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From jftho...@apache.org
Subject svn commit: r1430372 [3/11] - /vcl/site/trunk/content/confluence_export/
Date Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:37:56 GMT
Added: vcl/site/trunk/content/confluence_export/automated-installation-of-vcl.mdtext
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/vcl/site/trunk/content/confluence_export/automated-installation-of-vcl.mdtext?rev=1430372&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- vcl/site/trunk/content/confluence_export/automated-installation-of-vcl.mdtext (added)
+++ vcl/site/trunk/content/confluence_export/automated-installation-of-vcl.mdtext Tue Jan  8 16:37:53 2013
@@ -0,0 +1,1324 @@
+Title: Automated Installation of VCL
+  
+  
+
+  
+  
+
+I developed a set of scripts to automate the installation of VCL for my own
+purposes. I used the scripts in an advanced Linux class I taught at NCA&T
+as an example of scripting. Several student teams installed VCL on their
+individual servers, and the installation had to be repeated after the
+students experimented with the setup. The script made installation
+relatively quick and always consistent. The installation is basically one
+click.
+  
+  
+
+The starting point of the installation is a configured Scientific Linux 6.2
+operating system. This installation also uses scripting and a custom local
+repository I developed. The installation is either PXE or iPXE based. The
+student's starting point is an _ether-wake_ command to the target server,
+and installation is automatic from that point on. My home repository
+contains a database of configuration data for various computers of friends
+at several different geographical locations who use my repository to
+perform automated installation and configuration of LAMP servers, directory
+servers, repository servers, Plandora, Moodle, and so forth. I mirrored my
+home site at NCA&T, and added customization for some NCA&T hosts.
+
+Each student team adds their customization data, for example, host name,
+partitioning information, and application customization data. Each team
+also makes an entry in the local _dnsmasq_ TFTP/DNS/DHCP configuration.
+These one-time tasks are completed early in the semester during the study
+of enterprise configuration. This background is of interest only because my
+VCL scripts assume certain things, such as, the web directory roots for all
+named virtual hosts are in _/var/www/web_servers/_ and configuration
+snippets are in _/etc/httpd/virtual_hosts/_.
+  
+  
+
+Once the LAMP server is loaded, a team member opens Firefox and downloads
+*vcl_pre_commands_nn.sh* from the repo web server. The “nn” is
+anything, but usually a “1”, or a “2”, and forth, to access a
+unique parameters file for each unique VCL installation. If you look in the
+pre_commands script, you will notice the number is just used to append to
+the filename *vcl_parameters_nn.sh*. In the scripts below, I used "13",
+since the particular target host name was "burton-research-13". Before
+starting installation, the students make a one-time instance of both the
+vcl_pre_commands file and the vcl_parameters file customized for their
+team. That is, each team could represent a different institution seeking to
+create a VCL cloud. If you look in these files, you will see the only real
+task is to set the host name of the target server to agree with the DHCP
+hostname assignment. Of course, you can vary every parameter, but since
+this is a student lab, all teams used my default settings for digital
+certificates and so forth. If you use the scripts for your own institution,
+you will wish to change additional settings to reflect your institution's
+name and login credentials. The parameters.sh file is \-\- at least to me
+\-\- documented and straightforward. I kept the students confined to a
+private LAN without outside access, so *{_}{+}we used weak
+passwords{+}{_}*. Please, use a strong password for any system with access
+from the Internet. Once the pre-commands file is downloaded, the students
+make the file executable, the run the script. About 30 minutes later, VCL
+installation is complete. Packages are installed using _yum_ (see
+*vcl_packages.sh*), and all source tarballs are downloaded directly from
+the VCL site. The main script, *install_vcl.sh*, incorporates several
+modifications to the current VCL installation instructions. Notable areas
+are sourcing the MySQL database structure, dynamically modifying the VCL
+perl script to remove Linux package installation and perl interaction, use
+of SL 6.2, and rearranging the order of installation to complete all
+package installation in one place. The use of explicit yum package
+installation will allow me to copy *vcl_packages.sh* almost directly into
+RPM requires statements. I did not use an RPM for my students because I
+wanted the students to explore and experiment with the scripts.
+  
+  
+
+<a name="AutomatedInstallationofVCL-Sowhatisa“complete”VCLinstallation?"></a>
+### So what is a “complete” VCL installation?
+
+In this case, it means everything required to install and configure the VCL
+web front end and the VCL management node is completed automatically. The
+script automatically launches Firefox to the VCL web interface and lists
+the few steps that must be completed through the web interface (admin
+password, initial specification of management node).
+  
+  
+
+What is not done (at this time) is the automated installation of VMware
+ESXi on the service nodes, nor the installation and configuration of XCAT.
+I expect I will just automate the XCAT installation and configuration, and
+let XCAT take care of the service node installation and management, since
+this will provide an arbitrarily large cloud. For my class, we just
+installed VMware ESXi manually on a service node.
+  
+  
+
+Images can be&nbsp; copied manually, of course, but in my scheme of
+infrastructure, booting a bare metal image with a PXE boot to my repository
+automatically builds Linux images. I expect XCAT can be persuaded to do the
+same.
+  
+  
+
+<a name="AutomatedInstallationofVCL-HowcouldthesescriptshelptheVCLproject?"></a>
+### How could these scripts help the VCL project?
+
+I mentioned the automated installation in a poster session at the first ICA-CON conference hosted by IBM in April, 2012 (&nbsp;[ICA-CON](http://www.ibm.com/solutions/education/cloudacademy/us/en/cloud_academy_conference.html)
+ ). Several people expressed an interest in access to the scripts, and I
+agreed to post the scripts in support of the Apache VCL project. I suppose
+with a few tweaks the script could be embedded in a no-arch RPM (or at
+least a self-determining arch) so that those who are interested in using
+VCL, but might not have the skills or patience to wade through the
+installation, could go immediately to their own VCL cloud with a click or
+two. This could lower the barrier to entry of cloud computing, and let more
+folks get on with exploring new ways to actually *{_}use{_}* a vcl cloud.
+
+<a name="AutomatedInstallationofVCL-Thescriptsfollow:"></a>
+## The scripts follow:
+
+<a name="AutomatedInstallationofVCL-&nbsp;vcl_pre_commands_13.sh"></a>
+### &nbsp;vcl_pre_commands_13.sh
+
+
+     # Make sure time is correct, otherwise certificates will fail
+    ntpd -gq
+    service ntpd start
+    cd /root
+    wget http://linuxlab.ncat.edu/inet_boot/install_vcl.sh
+    chmod +x install_vcl.sh
+    ./install_vcl.sh "http://linuxlab.ncat.edu/inet_boot" "13"
+
+
+<a name="AutomatedInstallationofVCL-vcl_parameters_13.sh"></a>
+### vcl_parameters_13.sh
+
+
+     #
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # +
++                                                                      
+ 
+    # +
++                                                                      
+ 
+    # + + Filename:     vcl_parameters.sh
+    # + + Author:       Larry Burton
+    # + + Copyright:    Copyright 2012 Larry Burton All rights reserved.
