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From Maurizio Cucchiara <maurizio.cucchi...@gmail.com>
Subject Re: Struts 2.1.8 Tiles
Date Tue, 02 Nov 2010 08:50:24 GMT
As you can see struts2-tiles-plugin and struts2-core are located in
different places. So your application server loads them in two
different time:
D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\*DivorceAndEqualizationEAR*\struts2\struts2-tiles-plugin-2.1.8.1.jar;
D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\*DivorceAndEqualizationWeb*\WebContent\WEB-INF\lib\struts2-core-2.1.8.1.jar

You could see how EAR content takes precedence over WebContent.


2010/11/2 Satheesh Kannan A B <satheesh.kannan@hcl.com>:
> Hi,
>
> Am trying to use tiles in my project using struts 2.1.8, everything is working fine without
tiles. But if am configured tiles, it throwing exception as mentioned below.
>  The following jars are used.
> struts2-core-2.1.8.1, tiles-jsp-2.0.6.\, struts2-spring-plugin-2.1.8.1, struts2-testng-plugin-2.1.8.1,
struts2-tiles-plugin-2.1.8.1, testng-5.1, tiles-api-2.0.6, tiles-core-2.0.6, xwork-core-2.1.6,
antlr-2.7.2, dwr-1.1.1, ognl-2.7.3
> And the stack trace am getting is given below. Please suggest me to resolve this.
>
> [11/2/10 12:00:44:921 IST] 00000063 XmlConfigurat I com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger
info Parsing configuration file [struts-default.xml]
> [11/2/10 12:00:45:140 IST] 00000063 XmlConfigurat I com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger
info Parsing configuration file [struts-plugin.xml]
> [11/2/10 12:00:45:186 IST] 00000063 XmlConfigurat I com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger
info Parsing configuration file [struts.xml]
> [11/2/10 12:00:45:218 IST] 00000063 BeanSelection I com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger
info Loading global messages from com.aegon.de.web.resources.deresources
> [11/2/10 12:00:45:515 IST] 00000063 StrutsSpringO I com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger
info Initializing Struts-Spring integration...
> [11/2/10 12:00:45:530 IST] 00000063 SpringObjectF I com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger
info Setting autowire strategy to name
> [11/2/10 12:00:45:546 IST] 00000063 StrutsSpringO I com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger
info ... initialized Struts-Spring integration successfully
> [11/2/10 12:00:47:061 IST] 00000063 XmlConfigurat W com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger
warn Result class [org.apache.struts2.views.tiles.TilesResult] doesn't exist (NoClassDefFoundError)
at result-type - wsjar:file:/D:/Official/PROJECTS/D&E/Source/DivorceAndEqualizationEAR/struts2/struts2-tiles-plugin-2.1.8.1.jar!/struts-plugin.xml:31:91,
ignoring
>                                 java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: Error
while defining class: org.apache.struts2.views.tiles.TilesResult
> This error indicates that the class: org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ServletDispatcherResult
> could not be located while defining the class: org.apache.struts2.views.tiles.TilesResult
> This is often caused by having the class at a higher point in the classloader hierarchy
> Dumping the current context classloader hierarchy:
>    ==> indicates defining classloader
>    *** indicates classloader where the missing class could have been found
> ***[0]
> com.ibm.ws.classloader.CompoundClassLoader@58505850
>   Local ClassPath: D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationWeb\WebContent\WEB-INF\classes;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationWeb\WebContent\WEB-INF\lib\struts2-core-2.1.8.1.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationWeb\WebContent\WEB-INF\lib\tiles-jsp-2.0.6.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationModel\bin;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationClient\bin;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationCommon\bin;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationDataService\bin;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationService\bin;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationWeb\WebContent
>   Delegation Mode: PARENT_FIRST
> ==>[1] com.ibm.ws.classloader.JarClassLoader@376968824 Local Classpath: D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\logging\log4j-1.2.16.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\sso\castor-0.9.5.3.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\sso\xerces.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\sso\jdbc-se2.0.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\sso\jndi.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\sso\jta1.0.1.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\sso\ssoclientlib.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\sso\castor-0.9.5.3-xml.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\commons\commons-lang-2.3.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\commons\commons-beanutils-1.8.2.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\commons\commons-collections-3.2.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\commons\commons-digester-2.0.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\commons\commons-io-1.4.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\commons\commons-validator-1.3.1.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\spring\org.springframework.aop-3.0.3.RELEASE.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\spring\org.springframework.asm-3.0.3.RELEASE.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\spring\org.springframework.beans-3.0.3.RELEASE.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\spring\org.springframework.context-3.0.3.RELEASE.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\spring\org.springframework.core-3.0.3.RELEASE.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\spring\org.springframework.expression-3.0.3.RELEASE.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\spring\org.springframework.instrument-3.0.3.RELEASE.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\spring\org.springframework.jdbc-3.0.3.RELEASE.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\spring\org.springframework.web-3.0.3.RELEASE.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\antlr-2.7.2.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\dwr-1.1.1.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\freemarker-2.3.15.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\oro-2.0.8.