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(goodCustomer);
+        Subquery<Double> sq = q.subquery(Double.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = sq.from(Customer.class);
+        q.where(cb.lt(goodCustomer.get(Customer_.balanceOwed), sq
+                .select(cb.avg(c.get(Customer_.balanceOwed)))));
+        
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries2() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT DISTINCT emp FROM Employee emp WHERE EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT spouseEmp FROM Employee spouseEmp WHERE spouseEmp ="
+            + " emp.spouse)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t1.empId, t1.EMP_TYPE, t2.id, t2.city, t2.country, t2.county, t2.state, "
+            + "t2.street, t3.userid, t3.DTYPE, t3.age, t3.compName, t3.creditRating, t3.name, t2.zipCode, t4.deptNo, "
+            + "t4.name, t5.id, t5.annualMiles, t5.name, t6.id, t7.deptNo, t7.name, t6.name, t6.salary, t1.name, "
+            + "t1.rating, t1.salary, t8.empId, t8.EMP_TYPE, t8.ADDRESS_ID, t8.DEPARTMENT_DEPTNO, "
+            + "t8.FREQUENTFLIERPLAN_ID, "
+            + "t8.MANAGER_ID, t8.name, t8.rating, t8.salary, t8.hireDate, t1.hireDate "
+            + "FROM CR_EMP t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t2 ON t1.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_DEPT t4 ON t1.DEPARTMENT_DEPTNO = t4.deptNo "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN FrequentFlierPlan t5 ON t1.FREQUENTFLIERPLAN_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_MGR t6 ON t1.MANAGER_ID = t6.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_EMP t8 ON t1.SPOUSE_EMPID = t8.empId "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t3 ON t2.id = t3.ADD_ID "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_DEPT t7 ON t6.DEPARTMENT_DEPTNO = t7.deptNo "
+            + "WHERE (EXISTS (SELECT t0.empId FROM CR_EMP t0 WHERE (t0.empId = t1.SPOUSE_EMPID) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Employee> q = cb.createQuery(Employee.class);
+        Root<Employee> emp = q.from(Employee.class);
+        q.select(emp).distinct(true);
+        Subquery<Employee> sq = q.subquery(Employee.class);
+        Root<Employee> spouseEmp = sq.from(Employee.class);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(spouseEmp, emp.get(Employee_.spouse)));
+        q.where(cb.exists(sq.select(spouseEmp)));
+        
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries3() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT emp FROM Employee emp WHERE emp.salary > ALL ("
+            + "SELECT m.salary FROM Manager m WHERE m.department = "
+            + "emp.department)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.empId, t0.EMP_TYPE, t2.id, t2.city, t2.country, t2.county, t2.state, "
+            + "t2.street, t3.userid, t3.DTYPE, t3.age, t3.compName, t3.creditRating, t3.name, t2.zipCode, t4.deptNo, "
+            + "t4.name, t5.id, t5.annualMiles, t5.name, t6.id, t7.deptNo, t7.name, t6.name, t6.salary, t0.name, "
+            + "t0.rating, t0.salary, t8.empId, t8.EMP_TYPE, t8.ADDRESS_ID, t8.DEPARTMENT_DEPTNO, "
+            + "t8.FREQUENTFLIERPLAN_ID, t8.MANAGER_ID, t8.name, t8.rating, t8.salary, t8.hireDate, t0.hireDate "
+            + "FROM CR_EMP t0 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t2 ON t0.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_DEPT t4 ON t0.DEPARTMENT_DEPTNO = t4.deptNo "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN FrequentFlierPlan t5 ON t0.FREQUENTFLIERPLAN_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_MGR t6 ON t0.MANAGER_ID = t6.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_EMP t8 ON t0.SPOUSE_EMPID = t8.empId "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t3 ON t2.id = t3.ADD_ID "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_DEPT t7 ON t6.DEPARTMENT_DEPTNO = t7.deptNo "
+            + "WHERE (t0.salary > ALL (SELECT t1.salary "
+            + "FROM CR_MGR t1 WHERE (t1.DEPARTMENT_DEPTNO = t0.DEPARTMENT_DEPTNO) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Employee> q = cb.createQuery(Employee.class);
+        Root<Employee> emp = q.from(Employee.class);
+        q.select(emp);
+        Subquery<BigDecimal> sq = q.subquery(BigDecimal.class);
+        Root<Manager> m = sq.from(Manager.class);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(m.get(Manager_.department), emp.get(Employee_.department)));
+        sq.select(m.get(Manager_.salary));
+        q.where(cb.gt(emp.get(Employee_.salary), cb.all(sq)));
+        
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries4() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT c FROM Customer c WHERE "
+            + "(SELECT COUNT(o) FROM c.orders o) > 10";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.accountNum, t3.id, t3.city, t3.country, t3.county, t3.state, "
+            + "t3.street, t4.userid, t4.DTYPE, t4.age, t4.compName, t4.creditRating, t4.name, t3.zipCode, " 
+            + "t0.balanceOwed, t0.creditRating, "
+            + "t0.filledOrderCount, t0.firstName, t0.lastName, t0.name, t0.status "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t0 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t3 ON t0.ADDRESS_ID = t3.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t4 ON t3.id = t4.ADD_ID "
+            + "WHERE ((SELECT COUNT(t2.id) FROM  CR_ODR t1, CR_ODR t2 WHERE (t1.id = t2.id) AND "
+            + "(t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID) ) > ?)";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c);
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Customer> csq = sq.correlate(c);
+        Join<Customer, Order> o = csq.join(Customer_.orders);
+        q.where(cb.gt(sq.select(cb.count(o)), 10));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries4a() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT c FROM Customer c WHERE "
+            + "(SELECT COUNT(o) FROM Customer c1 JOIN c1.orders o WHERE c = c1) > 10";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t2.id, t2.accountNum, t3.id, t3.city, t3.country, t3.county, t3.state, "
+            + "t3.street, t4.userid, t4.DTYPE, t4.age, t4.compName, t4.creditRating, t4.name, t3.zipCode, " 
+            + "t2.balanceOwed, t2.creditRating, t2.filledOrderCount, t2.firstName, t2.lastName, t2.name, t2.status "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t2 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t3 ON t2.ADDRESS_ID = t3.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t4 ON t3.id = t4.ADD_ID "
+            + "WHERE ((SELECT COUNT(t1.id) "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t0 INNER JOIN CR_ODR t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID WHERE (t2.id = t0.id) ) > ?)";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c);
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq.from(Customer.class);
+        Join<Customer, Order> o = c1.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(c, c1));
+        q.where(cb.gt(sq.select(cb.count(o)), 10));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }    
+
+    public void testSubqueries4b() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT c FROM Customer c WHERE "
+            + "(SELECT COUNT(o) FROM Customer c1 JOIN c1.orders o WHERE c.id = c1.id) > 10";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t2.id, t2.accountNum, t3.id, t3.city, t3.country, t3.county, t3.state, "
+            + "t3.street, t4.userid, t4.DTYPE, t4.age, t4.compName, t4.creditRating, t4.name, t3.zipCode, " 
+            + "t2.balanceOwed, t2.creditRating, t2.filledOrderCount, t2.firstName, t2.lastName, t2.name, t2.status "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t2 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t3 ON t2.ADDRESS_ID = t3.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t4 ON t3.id = t4.ADD_ID "
+            + "WHERE ((SELECT COUNT(t1.id) "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t0 INNER JOIN CR_ODR t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID WHERE (t2.id = t0.id) ) > ?)";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c);
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq.from(Customer.class);
+        Join<Customer, Order> o = c1.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(c.get(Customer_.id), c1.get(Customer_.id)));
+        q.where(cb.gt(sq.select(cb.count(o)), 10));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries4c() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT c FROM Customer c WHERE "
+            + "(SELECT COUNT(o) FROM Customer c1 JOIN c1.orders o) > 10";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t2.id, t2.accountNum, t3.id, t3.city, t3.country, t3.county, t3.state, "
+            + "t3.street, t4.userid, t4.DTYPE, t4.age, t4.compName, t4.creditRating, t4.name, t3.zipCode, "
+            + "t2.balanceOwed, t2.creditRating, t2.filledOrderCount, t2.firstName, t2.lastName, t2.name, t2.status "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t2 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t3 ON t2.ADDRESS_ID = t3.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t4 ON t3.id = t4.ADD_ID "
+            + "WHERE ((SELECT COUNT(t1.id) FROM CR_CUST t0 INNER JOIN CR_ODR t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID ) > ?)";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c);