+    # + + Revision:     20120324
+    # + +
+Description:                                                        
+ 
+    # + + A script to define paramters used to install Apache VCL
+    # + + Usage:        sourced in other files
+    # +
++                                                  
+ 
+    # +
++                                                                     
+ 
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    #
+    this_host="burton-research-13"
+    this_domain="ncat.edu"
+    #  + + + + + + + + VCL Installation paramters + + + + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    # Logging file
+    export log_file="/tmp/vcllog.log"
+    # Logging device
+    export logging="| tee $log_file"
+    # Location of the VCL source tarball
+    export source_url="http://www.apache.org/dist/incubator/vcl"
+    # VCL version
+    export vcl_version="2.2.1-incubating"
+    # tarball directory
+    export vcl_source_directory="/opt/vcl"
+    # The FQDN of the VCL Management Node (Must have valid DNS entry)
+    export vcl_management_node_name="$this_host.$this_domain"
+    # The FQDN of the VCL Management Node (Must have valid DNS entry)
+    export vcl_FQDN="$this_host.$this_domain"
+    #
+    # The architecture of this machine (for Perl download)
+    export arch='i386'
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + MySQL parameters + + + + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    # The MySQL root password
+    export mysql_password='useyourownpassword'
+    # VCL database user name
+    export vcl_mysql_user_name="vcluser"
+    # VCL database user password
+    export vcl_mysql_user_password="vcluserpassword"
+    # VCL database name
+    export vcl_database_name="vcl"
+    # $mcryptkey
+    export vcl_mcryptkey="alongpassword"
+    #vcl_pemkey
+    export vcl_pemkey="alongkey"
+    # FQDN of database server (Must have valid DNS entry)
+    export vcl_database_server_name="$this_host.$this_domain"
+    #LockerWrtUser
+    export vcl_lockerwrite_user="vcluser"
+    # LockerWrtUser password
+    export vcl_lockerwrite_user_password="vcluserpassword"
+    # MySQL server name (The name used to connect, which must match the
+    # MySQL database username. Typically, localhost unless you explicitly
+    # allow external connections to the database.
+    export vcl_mysql_server_name="localhost"
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + HTTP parameters + + + + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    export host_name="$this_host.$this_domain"
+    export search_path="$this_domain"
+    export web_virtual_hosts_directory='/etc/httpd/virtual_hosts'
+    export web_content_base='/var/www/web_servers'
+    # The VCL document root for the web server
+    export vcl_web_document_root="$web_content_base/$host_name"
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + CA Certificate Parameters + + + + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    export ca_passphrase="password"
+    #
+    export ca_starting_serial_number="100"
+    export ca_country="US"
+    export ca_state='NorthCarolina'
+    export ca_city="Greensboro"
+    export ca_org="LinuxLab"
+    export ca_ou="VirtualComputingLab"
+    export ca_common_name="$this_host.$this_domain"
+    export ca_email="super@ncat.edu"
+    # File to contain the self-signed CA certificate (which contains the public
+key)
+    export ca_certificate_file_name="$ca_common_name.cer"
+    # File to contain the unencrypted, base-64 encoded, private key
+    export
+ca_certificate_private_unencrypted_key_file_name="$ca_common_name.key"
+    # The directory in which to copy the digital certificates
+    export ca_path_to_local_certs_files="/etc/pki/tls/certs"
+    # The directory in which to copy the unencrypted private certificate key
+    export ca_path_to_local_key_files="/etc/pki/tls/private"
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + xmlrpc Parameters + + + + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    # The VCL daemon uses xmlrpc (remote procedure call) to connect to the
+    # MySQL database for doing things such as creating block reservations.
+    # A user must exist in the vcl MySQL database with privileges suitable for
+    # acccomplishing the database queries. You may use the MySQL GRANT command
+    # to create a distinct user, or you may use the default vcl user.
+    export vcl_xmlrpc_username=$vcl_mysql_user_name
+    export vcl_xmlrpc_pass=$vcl_mysql_user_password
+
+
+<a name="AutomatedInstallationofVCL-https_setup.sh"></a>
+### https_setup.sh
+
+
+     #!/bin/bash
+    #
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # +
++                                                                      
+ 
+    # +
++                                                                      
+ 
+    # + + Filename:     https_setup.sh
+    # + + Author:       Larry Burton
+    # + + Copyright:    Copyright 2012 Larry Burton All rights reserved.
+    # + + Revision:     20120324
+    # + +
+Description:                                                        
+ 
+    # + + A script to configure httpd for https
+    # + + Usage:        https_setup.sh
+    # + +               Must be run as
+root                                    
+ 
+    # +
++                                                                     
+ 
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + HTTP parameters + + + + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    
+    # Note: This script assumes httpd is already setup with Larry Burton's LAMP
+    #       RPMs. This means the virtual_hosts directory and the
+web_servers
+    #       directories are in place and the http access on port 80 is
+already
+    #       in place.
+    #
+    #       This script forces ALL HTTP access to rewrite to HTTPS. If
+you wish to
+    #       keep some HTTP access, you will have to edit the reqrite
+section to
+    #       only rewrite selected locations, eg /location, rather than /.
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + Add the https rewrite directives + + + + + + + + + + +
++
+    #
+    # ************ check for existence of cert files ***********************
+    # The line with CustomLog appears in Larry Burton's default HTTP access.
+    # Add the new location to httpd virtual host
+    #
+    sed -i -e '/CustomLog/a\ \n\
+     \
+    # \
+    <Location "/"> \
+    # Set the content to ALLOW Indexex to be displayed and to FOLLOW \
+    # symbolic links \
+    Options FollowSymLinks Indexes \
+    # \
+    # \
+    RewriteEngine On \
+    # This will enable the Rewrite capabilities \
+    # \
+    RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on \
+    # This checks to make sure the connection is not already HTTPS \
+    # \
+    RewriteRule (.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} \
+    # \
+    # This takes http request and changes hhtp to https \
+    # \
+    # \
+    </Location> \
+     \
+    ' $web_virtual_hosts_directory/$host_name.conf
+    #
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + Add the https access directives + + + + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    # The </VirtualHost> tag will be the last line of some HTTP virtual host,
+    # so we may insert the https virtual host immediately afterwards.
+    # Note the escaping of the forward slash.
+    #
+    sed -i -e '/<\/VirtualHost>/a\ \n\
+     \
+    # \
+    # Make sure httpd listens to port 443 \
+    # \
+    NameVirtualHost *:443 \
+    # \
+    # Add an HTTPS virtual host \
+    # \
+    <VirtualHost *:443> \
+     \
+    DirectoryIndex home.php \
+     \
+     \
+     \
+     \
+         ServerAdmin webmaster@'"$host_name"' \
+         DocumentRoot '"$web_content_base/$host_name"' \
+     \
+         ServerName '"$host_name"' \
+         ErrorLog logs/'"$host_name"'-error_log \
+         CustomLog logs/'"$host_name"'-access_log common \
+     \
+            SSLEngine on \
+            SSLCertificateFile
+'"$ca_path_to_local_certs_files/$ca_certificate_file_name"' \
+            SSLCertificateKeyFile
+'"$ca_path_to_local_key_files/$ca_certificate_private_unencrypted_key_file_name"'
+\
+     \
+            <Directory /'"$web_content_base/$host_name"'> \
+            AllowOverride All \
+            </Directory> \
+      \
+     \
+    <Location \/> \
+    Options FollowSymLinks Indexes \
+    </Location> \
+    # \
+    </VirtualHost> \
+    # This ends an HTTPS virtual host definition. \
+    # \
+     \
+    ' $web_virtual_hosts_directory/$host_name.conf
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + Restart -- not reload -- the httpd server + + + + + + +
++ +
+    #
+    # Retart the web server daemon:
+    /etc/init.d/httpd restart
+    #
+    # End of script
+
+
+<a name="AutomatedInstallationofVCL-vcl_packages.sh"></a>
+### vcl_packages.sh
+
+I placed the installation of required packages in a separate file to ease
+the transition of the script into an RPM.