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\sitemesh-2.4.2.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\testng-5.1.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\util\asm-1.5.3.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\util\cglib-2.1_3.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\util\cos.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\util\js.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\util\xbean.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\util\javassist.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\ognl-2.7.3.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\struts2-junit-plugin-2.1.8.1.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\struts2-spring-plugin-2.1.8.1.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\struts2-testng-plugin-2.1.8.1.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\xwork-core-2.1.6.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\struts2-tiles-plugin-2.1.8.1.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\tiles-api-2.0.6.jar;D:\Official\PROJECTS\D&E\Source\DivorceAndEqualizationEAR\struts2\tiles-core-2.0.6.jar
Delegation mode: PARENT_FIRST
>   [2] com.ibm.ws.classloader.ProtectionClassLoader@1e401e4
>   [3] com.ibm.ws.bootstrap.ExtClassLoader@5ac45ac4
>   [4] org.eclipse.osgi.framework.adaptor.core.CDSBundleClassLoader@16d016d0
>   [5] sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader@2d8a2d8a
>   [6] sun.misc.Launcher$ExtClassLoader@41d641d6
> ---Original exception---
> java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ServletDispatcherResult
>      at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClassImpl(Native Method)
>      at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(ClassLoader.java:222)
>      at java.security.SecureClassLoader.defineClass(SecureClassLoader.java:148)
>      at com.ibm.ws.classloader.CompoundClassLoader._defineClass(CompoundClassLoader.java:526)
>      at com.ibm.ws.classloader.CompoundClassLoader.findClass(CompoundClassLoader.java:477)
>      at com.ibm.ws.classloader.CompoundClassLoader.loadClass(CompoundClassLoader.java:373)
>      at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:561)
>      at com.ibm.ws.classloader.ReloadableClassLoader.loadClass(ReloadableClassLoader.java:124)
>      at com.ibm.ws.classloader.CompoundClassLoader.loadClass(CompoundClassLoader.java:368)
>      at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:561)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.ClassLoaderUtil.loadClass(ClassLoaderUtil.java:138)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.ObjectFactory.getClassInstance(ObjectFactory.java:96)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.spring.SpringObjectFactory.getClassInstance(SpringObjectFactory.java:212)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyResultType(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:519)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addResultTypes(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:490)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:446)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:264)
>      at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:111)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:193)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:55)
>      at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:374)
>      at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:418)
>      at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.FilterDispatcher.init(FilterDispatcher.java:190)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.FilterInstanceWrapper.init(FilterInstanceWrapper.java:142)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager._loadFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:438)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.loadFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:352)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.getFilterInstanceWrapper(WebAppFilterManager.java:214)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.getFilterChain(WebAppFilterManager.java:272)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.doFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:661)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.doFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:646)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.extension.DefaultExtensionProcessor.invokeFilters(DefaultExtensionProcessor.java:628)
>      at com.ibm.ws.wswebcontainer.extension.DefaultExtensionProcessor.invokeFilters(DefaultExtensionProcessor.java:145)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.extension.DefaultExtensionProcessor.handleRequest(DefaultExtensionProcessor.java:595)
>      at com.ibm.ws.wswebcontainer.extension.DefaultExtensionProcessor.handleRequest(DefaultExtensionProcessor.java:111)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebApp.handleRequest(WebApp.java:3129)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebGroup.handleRequest(WebGroup.java:238)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.WebContainer.handleRequest(WebContainer.java:811)
>      at com.ibm.ws.wswebcontainer.WebContainer.handleRequest(WebContainer.java:1433)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.channel.WCChannelLink.ready(WCChannelLink.java:93)
>      at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleDiscrimination(HttpInboundLink.java:465)
>      at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleNewInformation(HttpInboundLink.java:394)
>      at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.ready(HttpInboundLink.java:274)
>      at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.sendToDiscriminators(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:214)
>      at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.complete(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:113)
>      at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.AioReadCompletionListener.futureCompleted(AioReadCompletionListener.java:152)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.AbstractAsyncFuture.invokeCallback(AbstractAsyncFuture.java:213)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.AbstractAsyncFuture.fireCompletionActions(AbstractAsyncFuture.java:195)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.AsyncFuture.completed(AsyncFuture.java:136)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.complete(ResultHandler.java:194)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.runEventProcessingLoop(ResultHandler.java:741)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler$2.run(ResultHandler.java:863)