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq.from(Customer.class);
+        Join<Customer, Order> o = c1.join(Customer_.orders);
+        q.where(cb.gt(sq.select(cb.count(o)), 10));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries4d() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT c FROM Customer c WHERE (SELECT COUNT(o) "
+            + "FROM Customer c1 JOIN c1.orders o WHERE c.address.county = c1.address.county) > 10";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t2.id, t2.accountNum, t5.id, t5.city, t5.country, t5.county, "
+            + "t5.state, t5.street, t6.userid, t6.DTYPE, t6.age, t6.compName, t6.creditRating, t6.name, "
+            + "t5.zipCode, t2.balanceOwed, t2.creditRating, t2.filledOrderCount, t2.firstName, t2.lastName, "
+            + "t2.name, t2.status "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t2 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_ADDR t3 ON t2.ADDRESS_ID = t3.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t5 ON t2.ADDRESS_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t6 ON t5.id = t6.ADD_ID "
+            + "WHERE ((SELECT COUNT(t1.id) "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t0 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_ODR t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_ADDR t4 ON t0.ADDRESS_ID = t4.id "
+            + "WHERE (t3.county = t4.county) ) > ?)";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+        
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c);
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq.from(Customer.class);
+        Join<Customer, Order> o = c1.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(c.get(Customer_.address).get(Address_.county), 
+            c1.get(Customer_.address).get(Address_.county)));
+        q.where(cb.gt(sq.select(cb.count(o)), 10));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries4e() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT c FROM Customer c WHERE EXISTS "
+            + "(SELECT o.id FROM Order o WHERE o.customer = c)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t1.id, t1.accountNum, t2.id, t2.city, t2.country, t2.county, t2.state, " + 
+        "t2.street, t3.userid, t3.DTYPE, t3.age, t3.compName, t3.creditRating, t3.name, t2.zipCode, t1.balanceOwed, " + 
+        "t1.creditRating, t1.filledOrderCount, t1.firstName, t1.lastName, t1.name, t1.status " + 
+        "FROM CR_CUST t1 " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t2 ON t1.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t3 ON t2.id = t3.ADD_ID WHERE " + 
+        "(EXISTS (SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 WHERE (t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+        
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c);
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.customer), c));
+        sq.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+        q.where(cb.exists(sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries5() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o WHERE 10000 < ALL ("
+            + "SELECT a.balance FROM o.customer c JOIN c.accounts a)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t3.id, t3.count, t4.id, t4.accountNum, t5.id, t5.city, t5.country, t5.county, "
+            + "t5.state, t5.street, t6.userid, t6.DTYPE, t6.age, t6.compName, t6.creditRating, t6.name, t5.zipCode, "
+            + "t4.balanceOwed, t4.creditRating, t4.filledOrderCount, t4.firstName, t4.lastName, t4.name, t4.status, "
+            + "t3.delivered, t3.name, t3.orderTs, t3.quantity, t3.totalCost " 
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t3 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t4 ON t3.CUSTOMER_ID = t4.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t5 ON t4.ADDRESS_ID = t5.id " 
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t6 ON t5.id = t6.ADD_ID " 
+            + "WHERE (? < ALL (SELECT t2.balance FROM CR_CUST t0 INNER JOIN CR_CUST_CR_ACCT t1 ON "
+            + "t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID INNER JOIN CR_ACCT t2 ON t1.ACCOUNTS_ID = t2.id " 
+            + "WHERE (t3.CUSTOMER_ID = t0.id) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o);
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o1 = sq.correlate(o);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c = o1.join(Order_.customer);
+        ListJoin<Customer,Account> a = c.join(Customer_.accounts);
+        sq.select(a.get(Account_.balance));
+        q.where(cb.lt(cb.literal(10000), cb.all(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries5a() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o WHERE o.name = SOME ("
+            + "SELECT a.name FROM o.customer c JOIN c.accounts a)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t3.id, t3.count, t4.id, t4.accountNum, t5.id, t5.city, t5.country, t5.county, "
+            + "t5.state, t5.street, t6.userid, t6.DTYPE, t6.age, t6.compName, t6.creditRating, t6.name, t5.zipCode, "
+            + "t4.balanceOwed, t4.creditRating, t4.filledOrderCount, t4.firstName, t4.lastName, t4.name, t4.status, "
+            + "t3.delivered, t3.name, t3.orderTs, t3.quantity, t3.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t3 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t4 ON t3.CUSTOMER_ID = t4.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t5 ON t4.ADDRESS_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t6 ON t5.id = t6.ADD_ID "
+            + "WHERE (t3.name = ANY (SELECT t2.name "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t0 INNER JOIN CR_CUST_CR_ACCT t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_ACCT t2 ON t1.ACCOUNTS_ID = t2.id WHERE (t3.CUSTOMER_ID = t0.id) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o);
+        Subquery<String> sq = q.subquery(String.class);
+        Root<Order> o1 = sq.correlate(o);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c = o1.join(Order_.customer);
+        ListJoin<Customer,Account> a = c.join(Customer_.accounts);
+        sq.select(a.get(Account_.name));
+        q.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.name), cb.some(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries6() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o JOIN o.customer c WHERE 10000 < "
+            + "ALL (SELECT a.balance FROM c.accounts a)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t4.id, t4.accountNum, t5.id, t5.city, t5.country, t5.county, "
+            + "t5.state, t5.street, t6.userid, t6.DTYPE, t6.age, t6.compName, t6.creditRating, t6.name, t5.zipCode, "
+            + "t4.balanceOwed, t4.creditRating, t4.filledOrderCount, t4.firstName, t4.lastName, t4.name, t4.status, "
+            + "t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, t0.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t0 INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t4 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t4.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t5 ON t4.ADDRESS_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t6 ON t5.id = t6.ADD_ID WHERE (? < ALL ("
+            + "SELECT t3.balance FROM  CR_CUST_CR_ACCT t2, CR_ACCT t3 WHERE (t2.ACCOUNTS_ID = t3.id) AND "
+            + "(t1.id = t2.CUSTOMER_ID) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+        
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c = o.join(Order_.customer);
+        q.select(o);
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c1 = sq.correlate(c);
+        ListJoin<Customer,Account> a = c1.join(Customer_.accounts);
+        sq.select(a.get(Account_.balance));
+        q.where(cb.lt(cb.literal(10000), cb.all(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries6a() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o JOIN o.customer c WHERE o.name = "
+            + "SOME (SELECT a.name FROM c.accounts a)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t4.id, t4.accountNum, t5.id, t5.city, t5.country, t5.county, "
+            + "t5.state, t5.street, t6.userid, t6.DTYPE, t6.age, t6.compName, t6.creditRating, t6.name, t5.zipCode, "
+            + "t4.balanceOwed, t4.creditRating, t4.filledOrderCount, t4.firstName, t4.lastName, t4.name, t4.status, "
+            + "t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, t0.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t0 INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t4 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t4.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t5 ON t4.ADDRESS_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t6 ON t5.id = t6.ADD_ID WHERE (t0.name = ANY ("
+            + "SELECT t3.name FROM  CR_CUST_CR_ACCT t2, CR_ACCT t3 WHERE (t2.ACCOUNTS_ID = t3.id) "
+            + "AND (t1.id = t2.CUSTOMER_ID) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c = o.join(Order_.customer);
+        q.select(o);
+        Subquery<String> sq = q.subquery(String.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c1 = sq.correlate(c);
+        ListJoin<Customer,Account> a = c1.join(Customer_.accounts);
+        sq.select(a.get(Account_.name));
+        q.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.name), cb.some(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries6b() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o JOIN o.customer c WHERE o.name = "