+
+
+     #
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # +
++                                                                      
+ 
+    # +
++                                                                      
+ 
+    # + + Filename:     vcl_packages.sh
+    # + + Author:       Larry Burton
+    # + + Copyright:    Copyright 2012 Larry Burton All rights reserved.
+    # + + Revision:     20120324
+    # + +
+Description:                                                        
+ 
+    # + + A script to define paramters used to install packages used by Apache
+VCL
+    # + + Usage:        sourced in other files
+    # +
++                                                  
+ 
+    # +
++                                                                     
+ 
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + VCL Installation paramters + + + + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Installing packages used by VCL" $logging
+    /bin/echo "" $logging
+    /bin/echo "Some of these packages may already be installed, but we"
+$logging
+    /bin/echo "check them anyway to see if they need updating." $logging
+    /bin/echo "" $logging
+    #
+    # Install these packages
+    #
+    /bin/echo "httpd - Apache HTTP Server" $logging
+    yum -y install httpd
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "mod_ssl - SSL/TLS module for the Apache HTTP server" $logging
+    yum -y install mod_ssl
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "php - The PHP HTML-embedded scripting language" $logging
+    yum -y install php
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "We will not use libmcrypt - Encryption algorithms library"
+$logging
+    #yum -y install libmcrypt
+    #
+    # Required PHP Modules:
+    #
+    /bin/echo "" $logging
+    /bin/echo "We need the following PHP modules." $logging
+    /bin/echo "" $logging
+    #
+    /bin/echo "php-gd" $logging
+    yum -y install php-gd
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "php-json (required if your PHP version is 5.2 or later)"
+$logging
+    yum -y install php-json
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "We will not use php-mcrypt" $logging
+    #yum -y install php-mcrypt
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "php-mysql" $logging
+    yum -y install php-mysql
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "php-openssl" $logging
+    yum -y install php-openssl
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "php-sysvsem" $logging
+    yum -y install php-sysvsem
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "php-xml" $logging
+    yum -y install php-xml
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "php-xmlrpc" $logging
+    yum -y install php-xmlrpc
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "php-ldap" $logging
+    yum -y install php-ldap
+    #
+    #
+    # Management Node packages
+    #Required Linux Packages:
+    
+    #The VCL management node daemon (vcld) requires the following Linux
+packages and Perl modules in order to run (see step 2 below for
+installation instructions):
+    
+    #
+    /bin/echo "expat - A library for parsing XML" $logging
+    yum -y install expat
+    #
+    /bin/echo "expat-devel - Libraries and include files to develop XML
+applications with expat" $logging
+    yum -y install expat-devel
+    #
+    /bin/echo "gcc - Various compilers C, C++, Objective-C, Java, ..." $logging
+    yum -y install gcc
+    #
+    /bin/echo "krb5-libs - The shared libraries used by Kerberos 5" $logging
+    yum -y install krb5-libs
+    #
+    /bin/echo "krb5-devel - Development files needed to compile Kerberos 5
+programs" $logging
+    yum -y install krb5-devel
+    #
+    /bin/echo "libxml2 - Library providing XML and HTML support" $logging
+    yum -y install libxml2
+    #
+    /bin/echo "libxml2-devel - Libraries, includes, etc. to develop XML and
+HTML applications" $logging
+    yum -y install libxml2-devel
+    #
+    /bin/echo "mysql - MySQL client programs and shared libraries" $logging
+    yum -y install mysql
+    #
+    /bin/echo "nmap - Network exploration tool and security scanner" $logging
+    yum -y install nmap
+    #
+    /bin/echo "openssh - The OpenSSH implementation of SSH protocol versions 1
+and 2" $logging
+    yum -y install openssh
+    #
+    /bin/echo "openssl - The OpenSSL toolkit" $logging
+    yum -y install openssl
+    #
+    /bin/echo "openssl-devel - Files for development of applications which will
+use OpenSSL" $logging
+    yum -y install openssl-devel
+    #
+    /bin/echo "perl - The Perl programming language" $logging
+    yum -y install perl
+    #
+    /bin/echo "perl-DBD-MySQL - A MySQL interface for perl" $logging
+    yum -y install perl-DBD-MySQL
+    #
+    #          ------------------------- /bin/echo "xmlsec1-openssl -
+OpenSSL crypto plugin for XML Security Library" $logging
+    #          ------------------------- yum -y install
+xmlsec1-openssl
+    #
+    #
+    #
+    if [ $arch == "i386" ]
+    then
+    perlarch="i686"
+    else
+    perlarch="x86_64"
+    fi
+    /bin/echo "Perl Architecture for download is $perlarch" $logging
+    wget
+ftp://rpmfind.net/linux/epel/beta/6/$arch/xmlsec1-1.2.16-2.el6.$perlarch.rpm
+    yum -y install xmlsec1-1.2.16-2.el6.$perlarch.rpm
+    #
+    #
+    #wget
+ftp://rpmfind.net/linux/epel/beta/6/x86_64/xmlsec1-1.2.16-2.el6.x86_64.rpm
+    #yum -y install xmlsec1-1.2.16-2.el6.x86_64.rpm
+    #
+    #wget
+http://rpmfind.net/linux/epel/beta/6/i386/xmlsec1-1.2.16-2.el6.i686.rpm
+    #yum -y install xmlsec1-1.2.16-2.el6.i686.rpm
+
+
+<a name="AutomatedInstallationofVCL-create_a_new_self_signed_certificate.sh"></a>
+### create_a_new_self_signed_certificate.sh
+
+
+
+
+
+     #!/bin/bash
+    #
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # +
++                                                                      
+ 
+    # +
++                                                                      
+ 
+    # + + Filename:     create_new_self-signed_ca.sh
+    # + + Author:       Larry Burton
+    # + + Copyright:    Copyright 2012 Larry Burton All rights reserved.
+    # + + Revision:     20120324
+    # + +
+Description:                                                        
+ 
+    # + + A script to create a new self-signed digital certificate
+    # + + Usage:        create_new_self-signed_ca.sh
+    # + +                                  
+    # +
++                                                                     
+ 
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    #
+    #
+    # This script will create a new self-signed Certificate Authority (CA)
+    # digital certificate. The CA certificate can be posted on a web server for
+    # the public to download in order to verify digital certificates signed by
+    # this CA certificate.
+    #
+    # When creating the CA, we will NOT ENCRYPT the private key because we wish
+    # to store the unencrypted private key on a server for access by software
+    # such as httpd. If we encrypted the private key, we would have to type in
+the
+    # passphrase every time the software needed to use the key. The "-nodes"
+    # option specifies no encryption.