>      at com.ibm.ws.util.ThreadPool$Worker.run(ThreadPool.java:1510)
>
> --- end Original exception----
>
>      at com.ibm.ws.classloader.CompoundClassLoader._defineClass(CompoundClassLoader.java:555)
>      at com.ibm.ws.classloader.CompoundClassLoader.findClass(CompoundClassLoader.java:477)
>      at com.ibm.ws.classloader.CompoundClassLoader.loadClass(CompoundClassLoader.java:373)
>      at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:561)
>      at com.ibm.ws.classloader.ReloadableClassLoader.loadClass(ReloadableClassLoader.java:124)
>      at com.ibm.ws.classloader.CompoundClassLoader.loadClass(CompoundClassLoader.java:368)
>      at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:561)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.ClassLoaderUtil.loadClass(ClassLoaderUtil.java:138)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.ObjectFactory.getClassInstance(ObjectFactory.java:96)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.spring.SpringObjectFactory.getClassInstance(SpringObjectFactory.java:212)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.verifyResultType(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:519)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addResultTypes(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:490)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.addPackage(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:446)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.providers.XmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(XmlConfigurationProvider.java:264)
>      at org.apache.struts2.config.StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.loadPackages(StrutsXmlConfigurationProvider.java:111)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.impl.DefaultConfiguration.reloadContainer(DefaultConfiguration.java:193)
>      at com.opensymphony.xwork2.config.ConfigurationManager.getConfiguration(ConfigurationManager.java:55)
>      at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init_PreloadConfiguration(Dispatcher.java:374)
>      at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.Dispatcher.init(Dispatcher.java:418)
>      at org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.FilterDispatcher.init(FilterDispatcher.java:190)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.FilterInstanceWrapper.init(FilterInstanceWrapper.java:142)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager._loadFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:438)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.loadFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:352)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.getFilterInstanceWrapper(WebAppFilterManager.java:214)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.getFilterChain(WebAppFilterManager.java:272)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.doFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:661)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.filter.WebAppFilterManager.doFilter(WebAppFilterManager.java:646)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.extension.DefaultExtensionProcessor.invokeFilters(DefaultExtensionProcessor.java:628)
>      at com.ibm.ws.wswebcontainer.extension.DefaultExtensionProcessor.invokeFilters(DefaultExtensionProcessor.java:145)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.extension.DefaultExtensionProcessor.handleRequest(DefaultExtensionProcessor.java:595)
>      at com.ibm.ws.wswebcontainer.extension.DefaultExtensionProcessor.handleRequest(DefaultExtensionProcessor.java:111)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebApp.handleRequest(WebApp.java:3129)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.webapp.WebGroup.handleRequest(WebGroup.java:238)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.WebContainer.handleRequest(WebContainer.java:811)
>      at com.ibm.ws.wswebcontainer.WebContainer.handleRequest(WebContainer.java:1433)
>      at com.ibm.ws.webcontainer.channel.WCChannelLink.ready(WCChannelLink.java:93)
>      at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleDiscrimination(HttpInboundLink.java:465)
>      at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.handleNewInformation(HttpInboundLink.java:394)
>      at com.ibm.ws.http.channel.inbound.impl.HttpInboundLink.ready(HttpInboundLink.java:274)
>      at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.sendToDiscriminators(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:214)
>      at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.complete(NewConnectionInitialReadCallback.java:113)
>      at com.ibm.ws.tcp.channel.impl.AioReadCompletionListener.futureCompleted(AioReadCompletionListener.java:152)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.AbstractAsyncFuture.invokeCallback(AbstractAsyncFuture.java:213)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.AbstractAsyncFuture.fireCompletionActions(AbstractAsyncFuture.java:195)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.AsyncFuture.completed(AsyncFuture.java:136)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.complete(ResultHandler.java:194)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler.runEventProcessingLoop(ResultHandler.java:741)
>      at com.ibm.io.async.ResultHandler$2.run(ResultHandler.java:863)
>      at com.ibm.ws.util.ThreadPool$Worker.run(ThreadPool.java:1510)
>
> [11/2/10 12:00:47:108 IST] 00000063 XmlConfigurat W com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.commons.CommonsLogger
warn Result class [org.apache.struts2.views.tiles.TilesResult] doesn't exist (NoClassDefFoundError)
at result-type - file:/D:/Official/PROJECTS/D&E/Source/DivorceAndEqualizationWeb/WebContent/WEB-INF/classes/struts.xml:12:58,
ignoring
>                                 java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: Error
while defining class: org.apache.struts2.views.tiles.TilesResult
> This error indicates that the class: org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.ServletDispatcherResult
> could not be located while defining the class: org.apache.struts2.views.tiles.TilesResult
> This is often caused by having the class at a higher point in the classloader hierarchy
>
> Thanks  and Regards,
>
> Satheesh Kannan A B
>
>
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-- 
Maurizio Cucchiara

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