+            + "SOME (SELECT a.county FROM c.address a)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t3.id, t3.accountNum, t4.id, t4.city, t4.country, t4.county, "
+            + "t4.state, t4.street, t5.userid, t5.DTYPE, t5.age, t5.compName, t5.creditRating, t5.name, t4.zipCode, "
+            + "t3.balanceOwed, t3.creditRating, t3.filledOrderCount, t3.firstName, t3.lastName, t3.name, t3.status, "
+            + "t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, t0.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t0 INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t3 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t3.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t4 ON t3.ADDRESS_ID = t4.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t5 ON t4.id = t5.ADD_ID WHERE (t0.name = ANY "
+            + "(SELECT t2.county FROM CR_ADDR t2 WHERE (t1.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id) ))";
+        
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+        
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c = o.join(Order_.customer);
+        q.select(o);
+        Subquery<String> sq = q.subquery(String.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c1 = sq.correlate(c);
+        Join<Customer,Address> a = c1.join(Customer_.address);
+        sq.select(a.get(Address_.county));
+        q.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.name), cb.some(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries6c() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o JOIN o.customer c WHERE 10000 < "
+            + "ALL (SELECT u.age FROM c.address a JOIN a.user u)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t4.id, t4.accountNum, t5.id, t5.city, t5.country, t5.county, "
+            + "t5.state, t5.street, t6.userid, t6.DTYPE, t6.age, t6.compName, t6.creditRating, t6.name, t5.zipCode, "
+            + "t4.balanceOwed, t4.creditRating, t4.filledOrderCount, t4.firstName, t4.lastName, t4.name, t4.status, "
+            + "t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, t0.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t0 INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t4 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t4.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t5 ON t4.ADDRESS_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t6 ON t5.id = t6.ADD_ID WHERE (? < ALL ("
+            + "SELECT t3.age FROM CR_ADDR t2 INNER JOIN CompUser t3 ON t2.id = t3.ADD_ID "
+            + "WHERE (t1.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c = o.join(Order_.customer);
+        q.select(o);
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c1 = sq.correlate(c);
+        Join<Customer,Address> a = c1.join(Customer_.address);
+        Join<Address, CompUser> u = a.join(Address_.user);
+        sq.select(u.get(CompUser_.age));
+        q.where(cb.lt(cb.literal(10000), cb.all(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries6d() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o JOIN o.customer c JOIN c.address a WHERE 10000 < "
+            + "ALL (SELECT u.age FROM c.address a1 JOIN a1.user u WHERE a.city = a1.city)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t2.id, t2.count, t5.id, t5.accountNum, t6.id, t6.city, t6.country, t6.county, "
+            + "t6.state, t6.street, t7.userid, t7.DTYPE, t7.age, t7.compName, t7.creditRating, t7.name, t6.zipCode, "
+            + "t5.balanceOwed, t5.creditRating, t5.filledOrderCount, t5.firstName, t5.lastName, t5.name, t5.status, "
+            + "t2.delivered, t2.name, t2.orderTs, t2.quantity, t2.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t2 INNER JOIN CR_CUST t3 ON t2.CUSTOMER_ID = t3.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t5 ON t2.CUSTOMER_ID = t5.id "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_ADDR t4 ON t3.ADDRESS_ID = t4.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t6 ON t5.ADDRESS_ID = t6.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t7 ON t6.id = t7.ADD_ID WHERE (? < ALL ("
+            + "SELECT t1.age FROM CR_ADDR t0 INNER JOIN CompUser t1 ON t0.id = t1.ADD_ID WHERE (t4.city = t0.city AND "
+            + "t3.ADDRESS_ID = t0.id) ) AND 1 = 1)";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c = o.join(Order_.customer);
+        Join<Customer,Address> a = c.join(Customer_.address);
+        q.select(o);
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c1 = sq.correlate(c);
+        Join<Customer,Address> a1 = c1.join(Customer_.address);
+        Join<Address, CompUser> u = a1.join(Address_.user);
+        sq.select(u.get(CompUser_.age));
+        sq.where(cb.equal(a.get(Address_.city), a1.get(Address_.city)));
+        q.where(cb.lt(cb.literal(10000), cb.all(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries6e() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o JOIN o.customer c JOIN c.address a WHERE 10000 < "
+            + "ALL (SELECT u.age FROM a.user u)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t5.id, t5.accountNum, t6.id, t6.city, t6.country, t6.county, "
+            + "t6.state, t6.street, t7.userid, t7.DTYPE, t7.age, t7.compName, t7.creditRating, t7.name, t6.zipCode, "
+            + "t5.balanceOwed, t5.creditRating, t5.filledOrderCount, t5.firstName, t5.lastName, t5.name, t5.status, "
+            + "t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, t0.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t0 INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t5 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t5.id "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_ADDR t2 ON t1.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t6 ON t5.ADDRESS_ID = t6.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t7 ON t6.id = t7.ADD_ID "
+            + "WHERE (? < ALL (SELECT t4.age FROM  CompUser t3, CompUser t4 "
+            + "WHERE (t3.userid = t4.userid) AND (t2.id = t3.ADD_ID) ) AND 1 = 1)";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c = o.join(Order_.customer);
+        Join<Customer,Address> a = c.join(Customer_.address);
+        q.select(o);
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Join<Customer,Address> a1 = sq.correlate(a);
+        Join<Address, CompUser> u = a1.join(Address_.user);
+        sq.select(u.get(CompUser_.age));
+        q.where(cb.lt(cb.literal(10000), cb.all(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries6f() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o JOIN o.customer c WHERE 10000 < "
+            + "ALL (SELECT u.age FROM c.address.user u)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t5.id, t5.accountNum, t6.id, t6.city, t6.country, t6.county, "
+            + "t6.state, t6.street, t7.userid, t7.DTYPE, t7.age, t7.compName, t7.creditRating, t7.name, t6.zipCode, "
+            + "t5.balanceOwed, t5.creditRating, t5.filledOrderCount, t5.firstName, t5.lastName, t5.name, t5.status, "
+            + "t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, t0.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t0 INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t5 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t6 ON t5.ADDRESS_ID = t6.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t7 ON t6.id = t7.ADD_ID "
+            + "WHERE (? < ALL (SELECT t4.age "
+            + "FROM CR_ADDR t2 INNER JOIN CompUser t3 ON t2.id = t3.ADD_ID, CompUser t4 "
+            + "WHERE (t3.userid = t4.userid) AND (t1.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubqueries6g() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o JOIN o.customer c WHERE 10000 < "
+            + "ALL (SELECT u.age FROM c.address a JOIN a.user u)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t4.id, t4.accountNum, t5.id, t5.city, t5.country, t5.county, "
+            + "t5.state, t5.street, t6.userid, t6.DTYPE, t6.age, t6.compName, t6.creditRating, t6.name, t5.zipCode, "
+            + "t4.balanceOwed, t4.creditRating, t4.filledOrderCount, t4.firstName, t4.lastName, t4.name, t4.status, "
+            + "t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, t0.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t0 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t4 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t4.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t5 ON t4.ADDRESS_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t6 ON t5.id = t6.ADD_ID WHERE (? < ALL ("
+            + "SELECT t3.age "
+            + "FROM CR_ADDR t2 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CompUser t3 ON t2.id = t3.ADD_ID WHERE (t1.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c = o.join(Order_.customer);
+        q.select(o);
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Join<Order,Customer> c1 = sq.correlate(c);
+        Join<Address, CompUser> u = c1.join(Customer_.address).join(Address_.user);
+        sq.select(u.get(CompUser_.age));
+        q.where(cb.lt(cb.literal(10000), cb.all(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    // redundant t3
+    // compare to 6e, t3 should be in main query for LEFT OUTER JOIN
+    public void testSubqueries6h() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o FROM Order o JOIN o.customer.address a WHERE 10000 < "
