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Subject RE: Back navigation using application back buttons
Date Wed, 28 Jul 2004 04:14:54 GMT
I beleive this is really a desired feature, and I have a piece of code for 
doing all this.
Which extends DispatchAction and RequestProcessor.

We needed this for
1.      BreadCrumbs
2.      Wizard type of Screen
3.      A situation when particular screen was being invoked from multiple 
places and there was a back button on the called screen.

Puneet Agarwal
Tata Consultancy Services
07/28/2004 05:14 AM

Please respond to
"Struts Users Mailing List" <>

"Struts Users Mailing List" <>

RE: Back navigation using application back buttons

Hi there,

Another way to implement this is to *use* the struts config file. In my 
case I have a multi page form over four pages. All submissions are handled
by the same Action class. However, the action is different for each form. 
For example:

<form action="ProcessPage1">
  <input type="hidden" name="page" value="1">

<form action="ProcessPage2">
  <input type="hidden" name="page" value="2">

Both ProcessPage1 and ProcessPage2 are mapped to the same Action class. 
After processing the form, the Action will return a forward mapping
of "back", "next", "print" or anything else that may be required depending 

on the button clicked in the page. 

Since there are individual mappings, I can use local forwards to control 
where to go; for example:

        <action path="/ProcessPage1" type="" name
="myform" scope="session" input="page1">
                <forward name="next" path="/jsp/page2.jsp" />
                <forward name="cancel" path="/jsp/maybe_next_time.jsp" />

        <action path="/ProcessPage2" type="" name
="myform" scope="session" input="page2">
                <forward name="back" path="/jsp/page1.jsp" />
                <forward name="next" path="/jsp/page3.jsp" />
                <forward name="print" path="/jsp/page2.jsp" />

Cheers, Martin

"Meier, Niclas" <> 
28/07/2004 06:06
Please respond to
"Struts Users Mailing List" <>

"Struts Users Mailing List" <>

RE: Back navigation using application back buttons


You can try two hidden fields fort he 'currentPage' and 'lastPage'. When 
you submit any form with the 'next'-Button you can evalute the request 
determine the next page in your process. If you proceed with the back 
button, you can go back the the last page:

Example 1
Page 1 (c:1, l:undef) -[fwd]-> Page 2 (c:2, l:1) -[back]-> Page 1 (c:1, 

Example 2
Page 1 (c:1, l:undef) -[fwd]-> Page 3 (c:3, l:1) -[fwd]-> Page 2 (c:2, 
l:3) -[back]-> Page 3 (c:3, l:2)

You can implement this function into Abstract classes (From and Action) to 

handle the whole navigation. Or you create a dispatcher which all pages 
configured into.

    <action path="/foo/dispatcher" name="naviForm" 
      <forward name="1" path="/pages/page1.jsp"/>
      <forward name="2" path="/pages/page2.jsp"/>
      <forward name="3" path="/pages/page2.jsp"/>

A good idea maybe the seperation of request handling of the page form, 
which is related to the page and some stuff you need to prepare the view. 
I often use this pattern with great success.

{Form on Page 1} -[submit]-> FormOneRequestHandlingAction -[forward]-> 
DispatcherAction -[forward]-> ViewPreparingActionPageTwo -[forward] -> 

The first two actions can decide to return to page 1 and the third action 
will always forward to the jsp. 


-----Original Message-----
From: James Sheridan [] 
Sent: Tuesday, July 27, 2004 4:51 PM
To: ''
Subject: Back navigation using application back buttons


I am trying to implement a simple Back mechanism which uses Back buttons 
the page (encouraging users to use this rather than browser Back which is
not a good idea). Lets call the pages Page1 and Page2. A Page 1 action
brings user to Page 2. Page 2 has a Back button. The basic mechanism is
trivial, ie. an action handler for Page 2 Back which forwards to Page1.
However the problem is I want to be able to go Back to pages other than
Page1 since the user can also get to Page 2 via Page3. ie. I want to be 
to do
Is there some way to control the forwarding for the Page2 Back handling 
know which page to go back to ? The 'static' mappings I would set up in
struts-config.xml appear to only allow me to configure navigation back to
one specific page. I was considering implementing a 'page stack' object 
passing it as a session attribute but I would have hoped that the Struts
framework would make this possible in some easy way.

I suppose some of the wizard ideas might help but a wizard is essentially
different from what I cam trying to achieve in the sense that Back in a
wizard always go back to a specific page.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

-- James

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