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From "Graham Dumpleton (JIRA)" <j...@apache.org>
Subject [jira] Work started: (MODPYTHON-129) HandlerDispatch doesn't treat OK/DECLINED result properly for all phases.
Date Sat, 01 Apr 2006 04:54:45 GMT
     [ http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/MODPYTHON-129?page=all ]
     
Work on MODPYTHON-129 started by Graham Dumpleton

> HandlerDispatch doesn't treat OK/DECLINED result properly for all phases.
> -------------------------------------------------------------------------
>
>          Key: MODPYTHON-129
>          URL: http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/MODPYTHON-129
>      Project: mod_python
>         Type: Bug
>   Components: core
>     Versions: 3.2.7
>     Reporter: Graham Dumpleton
>     Assignee: Graham Dumpleton

>
> Todays daily bug report, or is it? ;-)
> The Python*Handler documentation says:
> """Multiple handlers can be specified on a single line, in which case they will be called
sequentially, from left to right. Same handler directives can be specified multiple times
as well, with the same result - all handlers listed will be executed sequentially, from first
to last. If any handler in the sequence returns a value other than apache.OK, then execution
of all subsequent handlers is aborted."""
> That is, no matter which phase is being processed, mod_python will stop processing them
if a value other than OK is returned.
> Problem is that this isn't how Apache itself treats the result from handlers. Apache
actually implements two different ways for dealing with the result from the handlers. Which
is used depends on which processing phase is occuring. This is all specified by the Apache
magic macro code:
>   AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_FIRST(int,translate_name,
>                             (request_rec *r), (r), DECLINED)
>   AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_FIRST(int,map_to_storage,
>                             (request_rec *r), (r), DECLINED)
>   AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_FIRST(int,check_user_id,
>                             (request_rec *r), (r), DECLINED)
>   AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_FIRST(int,auth_checker,
>                             (request_rec *r), (r), DECLINED)
>   AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_ALL(int,access_checker,
>                           (request_rec *r), (r), OK, DECLINED)
>   AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_FIRST(int,type_checker,
>                             (request_rec *r), (r), DECLINED)
>   AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_ALL(int,fixups,
>                           (request_rec *r), (r), OK, DECLINED)
> What this gobblegook expands to are loops which will stop processing handlers based on
the result.
> For the AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_ALL macro, all handlers in the phase will be run unless
one returns something other than OK or DECLINED. Returning OK means that it did something
and it worked okay. Returing DECLINED means that it didn't do anything at all. In both these
cases, it still goes onto the next handler in that phase. After that it will go onto the next
phase.
> Returning an error will cause appropriate error response to go back to client with any
other handlers in the phase, as well as later phases being skipped. Returning DONE is much
like returning an error but Apache interprets it as meaning a complete response was constructed
and that it doesn't have to generate any response.
> For the AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_FIRST macro, all handlers will be run only if they all
return DECLINED. In other words, if a handler returns OK it will skip the following handlers
in that phase and then move onto the next phase. Returning an error or DONE is like above.
> In the case of mod_python, what it does doesn't fit into either. It is closer to behaving
like the AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_ALL macro except that it stops processing further handlers
in the phase if DECLINED is returned.
> As to what problems this causes, imagine you had registered multiple authentication handlers
which supported different authentication mechanisms. This is the case where AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_FIRST
 macro is used. The idea is that each authentication handler would check the value associated
with the AuthType directive to determine if it should do anything. If it was not the AuthType
it implements, if it were a C based handler module, it would returned DECLINED to indicate
it hadn't done anything and that the next handler should instead be tried. Each handler would
thus be called until one handler says that is for me, says the user is valid and returns OK
or returns an error rejecting it.
> If you wanted to write these multiple authentication handlers in Python you can't do
it. This is because the way mod_python works, if you return DECLINED it would actually skip
the remainder of the mod_python declared handlers whereas you still want them to be executed.
Apache would still execute any other C based handlers in the phase though. The only way to
get mod_python to execute later mod_python handlers in the phase is to return OK, but if you
do that and it happens to be the last handler in the mod_python list of handlers, it will
return OK to Apache and Apache will then think a handler successfully handled it and not then
execute any subsequent C based handlers in that phase.
> There are going to be other sorts of problems with phases implemented using AP_IMPLEMENT_HOOK_RUN_ALL
as well, as a handler that validly returns DECLINED to say it didn't do anything will cause
mod_python to skip later mod_python handlers as well. If it were only C based handlers, that
wouldn't be the case.
> In summary, it doesn't work how it probably should. 
> Note that the above relates to phases other than content handler. Still have to work
out what Apache does for content handler phase when there are multiple handlers for the phase.
> No one has probably noticed these problems as no one seems to use mod_python in a serious
way for implementing these other phases, simply using mod_python as a jumping off point for
content handlers.

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