+            + "ALL (SELECT u.age FROM a.user u)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t1.id, t1.accountNum, t6.id, t6.city, t6.country, t6.county, "
+            + "t6.state, t6.street, t7.userid, t7.DTYPE, t7.age, t7.compName, t7.creditRating, t7.name, t6.zipCode, "
+            + "t1.balanceOwed, t1.creditRating, t1.filledOrderCount, t1.firstName, t1.lastName, t1.name, t1.status, "
+            + "t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, t0.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t0 INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_ADDR t2 ON t1.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t6 ON t1.ADDRESS_ID = t6.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t7 ON t6.id = t7.ADD_ID WHERE (? < ALL ("
+            + "SELECT t5.age FROM  CR_CUST t3,  CompUser t4, CompUser t5 "
+            + "WHERE (t4.userid = t5.userid) AND (t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t3.id) AND (t2.id = t4.ADD_ID) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+    }
+
+    public void testExist1() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT DISTINCT c.name FROM CompUser c WHERE EXISTS"
+            + " (SELECT a FROM Address a WHERE a = c.address )";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT DISTINCT t1.name FROM CompUser t1 WHERE (EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ADDR t0 WHERE (t0.id = t1.ADD_ID) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+ 
+        CriteriaQuery<String> q = cb.createQuery(String.class);
+        Root<CompUser> c = q.from(CompUser.class);
+        q.select(c.get(CompUser_.name)).distinct(true);
+        Subquery<Address> sq = q.subquery(Address.class);
+        Root<Address> a = sq.from(Address.class);
+        sq.select(a);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(a, c.get(CompUser_.address)));
+        q.where(cb.exists(sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testExist1a() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT DISTINCT o.name FROM CompUser o WHERE EXISTS"
+            + " (SELECT s FROM CompUser s WHERE s.address.country = "
+            + "o.address.country)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT DISTINCT t2.name " + "FROM CompUser t2 "
+        + "INNER JOIN CR_ADDR t3 ON t2.ADD_ID = t3.id "
+        + "WHERE (EXISTS (" + "SELECT t0.userid " + "FROM CompUser t0 "
+        + "INNER JOIN CR_ADDR t1 ON t0.ADD_ID = t1.id "
+        + "WHERE (t1.country = t3.country) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+        
+        CriteriaQuery<String> q = cb.createQuery(String.class);
+        Root<CompUser> o = q.from(CompUser.class);
+        q.select(o.get(CompUser_.name)).distinct(true);
+        Subquery<CompUser> sq = q.subquery(CompUser.class);
+        Root<CompUser> s = sq.from(CompUser.class);
+        sq.select(s);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(s.get(CompUser_.address).get(Address_.country), 
+            o.get(CompUser_.address).get(Address_.country)));
+        q.where(cb.exists(sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+    
+    public void testExist1b() {
+        String jpql = "select c from Customer c left join c.orders o where exists"
+            + " (select o2 from c.orders o2 where o2 = o)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.accountNum, t5.id, t5.city, t5.country, t5.county, "
+            + "t5.state, t5.street, t6.userid, t6.DTYPE, t6.age, t6.compName, t6.creditRating, t6.name, "
+            + "t5.zipCode, t0.balanceOwed, t0.creditRating, t0.filledOrderCount, t0.firstName, t0.lastName, "
+            + "t0.name, t0.status "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t0 "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ODR t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ODR t2 ON t0.id = t2.CUSTOMER_ID "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t5 ON t0.ADDRESS_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t6 ON t5.id = t6.ADD_ID WHERE (EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT t4.id FROM  CR_ODR t3, CR_ODR t4 WHERE (t2.id = t4.id AND t3.id = t4.id) "
+            + "AND (t0.id = t3.CUSTOMER_ID) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        Join<Customer, Order> o = c.join(Customer_.orders, JoinType.LEFT);
+        q.select(c);
+        Subquery<Order> sq = q.subquery(Order.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq.correlate(c);
+        Join<Customer,Order> o2 = c1.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq.select(o2);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(o2, o));
+        q.where(cb.exists(sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testNotExist1() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT DISTINCT c.name FROM CompUser c WHERE NOT EXISTS"
+            + " (SELECT a FROM Address a WHERE a = c.address )";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT DISTINCT t1.name FROM CompUser t1 WHERE (NOT (EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ADDR t0 WHERE (t0.id = t1.ADD_ID) )))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<String> q = cb.createQuery(String.class);
+        Root<CompUser> c = q.from(CompUser.class);
+        q.select(c.get(CompUser_.name)).distinct(true);
+        Subquery<Address> sq = q.subquery(Address.class);
+        Root<Address> a = sq.from(Address.class);
+        sq.select(a);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(a, c.get(CompUser_.address)));
+        q.where(cb.exists(sq).negate());
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testNotExist1a() {
+        String jpql = "select c from Customer c left join c.orders o where not exists"
+            + " (select o2 from c.orders o2 where o2 = o)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.accountNum, t5.id, t5.city, t5.country, t5.county, "
+            + "t5.state, t5.street, t6.userid, t6.DTYPE, t6.age, t6.compName, t6.creditRating, t6.name, "
+            + "t5.zipCode, t0.balanceOwed, t0.creditRating, t0.filledOrderCount, t0.firstName, t0.lastName, "
+            + "t0.name, t0.status "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t0 "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ODR t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ODR t2 ON t0.id = t2.CUSTOMER_ID "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t5 ON t0.ADDRESS_ID = t5.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t6 ON t5.id = t6.ADD_ID WHERE (NOT (EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT t4.id FROM  CR_ODR t3, CR_ODR t4 WHERE (t2.id = t4.id AND t3.id = t4.id) "
+            + "AND (t0.id = t3.CUSTOMER_ID) )))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        SetJoin<Customer,Order> o = c.join(Customer_.orders, JoinType.LEFT);
+        q.select(c);
+        Subquery<Order> sq = q.subquery(Order.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq.correlate(c);
+        SetJoin<Customer,Order> o2 = c1.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq.select(o2);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(o2, o));
+        q.where(cb.exists(sq).negate());
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testAny() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT o.name FROM CompUser o "
+            + "WHERE o.address.zipCode = ANY (SELECT s.computerName "
+            + " FROM CompUser s WHERE s.address.country IS NOT NULL)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.name "
+            + "FROM CompUser t0 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_ADDR t1 ON t0.ADD_ID = t1.id "
+            + "WHERE (t1.zipCode = ANY ("
+            + "SELECT t2.compName "
+            + "FROM CompUser t2 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_ADDR t3 ON t2.ADD_ID = t3.id WHERE (t3.country IS NOT NULL) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<String> q = cb.createQuery(String.class);
+        Root<CompUser> o = q.from(CompUser.class);
+        q.select(o.get(CompUser_.name));
+        Subquery<String> sq = q.subquery(String.class);
+        Root<CompUser> s = sq.from(CompUser.class);
+        sq.select(s.get(CompUser_.computerName));
+        sq.where(cb.isNotNull(s.get(CompUser_.address).get(Address_.country)));
+        q.where(cb.equal(o.get(CompUser_.address).get(Address_.zipCode), cb.any(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    // redundant t1
+    @AllowFailure(message="cross join is not implemented")
+    public void testSubquery01() {
+        String jpql = "select o1.id from Order o1 where o1.id in "
+            + " (select distinct o.id from LineItem i, Order o"
+            + " where i.quantity > 10 and o.count > 1000 and i.id = o.id)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 WHERE (t0.id IN ("
+            + "SELECT DISTINCT t2.id "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t1 JOIN CR_ODR t2 ON (1 = 1), CR_LI t3 WHERE (" 
+            + "t3.quantity > ? AND t2.count > ? AND t3.id = t2.id) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o1 = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o1.get(Order_.id));
+        
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<LineItem> i = sq.from(LineItem.class);
+        Root<Order> o = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.select(o.get(Order_.id)).distinct(true);
+        sq.where(cb.gt(i.get(LineItem_.quantity), 10), 