+    
+    # Prepare subject text
+    # If you have a problem
+    ca_subj=/C=$ca_country/ST=$ca_state/O=$ca_org/localityName=$ca_city/commonName=$ca_common_name/organizationalUnitName=$ca_ou/emailAddress=$ca_email
+    #
+    echo "The subject text is:"
+    echo "$ca_subj"
+    #
+    # Create the self-signed certificate
+    #    PEM format is default, but specify it to make sure we do not have
+DER format
+    openssl req -x509 \
+        -nodes \
+        -keyform PEM \
+        -inform PEM \
+        -outform PEM \
+        -days 3650 \
+        -newkey rsa:2048 \
+        -set_serial $ca_starting_serial_number \
+        -batch \
+        -subj "$ca_subj" \
+        -keyout $ca_certificate_private_unencrypted_key_file_name \
+        -out $ca_certificate_file_name \
+        -passin pass:$ca_passphrase
+    #
+    # Self-signed certificate is complete
+    /bin/echo "Here is the unencrypted private key stored in
+$ca_certificate_private_unencrypted_key_file_name:"
+    cat $ca_certificate_private_unencrypted_key_file_name
+    /bin/echo "Here is the self-signed Certificate Authority certificate stored
+in $ca_certificate_file_name:"
+    cat $ca_certificate_file_name
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Here is the information contained in the self-signed CA
+certificate:"
+    openssl x509 -text -in $ca_certificate_file_name
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + Copy Cert and Key to local directory + + + + + + + + +
++ + +
+    #
+    mkdir -p $ca_path_to_local_certs_files
+    mkdir -p $ca_path_to_local_key_files
+    cp $ca_certificate_file_name
+$ca_path_to_local_certs_files/$ca_certificate_file_name
+    cp $ca_certificate_private_unencrypted_key_file_name
+$ca_path_to_local_key_files/$ca_certificate_private_unencrypted_key_file_name
+    #
+    /bin/echo "The CA certificate has been copied to
+$ca_path_to_local_certs_files"
+    /bin/echo "The CA unecrypted private key has been copied to
+$ca_path_to_local_key_files"
+    # end of script
+
+
+<a name="AutomatedInstallationofVCL-install_vcl.sh"></a>
+### install_vcl.sh
+
+
+     #!/bin/bash
+    #
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # +
++                                                                      
+ 
+    # +
++                                                                      
+ 
+    # + + Filename:     install_vcl.sh
+    # + + Author:       Larry Burton
+    # + + Copyright:    Copyright 2012 Larry Burton All rights reserved.
+    # + + Revision:     20120324
+    # + +
+Description:                                                        
+ 
+    # + + A script to install Apache VCL on a LAMP server
+    # + + Usage:        install_vcl.sh repo_url host
+    # + + Example:      install_vcl.sh
+"http://linuxlab.ncat.edu/inet_boot" "1"
+    # + +               Must be run as root    
+    # + +               The second parameter is appended to the
+parameters filename
+    # + +                  to allow multiple different VCL
+installations to use the same script
+    # + +               The target server, which is the computer
+upon which this
+    # + +               script is executing, must have:
+    # + +                  Internet access and must
+    # + +                  A valid forward and reverse DNS
+entry
+    # + +                  Access to a valid DS server
+    # + +                  Access to a valid DHCP
+server                                  
+    # +
++                                                                     
+ 
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    # + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    #
+    repo_url=$1
+    target_host=$2
+    #
+    mkdir -p /tmp/install
+    #
+    # Get installation parameters
+    wget --no-host-directories --output-document="/tmp/install/vcl_parameters"
+$repo_url/vcl_parameters_$target_host.sh
+    #
+    # All the host paramters are now in /tmp/install/host_parameters
+    #
+    # Source the customization variables
+    . /tmp/install/vcl_parameters
+    /bin/echo "Following are the VCL installation parameters" $logging
+    cat /tmp/install/vcl_parameters
+    #
+    #
+    # Use yum to install the necessary repository packages
+    wget --no-host-directories --output-document="/tmp/install/vcl_packages"
+$repo_url/vcl_packages.sh
+    . /tmp/install/vcl_packages
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + Start the VCL Installation + + + + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    # The starting point is an installed and hardened LAMP server created by
+    # Larry Burton's RPMs
+    #
+    # Create the VCL source code directory
+    /bin/echo "Creating VCL source code directory as $vcl_source_directory"
+$logging
+    mkdir -p $vcl_source_directory
+    # Change the working directory to the source code directory
+    /bin/echo "Changing working directory to source code directory" $logging
+    pushd $vcl_source_directory
+    # Download & Extract the Apache VCL Source
+    /bin/echo "Downloading the VCL source tarball from $source_url" $logging
+    wget $source_url/apache-VCL-$vcl_version.tar.bz2
+    # Extract the files
+    /bin/echo "Extracting the VCL source tarball" $logging
+    tar -jxvf apache-VCL-2.2.1-incubating.tar.bz2
+    #
+    # Configure MySQL for VCL (MySQL is already installed and configured by
+LAMP)
+    #
+    # Make sure the firewall on the database server is configured to allow
+    # traffic from the web server and management node servers to connect to
+    # the MySQL daemon TCP port: 3306.  See the firewall documentation for
+    # more information.
+    #
+    # Create a VCL database
+    /bin/echo "Creating VCL database" $logging
+    
+    #mysql --user=root --password=$mysql_password -e 'DROP DATABASE vcl;'
+    mysql --user=root --password=$mysql_password -e 'CREATE DATABASE vcl; USE
+vcl; source apache-VCL-2.2.1-incubating/mysql/vcl.sql; SHOW TABLES;'
+    
+    
+    mysql --user=root --password=$mysql_password -e "GRANT
+SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,CREATE TEMPORARY TABLES ON vcl.* TO
+'$vcl_mysql_user_name'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY
+'$vcl_mysql_user_password';"
+    
+    mysql --user=root --password=$mysql_password -e "USE mysql; SELECT * FROM
+user WHERE User='vcluser';"
+    
+    
+    # Create the VCL user for the MySQL database
+    # Note this user is created with access from the localhost only since the
+    # database server is assumed to be on the same physical machine as the vcl
+daemon
+    
+    /bin/echo "These are the tables in the VCL database:" $logging
+    mysql --user=root --password=$mysql_password -e "USE vcl;SHOW TABLES;"
+    #
+    # At this point, VCL support in MySQL is complete
+    /bin/echo "" $logging
+    #
