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From Zachary Bedell <>
Subject Re: Oracle XA with different credentials fails
Date Thu, 03 Nov 2016 15:10:42 GMT
The only place I can find that would be able to wrap the XAResource is in org.apache.openejb.resource.jdbc.managed.local.ManagedConnection#newConnection().
 The assignment xaResource = xaConnection.getXAResource(); (line 186) could interpose a wrapper
or proxy.  It looks like everything that needs the xaResource including the enlistResource()
call in invoke() would get the wrapped XAResource which could like about isSameRM().

I don't see any way from ManagedConnection to access datasource properties or other attributes
that would allow triggering that behavior non-globally.  Neither of the standard interfaces
for XAResource nor Connection have a way to get the username of the connection without doing
reflective things on Oracle internals.

Any thoughts on where to get configuration information to control the isSameRM override?

FWIW, I cooked up a local version of geronimo-transaction based on the 3.1.3 tag with isSameRM
modified to always return false if a system property is set.  Replacing the version in TomEE
& setting the system property makes my Oracle XA connections work.


> On Nov 2, 2016, at 19:28, Romain Manni-Bucau <> wrote:
> Ji
> There is a useEqual option on the connectionmanager of the ra in geronimo
> but these datasource dont use a resource adapter so easiest solution is to
> wrap the xadatasource to have this behavior
> Le 2 nov. 2016 21:53, "Zachary Bedell" <> a écrit :
>> I ran into additional issues w/ Oracle XA datasources while figuring out
>> the JMX stats issue, but this seems distinct enough to separate into its
>> own thread.
>> Oracle's XA driver returns true to isSameRM() in oracle.jdbc.xa.OracleXAResource
>> if two XAResource's are on the same Oracle instance, even if they're using
>> different login credentials.  This seems to be a long standing
>> bug/misfeature in Oracle's JDBC driver going back to at least 2010 [
>> When using two datasources which point to the same Oracle instance but
>> have different credentials, org.apache.geronimo.transaction.manager.
>> TransactionImpl#enlistResource() tries to TMJOIN the transactions because
>> isSameRM() returns true.  This fails with  "ORA-24774: cannot switch to
>> specified transaction" (see longer stack below) if the datasources aren't
>> using the same credentials.
>> Coming from a JBoss background, there was a kludge in the JBoss datasource
>> descriptor of adding "<isSameRM-override-value>false</isSameRM-override-value>"
>> which forced it to always assume isSameRM=false without actually calling
>> the underlying XAResource's implementation.  This assumed two Oracle
>> datasources were on different transaction managers and ran them with
>> two-phase commit instead of trying to TMJOIN them.  There was a performance
>> hit in cases where the credentials were the same AND the connections were
>> on the same instance, but it at least didn't fail outright.
>> Looking through the source of TomEE & Geronimo-Transaction, it doesn't
>> like like there's any existing mechanism to override the "TMJOIN if
>> isSameRM=true" behavior.  This means it's not possible to include two
>> Oracle datasources on the same instance with different credentials in one
>> transaction.  It works if the creds are the same OR if the datasources are
>> on different instances.
>> I'm not sure how best to address this or whether the change ultimately
>> lies in TomEE or Geronimo-Transaction.  Our DBA's prefer one user per
>> schema and multiple connection pools, even when things are on the same
>> instance.  We can push to change that practice, but it seems like there
>> should be a way to make this case work.
>> Any thoughts?
>> Here's what the stack looks when it fails:
>> 16:32:12,206 WARN  [Transaction] Unable to enlist XAResource
>> oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CXAResource@27a7b18f, errorCode: -3
>> oracle.jdbc.xa.OracleXAException
>>        at oracle.jdbc.xa.OracleXAResource.checkError(
>>        at oracle.jdbc.xa.client.OracleXAResource.start(
>>        at org.apache.geronimo.transaction.manager.TransactionImpl.
>> enlistResource(
>>        at org.apache.openejb.resource.jdbc.managed.local.
>> ManagedConnection.invoke(
>>        at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy249.prepareStatement(Unknown Source)
>>        at ucs.util.ormap.db.JDBCClientImpl.prepareStatement(
>>        at ucs.util.ormap.db.SQLGenerator.getPreparedStatement(
>> [...]
>> Caused by: java.sql.SQLException: ORA-24774: cannot switch to specified
>> transaction
>>        at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer.processError(
>>        at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer.processError(
>>        at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIoer.processError(
>>        at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.processError(
>>        at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.receive(
>>        at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIfun.doRPC(
>>        at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CTTIOtxse.doOTXSE(
>>        at oracle.jdbc.driver.T4CXAResource.doStart(
>>        at oracle.jdbc.xa.client.OracleXAResource.start(
>>        ... 81 more
>> Best regards,
>> Zac Bedell

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