+                 cb.gt(o.get(Order_.count), 1000),
+                 cb.equal(i.get(LineItem_.id), o.get(Order_.id)));        
+        q.where(o1.get(Order_.id).in(sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery02() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.customer.balanceOwed ="
+            + " (select max(o2.customer.balanceOwed) from Order o2"
+            + " where o.customer.id = o2.customer.id)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id WHERE (t1.balanceOwed = ("
+            + "SELECT MAX(t3.balanceOwed) FROM CR_ODR t2 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_CUST t3 ON t2.CUSTOMER_ID = t3.id WHERE (t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t2.CUSTOMER_ID) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+        
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.select(cb.max(o2.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.balanceOwed)));
+        sq.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.id), 
+                o2.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.id)));
+        q.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.balanceOwed), sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery03() {
+        String jpql = "select o from Order o where o.customer.balanceOwed ="
+            + " (select max(o2.customer.balanceOwed) from Order o2"
+            + " where o.customer.id = o2.customer.id)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t1.id, t1.accountNum, t4.id, t4.city, t4.country, "
+            + "t4.county, t4.state, t4.street, t5.userid, t5.DTYPE, t5.age, t5.compName, t5.creditRating, t5.name, "
+            + "t4.zipCode, t1.balanceOwed, t1.creditRating, t1.filledOrderCount, t1.firstName, t1.lastName, "
+            + "t1.name, t1.status, t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, t0.totalCost "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t0 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t4 ON t1.ADDRESS_ID = t4.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t5 ON t4.id = t5.ADD_ID WHERE (t1.balanceOwed = ("
+            + "SELECT MAX(t3.balanceOwed) FROM CR_ODR t2 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_CUST t3 ON t2.CUSTOMER_ID = t3.id WHERE (t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t2.CUSTOMER_ID) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o);
+        
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.select(cb.max(o2.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.balanceOwed)));
+        sq.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.id), 
+                o2.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.id)));
+        q.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.balanceOwed), sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery04() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.quantity >"
+            + " (select count(i) from o.lineItems i)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 WHERE (t0.quantity > ("
+            + "SELECT COUNT(t2.id) FROM  CR_LI t1, CR_LI t2 "
+            + "WHERE (t1.id = t2.id) AND (t0.id = t1.ORDER_ID) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+        
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.correlate(o);
+        ListJoin<Order, LineItem> i = o2.join(Order_.lineItems);
+        sq.select(cb.count(i));
+        q.where(cb.gt(o.get(Order_.quantity), sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery05() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.quantity >"
+            + " (select count(o.quantity) from Order o)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 WHERE (t0.quantity > ("
+            + "SELECT COUNT(t1.quantity) FROM CR_ODR t1 ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+        
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.select(cb.count(o2.get(Order_.quantity)));
+        q.where(cb.gt(o.get(Order_.quantity), sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery06() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.quantity >"
+            + " (select count(o.id) from Order o)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 WHERE (t0.quantity > ("
+            + "SELECT COUNT(t1.id) FROM CR_ODR t1 ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+        
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.select(cb.count(o2.get(Order_.id)));
+        q.where(cb.gt(o.get(Order_.quantity), sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery07() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.quantity >"
+            + " (select avg(o.quantity) from Order o)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 WHERE (t0.quantity > ("
+            + "SELECT AVG(t1.quantity) FROM CR_ODR t1 ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+        
+        Subquery<Double> sq = q.subquery(Double.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.select(cb.avg(o2.get(Order_.quantity)));
+        q.where(cb.gt(o.get(Order_.quantity), sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery08() {
+        String jpql = "select c.name from Customer c "
+            + "where exists (select o from c.orders o where o.id = 1) "
+            + "or exists (select o from c.orders o where o.id = 2)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.name FROM CR_CUST t0 WHERE (EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT t2.id FROM  CR_ODR t1, CR_ODR t2 "
+            + "WHERE (t2.id = ? AND t1.id = t2.id) AND (t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID) ) OR EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT t4.id FROM  CR_ODR t3, CR_ODR t4 "
+            + "WHERE (t4.id = ? AND t3.id = t4.id) AND (t0.id = t3.CUSTOMER_ID) ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<String> q = cb.createQuery(String.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c.get(Customer_.name));
+        
+        Subquery<Order> sq1 = q.subquery(Order.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq1.correlate(c);
+        SetJoin<Customer,Order> o1 = c1.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq1.select(o1);
+        sq1.where(cb.equal(o1.get(Order_.id), 1));
+        
+        Subquery<Order> sq2 = q.subquery(Order.class);
+        Root<Customer> c2 = sq2.correlate(c);
+        SetJoin<Customer,Order> o2 = c2.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq2.select(o2);
+        sq2.where(cb.equal(o2.get(Order_.id), 2));
+        
+        q.where(cb.or(cb.exists(sq1), cb.exists(sq2)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery09() {
+        String jpql = "select c.name from Customer c, in(c.orders) o "
+            + "where o.quantity between "
+            + "(select max(o.quantity) from Order o) and "
+            + "(select avg(o.quantity) from Order o) ";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.name "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t0 INNER JOIN CR_ODR t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID WHERE ("
+            + "t1.quantity >= (SELECT MAX(t2.quantity) FROM CR_ODR t2 ) AND "
+            + "t1.quantity <= (SELECT AVG(t3.quantity) FROM CR_ODR t3 ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+        
+        CriteriaQuery<String> q = cb.createQuery(String.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        SetJoin<Customer,Order> o = c.join(Customer_.orders);
+        q.select(c.get(Customer_.name));
+        
+        Subquery<Integer> sq1 = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o1 = sq1.from(Order.class);
+        sq1.select(cb.max(o1.get(Order_.quantity)));
+        
+        Subquery<Double> sq2 = q.subquery(Double.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq2.from(Order.class);
+        sq2.select(cb.avg(o2.get(Order_.quantity)));
+        
+        q.where(cb.between(o.get(Order_.quantity), sq1, sq2.as(Integer.class)));
+        
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery10() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.quantity >"
+            + " (select sum(o2.quantity) from Customer c, "
+            + "in(c.orders) o2) ";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t2.id FROM CR_ODR t2 WHERE (t2.quantity > ("
+            + "SELECT SUM(t1.quantity) FROM CR_CUST t0 INNER JOIN CR_ODR t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+        
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = sq.from(Customer.class);
+        Join<Customer,Order> o2 = c.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq.select(cb.sum(o2.get(Order_.quantity)));
+        
+        q.where(cb.gt(o.get(Order_.quantity), sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery11() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.quantity between"
+            + " (select avg(o2.quantity) from Customer c, in(c.orders) o2)"
+            + " and (select min(o2.quantity) from Customer c, in(c.orders)"
+            + " o2)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t4.id FROM CR_ODR t4 WHERE (t4.quantity >= ("
+            + "SELECT AVG(t1.quantity) "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t0 INNER JOIN CR_ODR t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID ) AND "
+            + "t4.quantity <= ("
+            + "SELECT MIN(t3.quantity) "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t2 INNER JOIN CR_ODR t3 ON t2.id = t3.CUSTOMER_ID ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+