+    /bin/echo "MySQL configuration for VCL complete" $logging
+    /bin/echo "" $logging
+    #
+    #  NOTE ----------- Change http.conf document root to correct document
+root
+    sed -i -e "s:DocumentRoot \"/var/www/html\":DocumentRoot
+\"$web_content_base/$vcl_FQDN\":g" /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + Set up Apache httpd for https + + + + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Creating digital certificates for web server" $logging
+    # Download and run the https configuration script
+    wget --no-host-directories
+--output-document="/tmp/install/create_new_self-signed_ca.sh"
+$repo_url/create_new_self-signed_ca.sh
+    sh /tmp/install/create_new_self-signed_ca.sh
+    
+    #
+    # Note: The certificates must be in place before trying to start https
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Beginning httpd configuration for VCL" $logging
+    # Download and run the https configuration script
+    wget --no-host-directories --output-document="/tmp/install/https_setup.sh"
+$repo_url/https_setup.sh
+    sh /tmp/install/https_setup.sh
+    #
+    # At this point, VCL support in httpd is complete
+    /bin/echo "" $logging
+    /bin/echo "httpd configuration for VCL complete" $logging
+    /bin/echo "" $logging
+    #
+    
+    #4. If SELinux is enabled, run the following command to allow the web
+server to connect to the database:
+    #/usr/sbin/setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect=1
+    #5. If the iptables firewall is being used, port 80 and 443 should be
+opened up:
+    #vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
+    #
+    #-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
+    #-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
+    #service iptables restart
+    #
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + + + + + + + Install the VCL Frontend Web Code + + + + + + + + + + +
++
+    #
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Beginning VCL Frontend Web Code Installation" $logging
+    #
+    # Copy the web directory to a location under the web root of your web
+server
+    # and navigate to the destination .ht-inc subdirectory
+    # Create the VCL web server document root directory
+    mkdir -p $vcl_web_document_root
+    # Copy the VCL web documents to the VCL web server document root
+    cp -r apache-VCL-$vcl_version/web/ $vcl_web_document_root/vcl
+    # Change the working directory to the web server document root patch file
+directory
+    pushd $vcl_web_document_root/vcl/.ht-inc
+    # Apply patch to fix editing reservations
+    wget
+https://issues.apache.org/jira/secure/attachment/12477101/utils_virtual_undefined.patch
+    patch < utils_virtual_undefined.patch
+    # Apply patch to fix processing of block allocations
+    wget
+https://issues.apache.org/jira/secure/attachment/12485328/vmhostcheck_fix.patch
+    patch < vmhostcheck_fix.patch
+    #
+    # Configure the PHP secrets file
+    #
+    
+    # Copy secrets-default.php to secrets.php:
+    cp secrets-default.php secrets.php
+    # Edit the secrets.php file
+    /bin/echo "Editing the PHP secrets.php file" $logging
+    # Set the VCL hostname
+    ####### default is ok sed -i -e "s/\$vclhost = 'localhost'; # name of mysql
+server/###\$vclhost = 'localhost'; # name of mysql server/g" \
+    ####### default is ok        -e "/\$vclhost = 'localhost'; # name of
+mysql server/a\ \n\
+    ####### default is ok ####### default is ok \$vclhost = '$host_name'; #
+name of mysql server/
+    ####### default is ok  \
+    ####### default is ok " \
+    ####### default is ok secrets.php
+    #
+    # Set the VCL database name
+    ####### default is ok sed -i -e "s/\$vcldb = 'vcl';         # name
+of mysql database/###\$vcldb = 'vcl';         # name of mysql
+database/g" \
+    ####### default is ok        -e "/\$vcldb = 'vcl';         #
+name of mysql database/a\ \n\
+    ####### default is ok \$vcldb = '$vcl_database_name';         #
+name of mysql database/
+    ####### default is ok  \
+    ####### default is ok " \
+    ####### default is ok secrets.php
+    #
+    # Set the VCL user name
+    sed -i -e "s/\$vclusername = '';      # username to access
+database/###\$vclusername = '';      # username to access database/g"
+\
+           -e "/\$vclusername = '';      # username to access
+database/a\ \n\
+    \$vclusername = '$vcl_mysql_user_name';      # username to access
+database/
+     \
+    " \
+    secrets.php
+    #
+    # Set the VCL password
+    sed -i -e "s/\$vclpassword = '';      # password to access
+database/###\$vclpassword = '';      # password to access database/g"
+\
+           -e "/\$vclpassword = '';      # password to access
+database/a\ \n\
+    \$vclpassword = '$vcl_mysql_user_password';      # password to access
+database/
+     \
+    " \
+    secrets.php
+    #
+    # Set the VCL password
+    sed -i -e "s/\$mcryptkey = '';  # random password - won't ever have to
+type it so make it long/###\$mcryptkey = '';  # random password - won't
+ever have to type it so make it long/g" \
+           -e "/\$mcryptkey = '';  # random password - won't ever have
+to type it so make it long/a\ \n\
+    \$mcryptkey = '$vcl_mcryptkey';  # random password - won't ever have to
+type it so make it long/
+     \
+    " \
+    secrets.php
+    #
+    # $mcryptiv = '12345678'; // must be 8 hex chars
+    #
+    # Set the VCL passphrase
+    sed -i -e "s/\$pemkey = ''; # random passphrase - same as given to
+genkeys.sh - should be long/###\$pemkey = ''; # random passphrase - same as
+given to genkeys.sh - should be long/g" \
+           -e "/\$pemkey = ''; # random passphrase - same as given to
+genkeys.sh - should be long/a\ \n\
+    \$pemkey = '$vcl_pemkey'; # random passphrase - same as given to genkeys.sh
+- should be long/
+     \
+    " \
+    secrets.php
+    #
+    
+    #
+    #  + + Create the public and private keys for the vcl user + + + + + + + +
++
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Creating the public and private keys for the vcl user" $logging
+    # The 2048 MUST come after the passphrase
+    
+    echo "openssl genrsa -aes256 -out keys.pem -passout pass:$vcl_pemkey 2048"
+    openssl genrsa -aes256 -out keys.pem -passout pass:$vcl_pemkey 2048
+    echo "openssl rsa -pubout -in keys.pem -out pubkey.pem -passin
+pass:$vcl_pemkey"
+    openssl rsa -pubout -in keys.pem -out pubkey.pem -passin pass:$vcl_pemkey
+    #
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + Configure the PHP conf.php + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Configuring the PHP conf.php" $logging
+    #
+    
+    # Copy conf-default.php to conf.php:
+    cp conf-default.php conf.php
+    #
+    # Modify conf.php to match your site
+    # Basically this consists of specifying the FQDN and domain name of the
+server.
