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From David Blevins <>
Subject Re: Unit testing code containing DirContext resource injection
Date Mon, 13 Jul 2009 23:15:46 GMT

On Jul 9, 2009, at 12:41 AM, Allan Lykke Christensen wrote:

> public ContentService getRepository(String jndiName) throws  
> NamingException {
>        Context ctx = new InitialContext();
>        ContentService cs = (ContentService) ctx.lookup(jndiName);
>        return cs;
> }
> In my unit test I  bind some "ContentService" objects to the  
> InitialContext
> @Test
> public void testGetRepository() {
>    Properties p = new Properties();
>    p.setProperty(Context.INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY,  
> "org.apache.openejb.client.LocalInitialContextFactory");
>    InitialContext initialContext = new InitialContext(p);
>    initialContext.bind("cs/MyObject", new ContentService("Something  
> something"));
>    ContentFacadeLocal bean = (ContentFacadeLocal)  
> getInitialContext().lookup(BEAN_INTERFACE);
>    try {
>        ContentService cs = bean.getRepository("cs/MyObject");
>        assertNotNull(cs);
>    } catch (NamingException ex) {
>        fail(ex.getMessage());
>    }
> }
> When I run the test a NamingException is thrown with the message  
> "javax.naming.NoInitialContextException: Need to specify class name  
> in environment or system property, or as an applet parameter, or in  
> an application resource file:  java.naming.factory.initial"

Hi Allen,

Hmm.. I'm not sure I know how to advise.  Binding things into JNDI and  
looking them up inside beans is definitely non-compliant and not  
portable.  It can be done in OpenEJB with certain limitations, but I  
wouldn't go there as my first choice.  How exactly do you setup and  
use this ContentService in your application when run outside OpenEJB?   
Who normally creates these ContentService objects?

In terms of simplicity, not having things injected and instead looking  
them up doesn't really change anything from a setup perspective.   
Injection is really just syntactic sugar over JNDI, a JNDI lookup is  
still done under the covers in exactly the same way as if you were to  
look it up in the bean.

Looking forward to your feedback.


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