+        Subquery<Double> sq1 = q.subquery(Double.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = sq1.from(Customer.class);
+        SetJoin<Customer, Order> o2 = c.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq1.select(cb.avg(o2.get(Order_.quantity)));
+
+        Subquery<Integer> sq2 = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c2 = sq2.from(Customer.class);
+        SetJoin<Customer, Order> o3 = c2.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq2.select(cb.min(o3.get(Order_.quantity)));
+
+        q.where(cb.between(o.get(Order_.quantity), sq1.as(Integer.class), sq2));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery12() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Customer c, in(c.orders)o "
+            + "where o.quantity > (select sum(o2.quantity)"
+            + " from c.orders o2)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t1.id FROM CR_CUST t0 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_ODR t1 ON t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID WHERE (t1.quantity > ("
+            + "SELECT SUM(t3.quantity) FROM  CR_ODR t2, CR_ODR t3 "
+            + "WHERE (t2.id = t3.id) AND (t0.id = t2.CUSTOMER_ID) ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        SetJoin<Customer,Order> o = c.join(Customer_.orders);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+        
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq.correlate(c);
+        Join<Customer,Order> o2 = c1.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq.select(cb.sum(o2.get(Order_.quantity)));
+        
+        q.where(cb.gt(o.get(Order_.quantity), sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    @AllowFailure(message="cross join is not implemented")
+    public void testSubquery13() {
+        String jpql = "select o1.id, c.name from Order o1, Customer c"
+            + " where o1.quantity = "
+            + " any(select o2.quantity from in(c.orders) o2)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t1.name " + 
+        "FROM CR_ODR t0 JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON (1 = 1) WHERE (t0.quantity = ANY (" + 
+        "SELECT t3.quantity FROM  CR_ODR t2, CR_ODR t3 WHERE (t2.id = t3.id) AND (t1.id = t2.CUSTOMER_ID) ))"; 
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<?> q = cb.createQuery();
+        Root<Order> o1 = q.from(Order.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.multiselect(o1.get(Order_.id), c.get(Customer_.name));
+        
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq.correlate(c);
+        Join<Customer,Order> o2 = c1.join(Customer_.orders);
+        sq.select(o2.get(Order_.quantity));
+        
+        q.where(cb.equal(o1.get(Order_.quantity), cb.any(sq)));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery14() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT p, m FROM Publisher p "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN p.magazineCollection m "
+            + "WHERE m.id = (SELECT MAX(m2.id) FROM Magazine m2 "
+            + "WHERE m2.idPublisher.id = p.id AND m2.id = "
+            + "(SELECT MAX(m3.id) FROM Magazine m3 "
+            + "WHERE m3.idPublisher.id = p.id)) ";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t1.id, t1.date_published, t1.id_publisher, t1.name "
+            + "FROM CR_PSH t0 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_MG t1 ON t0.id = t1.id_publisher WHERE (t1.id = ("
+            + "SELECT MAX(t2.id) FROM CR_MG t2 WHERE ("
+            + "t2.id_publisher = t0.id AND "
+            + "t2.id = (SELECT MAX(t3.id) FROM CR_MG t3 WHERE (t3.id_publisher = t0.id) )) ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<?> q = cb.createQuery();
+        Root<Publisher> p = q.from(Publisher.class);
+        SetJoin<Publisher, Magazine> m = p.join(Publisher_.magazineCollection, JoinType.LEFT);
+        q.multiselect(p, m);
+        
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Magazine> m2 = sq.from(Magazine.class);
+        sq.select(cb.max(m2.get(Magazine_.id)));
+
+        Subquery<Integer> sq2 = sq.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Magazine> m3 = sq2.from(Magazine.class);
+        sq2.select(cb.max(m3.get(Magazine_.id)));
+        sq2.where(cb.equal(m3.get(Magazine_.idPublisher).get(Publisher_.id), p.get(Publisher_.id)));
+        
+        sq.where(
+            cb.equal(m2.get(Magazine_.idPublisher).get(Publisher_.id), p.get(Publisher_.id)),
+            cb.equal(m2.get(Magazine_.id), sq2));
+        
+        q.where(cb.equal(m.get(Magazine_.id), sq));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery15() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.delivered =(select "
+            + "   CASE WHEN o2.quantity > 10 THEN true"
+            + "     WHEN o2.quantity = 10 THEN false "
+            + "     ELSE false END from Order o2"
+            + " where o.customer.id = o2.customer.id)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 WHERE (t0.delivered = ("
+            + "SELECT  CASE  WHEN t1.quantity > ? THEN 1 WHEN t1.quantity = ? THEN 0 ELSE 0 END  "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t1 WHERE (t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.CUSTOMER_ID) ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+
+        Subquery<Object> sq = q.subquery(Object.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.id), o2.get(
+                Order_.customer).get(Customer_.id)));
+        sq.select(
+            cb.selectCase().when(cb.gt(o2.get(Order_.quantity), 10), true)
+                .when(cb.equal(o2.get(Order_.quantity), 10), false)
+                .otherwise(false)
+        );
+
+        q.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.delivered), sq));
+        
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    @AllowFailure(message="cross join is not implemented")
+    public void testSubquery16() {
+        String jpql = "select o1.id from Order o1 where o1.quantity > "
+            + " (select o.quantity*2 from LineItem i, Order o"
+            + " where i.quantity > 10 and o.quantity > 1000 and i.id = "
+            + "o.id)";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 WHERE (t0.quantity > ("
+            + "SELECT (t2.quantity * ?) FROM CR_ODR t1 JOIN CR_ODR t2 ON (1 = 1), CR_LI t3 WHERE ("
+            + "t3.quantity > ? AND t2.quantity > ? AND t3.id = t2.id) ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o1 = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o1.get(Order_.id));
+
+        Subquery<Integer> sq = q.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<LineItem> i = sq.from(LineItem.class);
+        Join<LineItem, Order> o = i.join(LineItem_.order);
+        sq.where(cb.and(cb.and(cb.gt(i.get(LineItem_.quantity), 10), cb.gt(o
+                .get(Order_.quantity), 1000)), cb.equal(i.get(LineItem_.id), o
+                .get(Order_.id))));
+
+        q.where(cb.gt(o1.get(Order_.quantity), sq.select(cb.prod(o
+                .get(Order_.quantity), 2))));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery17() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.customer.name ="
+            + " (select substring(o2.customer.name, 3) from Order o2"
+            + " where o.customer.id = o2.customer.id)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id WHERE (t1.name = ("
+            + "SELECT SUBSTR(CAST((t3.name) AS VARCHAR(1000)), 3) "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t2 INNER JOIN CR_CUST t3 ON t2.CUSTOMER_ID = t3.id "
+            + "WHERE (t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t2.CUSTOMER_ID) ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+
+        Subquery<String> sq = q.subquery(String.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.id), o2.get(
+                Order_.customer).get(Customer_.id)));
+
+        q.where(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.name), sq
+                .select(cb.substring(o2.get(Order_.customer)
+                        .get(Customer_.name), 3))));
+
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void xtestSubquery18() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.orderTs >"
+            + " (select CURRENT_TIMESTAMP from o.lineItems i)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 WHERE (t0.orderTs > ("
+            + "SELECT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP FROM  CR_LI t1, CR_LI t2 WHERE (t1.id = t2.id) AND "
+            + "(t0.id = t1.ORDER_ID) ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+
+        Subquery<Timestamp> sq = q.subquery(Timestamp.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.correlate(o);
+        ListJoin<Order, LineItem> i = o2.join(Order_.lineItems);
+
+        //q.where(cb.gt(o.get(Order_.orderTs),
+        //sq.select(cb.currentTimestamp())));
+        
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery19() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.quantity >"
+            + " (select SQRT(o.quantity) from Order o where o.delivered"
+            + " = true)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ODR t0 WHERE (t0.quantity > ("
+            + "SELECT SQRT(t1.quantity) FROM CR_ODR t1 WHERE (t1.delivered = ?) ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+
