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From Jeremy Conner <>
Subject RE: Best practice for passing success/error message to another dispatch (struts2)?
Date Tue, 12 Aug 2008 19:50:50 GMT
Thanks for the feedback Martin.

This is a really generic issue to me.
I have a list.  From the list you can do operations.  When you complete the operation you
want to go back to the list.
Success or error, you want to go the list with a message from the first dispatch.

Another example would be having a [delete] link on each row of the list.
You click [delete], it fails because the page was stale, so delegate to the list() dispatch
with the error message from delete().

I am asking for a best practice because I can make this work in several ways, none of which
seem clean.
This seems like the default behavior of any list page to me.  I am hoping there is a prescribed
flow to follow.

There are a couple options that I can think of:

1) go to error.jsp
This is really not desired.
Going to a default error page (or even a custom one) is breaking the workflow of the user.
They see the error and next need to click back to the list so they can try again.

2) call list() as the return import().
This works fine, but now there is hard coded "chaining" logic.

3) pass my own parameter in the result action tag in struts.xml.
Ex. <param name="myErrorMessage">${myErrorMessage}</param>
This is not desired either.  It basically means I am replacing the existing error framework.
All my JSPs would need to look for myErrorMessage instead of using the built in tags.

-----Original Message-----
From: Martin Gainty []
Sent: Tuesday, August 12, 2008 2:20 PM
To: Struts Users Mailing List
Subject: RE: Best practice for passing success/error message to another dispatch (struts2)?

your action execute method can return "error" result which maps to error page e.g.
<result name="error">/error.jsp</result>

where error looks like
<b>YOU have an error !</b>

better to create a div tag and write a meaningful error to response which displays response
in div tag ...

Anyone else?
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> From:
> To:
> Date: Tue, 12 Aug 2008 15:05:42 -0400
> Subject: Best practice for passing success/error message to another dispatch (struts2)?
> I have an action with two dispatch methods.
> I have a single JSP that renders a list and also have an import file field.
> On import failure, I want to populate the list with an error message.
> It looks like validation for the list() method is wiping the errors from the import()
> Example struts.xml:
>     <action name="*Role" class="RoleAction" method="list">
>       <result name="input">/</result>
>       <result name="success">/</result>
>     </action>
>     <action name="importRole" class="RoleAction" method="import">
>       <result name="input" type="chain">listRole</result>
>       <result name="success" type="chain">listRole</result>
>     </action>
> Example pseudo code:
> public String list() {
>   // sql lookup, populate list
>   return "success";
> }
> public String import() {
>   // do import
>   If (fail) {
>     addActionError(errorMessage);
>   }
>   return "success";
> }

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