+    # NOTE: use = as delimiter instead of slash to avoid escaping slashes
+    sed -i -e "s:define(\"COOKIEDOMAIN\", \".example.org\");       //
+domain in which cookies are set:define(\"COOKIEDOMAIN\",
+\"$vcl_FQDN\");       // domain in which cookies are set:g" conf.php
+    sed -i -e "s=define(\"BASEURL\",
+\"https:\/\/vcl.example.org\");=define(\"BASEURL\",
+\"https:\/\/$vcl_FQDN/vcl\");=g" conf.php
+    sed -i -e "s=define(\"HOMEURL\",
+\"http:\/\/vcl.example.org\/\");=define(\"HOMEURL\",
+\"http:\/\/$vcl_FQDN\/vcl\/\");=g" conf.php
+    sed -i -e "s=vcl.example.org=$vcl_FQDN=g" conf.php
+    sed -i -e "s=example.org=$search_path=g" conf.php
+    # Did not set timezone
+    #
+    #  
+    #
+    #
+    # Set the owner of the .ht-inc/maintenance directory to the web server user
+(normally 'apache'):
+    chown apache maintenance
+    #
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + Install phpseclib and apply a patch to remove the requirement of
+having mcrypt installed + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    # Optionally, you can install phpseclib and apply a patch to remove the
+requirement of having mcrypt installed
+    /bin/echo "Patching to remove the mcrypt dependency" $logging
+    #Here are the steps to remove the dependency:
+    #Download phpseclib to /tmp (version 0.2.2 was used for testing)
+    pushd /tmp
+    wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/phpseclib/phpseclib0.2.2.zip
+    #Create a directory named phpseclib in your .ht-inc directory
+    mkdir $vcl_web_document_root/vcl/.ht-inc/phpseclib
+    #unzip phpseclib in the phpseclib directory
+    pushd $vcl_web_document_root/vcl/.ht-inc/phpseclib
+    unzip /tmp/phpseclib0.2.2.zip
+    #Download no_mcrypt.patch to your .ht-inc directory
+    pushd $vcl_web_document_root/vcl/.ht-inc
+    wget http://people.apache.org/~jfthomps/no_mcrypt.patch
+    #Apply the patch
+    patch < no_mcrypt.patch
+    #
+    /bin/echo "The VCL web server is now set up" $logging
+    #
+    #
+    #
+    # Test the webserver
+    # Open the testsetup.php page in a web browser
+    firefox https://$host_name/vcl/testsetup.php &
+    
+    # ---------------------------- Must manually use web interface to setup
+management node !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
+    # Right now, before completing remaining steps
+    # It is easier to just let the script run, then use the web interface, and
+then restart vcld
+    
+    pushd $vcl_web_document_root/vcl/.ht-inc
+    
+    
+    #
+    # At this point, the VCL webserver is configured
+    #
+    #
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + Install the Management Node + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Installing VCL Management Node" $logging
+    popd
+    popd
+    popd
+    cd
+    # Change the working directory to the source code directory
+    /bin/echo "Changing working directory to source code directory" $logging
+    pushd $vcl_source_directory
+    #
+    cp -r apache-VCL-2.2.1-incubating/managementnode /usr/local/vcl
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Installing perl modules" $logging
+    # Skip the Linux package installation in the perl script and say YES
+    sed -i -e "s=install_linux_packages();=###install_linux_packages()=g"
+/usr/local/vcl/bin/install_perl_libs.pl
+    sed -i -e "s:my \$input = <>;:my \$input = 'YES';:g"
+/usr/local/vcl/bin/install_perl_libs.pl
+    #sed -i -e "s=my @ERRORS;=###my @ERRORS;=g"
+/usr/local/vcl/bin/install_perl_libs.pl
+    
+    
+    # Now install the perl modules
+    perl /usr/local/vcl/bin/install_perl_libs.pl
+    #
+    #  + + Configure vcld.conf + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Configuring /etc/vcld.conf" $logging
+    #Create the */etc/vcl* directory:
+    mkdir /etc/vcl
+    #Copy the stock *vcld.conf* file to */etc/vcl*:
+    cp /usr/local/vcl/etc/vcl/vcld.conf /etc/vcl
+    #Edit */etc/vcl/vcld.conf*:
+    #
+    vcl_conf_file="/etc/vcl/vcld.conf"
+    #
+    echo $vcl_management_node_name
+    # You can use any delimiter you like in an address by prepending a \ i.e.
+\|...| for the substitute command the \ is not necessary.
+    #
+    # Set the FQDN for the management server (vcld)
+    sed -i -e "s/FQDN=/###FQDN=/g" \
+           -e "/###FQDN=/a \
+    FQDN=$vcl_management_node_name
+     \
+    " \
+    $vcl_conf_file
+    #
+    #
+    # Set the MySQL database name for the management server (vcld)
+    sed -i -e "s/database=vcl/###database=vcl/g" \
+           -e "/##database=vcl/a \
+    database=$vcl_database_name
+     \
+    " \
+    $vcl_conf_file
+    #
+    # Set the MySQL database name for the management server (vcld)
+    sed -i -e "s/server=/###server=/g" \
+           -e "/###server=/a \
+    server=$vcl_mysql_server_name
+     \
+    " \
+    $vcl_conf_file
+    #
+    # Set the MySQL database name for the management server (vcld)
+    sed -i -e "s/LockerWrtUser=vcl-wr/###LockerWrtUser=vcl-wr/g" \
+           -e "/###LockerWrtUser=vcl-wr/a \
+    LockerWrtUser=$vcl_mysql_user_name
+     \
+    " \
+    $vcl_conf_file
+    #
+    # Set the MySQL database name for the management server (vcld)
+    sed -i -e "s/wrtPass=/###wrtPass=/g" \
+           -e "/###wrtPass=/a \
+    wrtPass=$vcl_mysql_user_password
+     \
+    " \
+    $vcl_conf_file
+    #
+    #
+    # Set the MySQL database name for the management server (vcld)
+    sed -i -e "s/xmlrpc_username=vclsystem/###xmlrpc_username=vclsystem/g" \
+           -e "/###xmlrpc_username=vclsystem/a \
+    xmlrpc_username=$vcl_mysql_user_name
+     \
+    " \
+    $vcl_conf_file
+    #
+    # Set the MySQL database name for the management server (vcld)
+    sed -i -e "s/xmlrpc_pass=insecureDefault/###xmlrpc_pass=insecureDefault/g"
+\
+           -e "/###xmlrpc_pass=insecureDefault/a \
+    xmlrpc_pass=$vcl_mysql_user_password
+     \
+    " \
+    $vcl_conf_file
+    #
+    #
+    # Set the MySQL database name for the management server (vcld)
+    sed -i -e "s/xmlrpc_url=/###xmlrpc_url=/g" \
+           -e "/###xmlrpc_url=/a \
+    xmlrpc_url=https:\/\/$vcl_management_node_name\/vcl\/index.php\?mode=xmlrpccall
+     \
+    " \
+    $vcl_conf_file
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + Configure the SSH Client + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Configuring SSH Client" $logging
+    #
+    # Locate the UserKnownHostsFile and StrictHostKeyChecking lines and change
+them to the following:
+    # Note: These lines may not exist, so just comment them out if they do
+exist
+    #       and add the new lines at the end of the file.
+    sed -i -e "s/UserKnownHostsFile/###UserKnownHostsFile/g" \
+           -e "$ a\ \n\
+    UserKnownHostsFile \/dev\/null
+     \
+    " \
+    /etc/ssh/ssh_config
+    #
+    sed -i -e "s/StrictHostKeyChecking/###StrictHostKeyChecking/g" \
+           -e "$ a\ \n\
+    StrictHostKeyChecking no
+     \
+    " \
+    /etc/ssh/ssh_config
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + Install and Start the VCL Daemon (vcld) Service + + + + + + + + +
+    #
+    /bin/echo "Install and Start the VCL Daemon (vcld) Service" $logging
+    #
+    # Copy the vcld service script to /etc/init.d and name it vcld:
+    cp /usr/local/vcl/bin/S99vcld.linux /etc/init.d/vcld
+    # Add the vcld service using chkconfig:
+    /sbin/chkconfig --add vcld
+    # Configure the vcld service to automatically run at runtime levels 3-5:
+    /sbin/chkconfig --level 345 vcld on
+    # Start the vcld service:
+    /sbin/service vcld start
+    #
+    #       You should see output similar to the following:
+    #
+    #       Starting vcld daemon:
+    #      
+============================================================================
+    #       VCL Management Node Daemon (vcld) | 2011-03-15 10:23:04
+    #      
+============================================================================
+    #       bin path:      /usr/local/vcl/bin
+    #       config file:   /etc/vcl/vcld.conf
+    #       log file:      /var/log/vcld.log
+    #       pid file:      /var/run/vcld.pid
+    #       daemon mode:   1
+    #       setup mode:    0
+    #       verbose mode:  1
+    #      
+============================================================================
+    #       Created VCL daemon process: 8465
+    #                                                                  [  OK  ]
+    #
+    # The vcld service can also be started by running the service script
+directly: /etc/init.d/vcld start
+    # Check the vcld service by monitoring the vcld.log file:
+    tail -f /var/log/vcld.log
+    #
+    # You should see the following being added to the log file every few
+seconds if
+    # the management node is checking in with the database:
+    #
+    #       2009-06-16 16:57:15|15792|vcld:main(165)|lastcheckin time
+updated for management node 18: 2009-06-16 16:57:15
+    #
+    
+    # Print instructions for web setup
+    #
+    cat << WEBSETUP
+    
+    + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    + +  
+    + +                       VCL Web Set Up Instructions
+    + +
+    + + All VCL installation is now complete except for a few administrative
+tasks
+    + + you must complete using the VCL web-based administration tools.