+        Subquery<Double> sq = q.subquery(Double.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(o2.get(Order_.delivered), true));
+
+        q.where(cb.gt(o.get(Order_.quantity), sq.select(cb.sqrt(o2
+                .get(Order_.quantity)))));
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery20() {
+        String jpql = "select o.id from Order o where o.customer.name in"
+            + " (select CONCAT(o.customer.name, 'XX') from Order o"
+            + " where o.quantity > 10)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t2.id FROM CR_ODR t2 "
+            + "INNER JOIN CR_CUST t3 ON t2.CUSTOMER_ID = t3.id WHERE (t3.name IN ("
+            + "SELECT (CAST(t1.name AS VARCHAR(1000)) || CAST(? AS VARCHAR(1000))) "
+            + "FROM CR_ODR t0 INNER JOIN CR_CUST t1 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id WHERE (t0.quantity > ?) ))";
+
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+        CriteriaQuery<Integer> q = cb.createQuery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+
+        Subquery<String> sq = q.subquery(String.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.where(cb.gt(o2.get(Order_.quantity), 10));
+
+        q.where(cb.in(o.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.name)).value(
+                sq.select(cb.concat(
+                        o2.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.name), "XX"))));
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery21() {
+        String jpql = "select c from Customer c where c.creditRating ="
+            + " (select CASE WHEN o2.quantity > 10 THEN "
+            + "            Customer$CreditRating.POOR "
+            + "        WHEN o2.quantity = 10 THEN "
+            + "            Customer$CreditRating.GOOD "
+            + "        ELSE "
+            + "            Customer$CreditRating.EXCELLENT "
+            + "        END from Order o2 "
+            + "   where c.id = o2.customer.id)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.accountNum, t2.id, t2.city, t2.country, t2.county, t2.state, " +
+        "t2.street, t3.userid, t3.DTYPE, t3.age, t3.compName, t3.creditRating, t3.name, t2.zipCode, " + 
+        "t0.balanceOwed, t0.creditRating, t0.filledOrderCount, t0.firstName, t0.lastName, t0.name, " + 
+        "t0.status " + 
+        "FROM CR_CUST t0 " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t2 ON t0.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t3 ON t2.id = t3.ADD_ID " + 
+        "WHERE (t0.creditRating = (" + 
+        "SELECT  CASE  WHEN t1.quantity > ? THEN 0 WHEN t1.quantity = ? THEN 1 ELSE 2 END  " + 
+        "FROM CR_ODR t1 WHERE (t0.id = t1.CUSTOMER_ID) ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c);
+
+        Subquery<Object> sq = q.subquery(Object.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(
+            c.get(Customer_.id), 
+            o2.get(Order_.customer).get(Customer_.id)));
+        Expression<Object> generalCase = cb.selectCase()
+                .when(cb.gt(o2.get(Order_.quantity), 10), 
+                        Customer.CreditRating.POOR)
+                .when(cb.equal(o2.get(Order_.quantity), 10), 
+                        Customer.CreditRating.GOOD)
+                .otherwise(Customer.CreditRating.EXCELLENT);
+        
+        sq.select(generalCase);
+        q.where(cb.equal(c.get(Customer_.creditRating), sq));
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery22() {
+        String jpql = "select c from Customer c "
+            + "where c.creditRating = (select COALESCE (c1.creditRating, "
+            + "criteria1."
+            + "Customer$CreditRating.POOR) "
+            + "from Customer c1 where c1.name = 'Famzy') order by c.name "
+            + "DESC";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.accountNum, t2.id, t2.city, t2.country, t2.county, t2.state, " + 
+        "t2.street, t3.userid, t3.DTYPE, t3.age, t3.compName, t3.creditRating, t3.name, t2.zipCode, " + 
+        "t0.balanceOwed, t0.creditRating, t0.filledOrderCount, t0.firstName, t0.lastName, t0.name, " + 
+        "t0.status " + 
+        "FROM CR_CUST t0 " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t2 ON t0.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t3 ON t2.id = t3.ADD_ID WHERE (t0.creditRating = (" + 
+        "SELECT  COALESCE(t1.creditRating,0) FROM CR_CUST t1 WHERE (t1.name = ?) )) " + 
+        "ORDER BY t0.name DESC";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c);
+        q.orderBy(cb.desc(c.get(Customer_.name)));        
+
+        Subquery<Customer.CreditRating> sq =
+            q.subquery(Customer.CreditRating.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq.from(Customer.class);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(c1.get(Customer_.name), "Famzy"));
+        
+        Expression<Customer.CreditRating> coalesce = cb.coalesce(
+                c1.get(Customer_.creditRating), 
+                Customer.CreditRating.POOR);
+        sq.select(coalesce);
+        q.where(cb.equal(c.get(Customer_.creditRating),sq));
+        
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery23() {
+        String jpql = "select c from Customer c "
+            + "where c.creditRating = (select NULLIF (c1.creditRating, "
+            + "org.apache.openjpa.persistence.criteria."
+            + "Customer$CreditRating.POOR) "
+            + "from Customer c1 where c1.name = 'Famzy') "
+            + "order by c.name DESC";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.accountNum, t2.id, t2.city, t2.country, t2.county, " + 
+        "t2.state, t2.street, t3.userid, t3.DTYPE, t3.age, t3.compName, t3.creditRating, t3.name, " + 
+        "t2.zipCode, t0.balanceOwed, t0.creditRating, t0.filledOrderCount, t0.firstName, t0.lastName, " + 
+        "t0.name, t0.status " + 
+        "FROM CR_CUST t0 " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t2 ON t0.ADDRESS_ID = t2.id " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t3 ON t2.id = t3.ADD_ID WHERE (t0.creditRating = (" + 
+        "SELECT  NULLIF(t1.creditRating,0) FROM CR_CUST t1 WHERE (t1.name = ?) )) " + 
+        "ORDER BY t0.name DESC";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c);
+        q.orderBy(cb.desc(c.get(Customer_.name)));        
+
+        Subquery<Customer.CreditRating> sq =
+            q.subquery(Customer.CreditRating.class);
+        Root<Customer> c1 = sq.from(Customer.class);
+        sq.where(cb.equal(c1.get(Customer_.name), "Famzy"));
+        
+        q.where(cb.equal(c.get(Customer_.creditRating),
+            sq.select(cb.nullif(c1.get(Customer_.creditRating),
+                Customer.CreditRating.POOR))));    
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery24() {
+        String jpql = "select o from Order o where o.count > (select count(o) from Order o)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t2.id, t2.accountNum, t3.id, t3.city, t3.country, " + 
+        "t3.county, t3.state, t3.street, t4.userid, t4.DTYPE, t4.age, t4.compName, t4.creditRating, " + 
+        "t4.name, t3.zipCode, t2.balanceOwed, t2.creditRating, t2.filledOrderCount, t2.firstName, " + 
+        "t2.lastName, t2.name, t2.status, t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, " + 
+        "t0.totalCost " + 
+        "FROM CR_ODR t0 " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t2 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t2.id " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t3 ON t2.ADDRESS_ID = t3.id " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t4 ON t3.id = t4.ADD_ID WHERE (t0.count > (" + 
+        "SELECT COUNT(t1.id) FROM CR_ODR t1 ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o);
+
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.select(cb.count(o2));
+
+        q.where(cb.gt(o.get(Order_.count), sq));
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    public void testSubquery25() {
+        String jpql = "select o from Order o where o.count > (select count(o2) from Order o2)";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.id, t0.count, t2.id, t2.accountNum, t3.id, t3.city, t3.country, " + 
+        "t3.county, t3.state, t3.street, t4.userid, t4.DTYPE, t4.age, t4.compName, t4.creditRating, " + 
+        "t4.name, t3.zipCode, t2.balanceOwed, t2.creditRating, t2.filledOrderCount, t2.firstName, " + 
+        "t2.lastName, t2.name, t2.status, t0.delivered, t0.name, t0.orderTs, t0.quantity, " + 
+        "t0.totalCost " + 
+        "FROM CR_ODR t0 " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_CUST t2 ON t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t2.id " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t3 ON t2.ADDRESS_ID = t3.id " + 
+        "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t4 ON t3.id = t4.ADD_ID WHERE (t0.count > (" + 
+        "SELECT COUNT(t1.id) FROM CR_ODR t1 ))";
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Order> q = cb.createQuery(Order.class);
+        Root<Order> o = q.from(Order.class);
+        q.select(o);
+
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Order> o2 = sq.from(Order.class);
+        sq.select(cb.count(o2));
+
+        q.where(cb.gt(o.get(Order_.count), sq));
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * this test scenario must use Dependent.java and DependentId.java in
+     * org.apache.openjpa.persistence.query package.
