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From "Rick Reumann" <>
Subject Re: using Constants from JSTL .....
Date Wed, 07 Jul 2004 21:33:50 GMT
On Wed, 07 Jul 2004 20:12:02 +0200, Bryan Hunt <>  

> And it works fine, but really what I am trying to get here is the value  
> of using Constants in
> both my Actions and my ( JSTL based ) jsp's.

You need to have all your Constants in a Map that is in application scope.  
Kris Schneider posted this great piece of code to add to your Constants  
file to return all your constants as a Map. At app start up I have a  
servlet that does several things, one of which call the properties method  
to put all the stuff in a Map and then you can just put that in scope:

//in some servlet at startup:
ServletContext context = contextEvent.getServletContext();
context.setAttribute("CONSTANTS", UIConstants.getConstantsMap());

(Below you don't need to do like I have. I had other reasons to do it this  
way at the time. But just provide the getConstantFieldsAsMap() method )

//example class: UIConstants

private static Map constantsMap;
static {
     constantsMap = getConstantFieldsAsMap(UIConstants.class);

public static Map getConstantsMap() {
     return constantsMap;

//all your constants:
public final static String WHATEVER = "whatever";

//this does the work.. thanks Kris
private static Map getConstantFieldsAsMap(Class cls) {
     Map propMap = null;
     try {
         Field[] allFields = cls.getDeclaredFields();
         int numFields = allFields.length;
         propMap = new HashMap(numFields);
         for(int i = 0; i < numFields; i++) {
             Field f = allFields[i];
             int mods = f.getModifiers();
             if(Modifier.isPublic(mods) && Modifier.isStatic(mods) &&  
Modifier.isFinal(mods)) {
                 String name = f.getName();
                 Object value = f.get(null);
                 log.debug("Putting name = " + name + " and value=" + value  
+ " into propMap");
                 propMap.put(name, value);
     } catch(IllegalAccessException ie) {
         log.error("Problem loading constantFieldsAsMap " + ie);
     return Collections.unmodifiableMap(propMap);

//end class

Now in JSP you can just do:

<c:out value="${CONSTANTS.WHATEVER)"/>


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