+    + +
+    + + Please use a web browser to complete the following steps.
+    + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
++ +
+    
+    Step 1: Log In to the VCL Website with the following URL
+    
+            https://$vcl_FQDN/vcl/index.php
+    
+            Then select "Local Account"
+            The username is:    admin
+            The password is:    adminVc1passw0rd
+    
+            (Note: You may change the password at this time, but be
+certain to
+                   REMEMBER your new password!)
+    
+    Step 2: Click the Management Nodes link
+    
+            Click Add
+            Fill in these required fields:
+    # Owner - admin@Local
+                 Hostname = $vcl_FQDN
+                 IP address = $(hostname -i)
+                 SysAdmin Email Address = sysadmin@$search_path
+                 Install Path = /var/data
+                 End Node SSH Identity Key Files = /etc/vcl/vcl.key
+    
+            Click Confirm Management Node
+            Click Submit
+    
+    Step 3: Click the Management Nodes link
+                 ( Note: You must click the anagement Nodes link to
+get out of
+                         of the previous screen state.)
+            Select Edit Management Node Grouping
+            Click Submit
+            Select the checkbox for your management node
+            Click Submit Changes
+    
+    Congratualations! You VCL head node installation is complete!
+    
+    Now, restart the vcld daemon with the following command:
+    
+    /sbin/service vcld restart
+    
+    You may monitor vlcd with this command
+    
+    tail -f /var/log/vcld.log
+    
+    
+    WEBSETUP
+    
+    #
+    #
+    #  + + Install and Start the DHCP Service + + + + + + + + +
+    # Note: We use dnsmasq rather than dhcpd
+    #
+    exit
+    #
+    # End of script
+
+Larry Burton 3 May 2012

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+Title: Backend

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+Title: Base Image Creation
+{excerpt}These pages describe how to create base images.{excerpt}
+
+[Windows OS](vcl:create-a-windows-base-image.html)
+[Linux OS](vcl:create-a-linux-base-image.html)
+[Adding Standalone machines Lab provisioning module](vcl:lab.pm-provisioning-module.html)
+[Adding xCAT kickstart based image](adding-xcat-kickstart-based-image.html)

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+Title: Becoming a Committer
+{excerpt}This page explains the process someone must go through to become
+an official committer to Apache VCL.{excerpt}
+
+There are 4 steps you need to go through to become an official committer.
+
+1. Actively answer questions on the vcl-dev/vcl-user lists
+By answering questions on the community lists, you show an interest in the
+community. Your answers provide a metric of how well you understand VCL and
+how the Apache VCL community works.
+1. Sign an Individual Contributor License Agreement (ICLA)
+To contribute any code or documentation, you must have an ICLA on file with
+the Apache Software Foundation. More information about the ICLA is
+available on the [licenses page](http://www.apache.org/licenses/#clas)
+. Once you have done this, you should express interest on the vcl-dev list
+that you are interested in becoming a committer.
+1. [\[1\](\[1\.html)
+|Becoming a Committer#skip3] Contribute non-trivial code by attaching
+patches to JIRA issues
+Before being granted commit access to the code respository, you need to
+demonstrate some level of understanding of the code and some level of
+coding proficiency. This is done by contributing patches to JIRA issues. We
+realize "non-trivial" is a subjective term, but simple one-liner patches
+don't allow you to be evaluated at all. (Don't worry we need more
+committers; so we're not strict!)
+1. Be voted in as a new committer on the vcl-private list
+There is a private VCL list for members of the Podling Project Management
+Committee (PPMC) to discuss whether or not someone should be given the
+rights of a committer. A formal vote must happen on this list for you to be
+accepted as a committer.
+
+Once you have been accepted, your next step is to start contributing stuff!
+
+{anchor:skip3}\[1\](1\.html)
+ If you only want to contribute documentation, you can skip step #3.
+However, if you later want to start contributing code, you will still need
+to go through step #3 and have a new vote in step #4 before being granted
+commit access to the code repository.

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+Title: Board Reports
+<a name="BoardReports-BoardReportingSchedule"></a>
+## Board Reporting Schedule
+
+The Apache VCL project must submit quarterly board reports in February,
+May, August, and November.&nbsp; Reports are due the 2nd&nbsp;Wednesday of
+the month:
+* November 9, 2011
+* February 8, 2012
+* May 9, 2012
+* August 8, 2012
+
+The incubator project board reporting schedule is at:
+[http://wiki.apache.org/incubator/ReportingSchedule](http://wiki.apache.org/incubator/ReportingSchedule)
+
+
+
+
+<a name="BoardReports-ReportingGuidelines"></a>
+## Reporting Guidelines
+
+1. A community member should volunteer to make an initial draft of the board
+report a minimum of 1 week prior to the due date. Send a message to [vcl-dev@incubator.apache.org](mailto:vcl-dev@incubator.apache.org.html)
+.
+1. Create a new Confluence page which is a child of this page.&nbsp; The
+title should match&nbsp;the form of&nbsp;previous reports:
+yyyy-mm Incubator VCL Report
+1. * The first line should contain:
+VCL has been incubating since December 2008.&nbsp; VCL is a&nbsp;cloud
+computing platform for the management of physical and virtual machines.
+1. * Inlude a section with the project's top 2 or 3 issues to resolve prior
+to graduation
+1. * Include a summary of the major issues&nbsp;and developments that
+occurred since the last board report was submitted
+1. * The last line should contain:
+Signed off by mentor:
+1. * You can actually copy the last report to use as a base for the new one.
+View a previous report, and then click Info under Page Operations. Finally,
+click Copy on that page.&nbsp; Make sure to change the title of the new
+page.
+1. Send a message to&nbsp;[vcl-dev@incubator.apache.org](mailto:vcl-dev@incubator.apache.org.html)
+&nbsp;notifying the community that the report is ready to be discussed
+1. * Specify a date and time when the report will be submitted
+1. * there doesn't need to be an official vote to approve the report; if you
+don't get any feedback from anyone, consider it approved
+1. Once the community has approved the report, send a message to [vcl-dev@incubator.apache.org](mailto:vcl-dev@incubator.apache.org.html)
+1. * cc&nbsp;the project mentors asking them to review the report and
+complete the "Signed off by mentor:" line
+1. After the report is signed off by the mentor, copy the contents of the
+report to the appropriate monthy page linked from:
+  
+  

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+Title: Capture A Base Image
+<a name="CaptureABaseImage-Runvcld\-setup"></a>
+### Run vcld \-setup
+
+1. Run the following command on the management node:
+{tip}/usr/local/vcl/bin/vcld \-setup{tip}
+1. Navigate the menu options
+(Note: the names and numbers of the menu items may not match your
+installation):
+1. # {color:#808080}Select a module to configure:{color} *VCL Image State
+Module*
+1. # {color:#808080}Choose an operation:{color} *Capture Base Image*
+1. # {color:#808080}Enter the VCL login name or ID of the user who will own
+the image:{color}
+Enter your VCL user ID or the user ID of the user you want to own the
+image.&nbsp; Pressing Enter without entering a user login ID will cause
+admin to be&nbsp;the owner of the new base image.