+     */
+    @AllowFailure(message="")
+    public void testSubSelectMaxDateRange() {
+        String jpql = "SELECT e,d from Employee e, Dependent d "
+            + "WHERE e.empId = :empid "
+            + "AND d.id.empid = (SELECT MAX (e2.empId) FROM Employee e2) "
+            + "AND d.id.effDate > :minDate "
+            + "AND d.id.effDate < :maxDate ";
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t0.empId, t1.effDate, t1.empid, t1.name " + 
+        "FROM CR_EMP t0 JOIN SUBQ_DEPENDENT t1 ON (1 = 1) " + 
+        "WHERE (t0.empId = ? " + 
+        "AND t1.empid = (SELECT MAX(t2.empId) FROM CR_EMP t2 ) " + 
+        "AND t1.effDate > ? AND t1.effDate < ?)";
+
+        Query jQ = em.createQuery(jpql);
+        jQ.setParameter("empid", (long) 101);
+        jQ.setParameter("minDate", new Date(100));
+        jQ.setParameter("maxDate", new Date(100000));
+
+        List jList = jQ.getResultList();
+    }
+    
+    public void testCorrelatedNestedSubquery1() {
+        String jpql = "Select Object (c) From Customer c Where Not Exists ("
+                + "   Select a.id From Account As a Where "
+                + "        a.customer = c  And "
+                + "        exists (select o.id from Order o where o.customer = c and o.count = 1))";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t1.id, t1.accountNum, t3.id, t3.city, t3.country, t3.county, t3.state, "
+            + "t3.street, t4.userid, t4.DTYPE, t4.age, t4.compName, t4.creditRating, t4.name, t3.zipCode, "
+            + "t1.balanceOwed, t1.creditRating, t1.filledOrderCount, t1.firstName, t1.lastName, t1.name, "
+            + "t1.status "
+            + "FROM CR_CUST t1 LEFT OUTER JOIN CR_ADDR t3 ON t1.ADDRESS_ID = t3.id "
+            + "LEFT OUTER JOIN CompUser t4 ON t3.id = t4.ADD_ID WHERE (NOT (EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ACCT t0 WHERE (t0.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id AND EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT t2.id FROM CR_ODR t2 WHERE (t2.CUSTOMER_ID = t1.id AND t2.count = ?) )) )))";
+        
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Customer> q = cb.createQuery(Customer.class);
+        Root<Customer> c = q.from(Customer.class);
+        q.select(c);
+
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Account> a = sq.from(Account.class);
+        sq.select(a.get(Account_.id));
+        
+        Subquery<Integer> sq1 = sq.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Order> o = sq1.from(Order.class);
+        sq1.select(o.get(Order_.id));
+        sq1.where(cb.and(cb.equal(o.get(Order_.customer), c), cb.equal(o.get(Order_.count), 1)));
+        
+        
+        sq.where(cb.and(cb.equal(a.get(Account_.customer), c), cb.exists(sq1)));
+
+        q.where(cb.exists(sq).negate());
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+    
+    public void testCorrelatedNestedSubquery1a() {
+        String jpql = "Select Object (o) From Product o Where Not Exists ("
+            + "   Select a.id From Account As a Where "
+            + "        a.product = o  And "
+            + "        exists (select r.id from Request r where r.account = a and r.status = 1))";
+
+        String expectedSQL = "SELECT t1.pid, t1.version, t1.productType FROM CR_PRD t1 WHERE (NOT (EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT t0.id FROM CR_ACCT t0 WHERE (t0.PRODUCT_PID = t1.pid AND EXISTS ("
+            + "SELECT t2.id FROM Request t2 WHERE (t2.ACCOUNT_ID = t0.id AND t2.status = ?) )) )))";
+        
+        executeAndCompareSQL(jpql, expectedSQL);
+
+        CriteriaQuery<Product> q = cb.createQuery(Product.class);
+        Root<Product> o = q.from(Product.class);
+        q.select(o);
+
+        Subquery<Long> sq = q.subquery(Long.class);
+        Root<Account> a = sq.from(Account.class);
+        sq.select(a.get(Account_.id));
+        
+        Subquery<Integer> sq1 = sq.subquery(Integer.class);
+        Root<Request> r = sq1.from(Request.class);
+        sq1.select(r.get(Request_.id));
+        sq1.where(cb.and(cb.equal(r.get(Request_.account), a), cb.equal(r.get(Request_.status), 1)));
+        
+        
+        sq.where(cb.and(cb.equal(a.get(Account_.product), o), cb.exists(sq1)));
+
+        q.where(cb.exists(sq).negate());
+        assertEquivalence(q, jpql);
+    }
+}

Modified: openjpa/trunk/openjpa-persistence-jdbc/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/persistence/criteria/TestJoinCondition.java
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/openjpa/trunk/openjpa-persistence-jdbc/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/persistence/criteria/TestJoinCondition.java?rev=794524&r1=794523&r2=794524&view=diff
==============================================================================
--- openjpa/trunk/openjpa-persistence-jdbc/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/persistence/criteria/TestJoinCondition.java (original)
+++ openjpa/trunk/openjpa-persistence-jdbc/src/test/java/org/apache/openjpa/persistence/criteria/TestJoinCondition.java Thu Jul 16 04:57:15 2009
@@ -1,9 +1,5 @@
 package org.apache.openjpa.persistence.criteria;
 
-import java.util.Collection;
-import java.util.List;
-import java.util.Set;
-
 import javax.persistence.criteria.CollectionJoin;
 import javax.persistence.criteria.CriteriaQuery;
 import javax.persistence.criteria.Join;
@@ -14,6 +10,8 @@
 import javax.persistence.criteria.SetJoin;
 import javax.persistence.metamodel.Bindable;
 
+import org.apache.openjpa.persistence.test.AllowFailure;
+
 /**
  * Tests Criteria Queries that use Join.
  *  
@@ -71,6 +69,7 @@
         assertEquivalence(cq, jpql);
     }
     
+    @AllowFailure
     public void testCrossJoin() {
         String jpql = "select a from A a, C c where a.name=c.name";
         CriteriaQuery<?> cq = cb.createQuery();



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