+1. # {color:#808080}Enter the hostname or IP address of the computer to be
+captured:{color}
+Enter the name or private IP address of&nbsp;the computer which has already
+added to the VCL database.
+1. # {color:#808080}Select the OS to be captured:{color}
+{color:#888888}1. VMware Linux{color}
+{color:#888888}2. VMware Windows 2003 Server{color}
+{color:#888888}3. VMware Windows 7{color}
+{color:#888888}4. VMware Windows Server 2008{color}
+{color:#888888}5. VMware Windows Vista{color}
+{color:#888888}6. VMware Windows XP{color}
+1. # {color:#808080}Image architecture:{color}
+{color:#888888}1. x86{color}
+{color:#888888}2. x86_64{color}
+1. # {color:#808080}Use Sysprep:{color}
+{color:#888888}1. Yes{color}
+{color:#888888}2. No{color}
+Sysprep is usually&nbsp;only required if the image will be loaded on bare
+metal computers with varying different hardware.
+1. # {color:#808080}Enter the name of the image to be captured:{color}
+The name you enter is the name that will be&nbsp;displayed in the list of
+environments.&nbsp;&nbsp;It&nbsp;may contain spaces&nbsp;but including
+other&nbsp;special characters is not recommended.
+
+The following happens once you enter an image name and&nbsp;press enter:
+* A new image is added to the VCL database
+* An imaging request is added to the VCL database
+* The vcld \-setup automatically initiates 'tail \-f /var/log/vcld.log' to
+monitor the vcld log file.&nbsp;&nbsp;The output should be displayed on the
+screen.
+
+Watch the vcld logfile output to determine if the image capture process is
+successful or terminated because a problem occurred.&nbsp; When the capture
+process terminates, there will either be a message near the end of the
+output saying "image capture successful" or there will be several WARNING
+messages, the last of which says something to the effect "image failed to
+be captured".&nbsp; Further troubleshooting is required if the image fails
+to be captured.
+
+<a name="CaptureABaseImage-AddtheBaseImagetoanImageGroup"></a>
+### Add the Base Image to an Image Group
+
+The vcld \-setup utility does not add the new base image to any image
+groups.&nbsp; You must add the image to an image group using the VCL
+website after the image capture process is complete.&nbsp; Reservations for
+the image cannot be made until this is done.&nbsp; To add the image to an
+image group, browse to the VCL website and select Manage Images > Edit
+Image Grouping.

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+Title: Configuration Management
+This page describes a new configuration system that will be added to VCL
+that  can be used to dynamically configure deployed systems.
+
+<a name="ConfigurationManagement-DatabaseSchema"></a>
+## Database Schema
+
+!config_schema.jpg|thumbnail,border=1!
+config:
+* id - id of record
+* name - name of record
+* ownerid - owner of this record (reference to user.id)
+* configtypeid - type of record (reference to configtype.id)
+* data - any data associated with this (ex. puppet manifest)
+* optional - 0/1 - when this config is mapped to something, can the user 
+specify to apply it or not
+
+configtype:
+* id - id of record
+* name - name of record
+* moduleid - id of module that handles this type of record (reference to 
+module.id)initial types: puppet, subimage, shellcommand, perlfunction, 
+software
+configvariable:
+* id - id of record
+* name - name of record
+* configid - config this is associated with (reference to config.id)
+* value - default value of this variable
+* required - 0/1 - when mapped to something, is this variable always 
+applied
+* ask - 0/1 - will the user be prompted for a value for this variable, or
+will  the default value always be used
+* key - string in config.data to replace with the value of this variable
+* datatype - enum(int, multiint, string) - type of this variable so that
+the  frontend knows how to validate it
+  
+  
+There are some initial, special names:
+** subimage - used for clusters, specifies a subimage to be deployed; when 
+deployed, configinstancevariable.value will be reservation.id of the 
+subimage
+** min - used in conjunction with subimage to specify a minimum number of
+those  subimages
+** max - used in conjunction with subimage to specify a maximum number of
+those  subimages
+** runbefore - used to relate to other configs to specify that this should
+be  run before the ones specified in 'value'
+** runafter - used to relate to other configs to specify that this should
+be  run after the ones specified in 'value'
+** getdata - ??
+
+configinstance:This is similar to the config table, but is for deployed 
+systems.\* id - id of record
+* reservationid - reservation this is associated with (references 
+reservation.id)
+* configid - config entry being applied (references config.id)
+* status - new/processing/completed??
+
+configinstancevariable:This is similar to the configvariable table, but is
+for deployed  systems.\* configinstanceid - config instance this is
+associated with (references  configinstance.id)
+* configvariableid - config variable being applied (references 
+configvariable.id)
+* value - similar to configvariable.value, but can be set by user to
+different  value if configvariable.ask is set to 1
+
+configmap:This is for mapping configs to various resources or other items
+in  VCL.\* configid - config being mapped (references config.id)
+* subid - id from specific resource table (ex. image.id)
+* configmaptypeid - type of resource or other item in VCL this is mapped to
+ (references configmaptype.id)
+* affiliationid - allows configs to only be mapped for a specific
+affiliation,  use the Global affilation to map to all (references
+affiliation.id)
+* disabled - 0/1 (a little complicated, normally 0) allows exceptions to a 
+config being applied; set to 1 if a config would be mapped due to a general
+ mapping, but want to disable for a specific instance (ex. if a config is
+applied  for everything deployed by a certain provisioning module, but you
+don't want it  applied for a certain image, you would have an entry in this
+table mapping it to  the provisioning module with disabled set to 0, then
+you would also have an	entry for the image with disabled set to 1)
+* stage - start_load/post_load/(others?) which stage in the provisioning 
+process where this record should be applied
+
+configmaptype:
+* id - id of this record
+* name - name of this record
+  
+  
+Initial types:
+** image
+** OStype
+** provisioning
+
+<a name="ConfigurationManagement-Examples"></a>
+## Examples
+
+
+<a name="ConfigurationManagement-AssigningaVLANtoanimage"></a>
+### Assigning a VLAN to an image
+
+This example shows how to assign a VLAN to an image.
+
+For this example, we'll use the following values from other tables:
+* module.id for handling VLAN config type: 67
+* image.id for the image in this example: 524
+* affiliation.id for the desired affiliation: 6
+* reservation.id for the image: 2748
+* user.id that owns the configs: 54
+
+configtype:
+<table>
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th><th> moduleid </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 5 </td><td> VLAN </td><td> 67 </td></tr>
+config:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th><th> ownerid </th><th> configtypeid </th><th> data </th><th> optional </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 77 </td><td> VLAN 30 </td><td> 54 </td><td> 5 </td><td> 30 </td><td> 0 </td></tr>
+configvariable:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th><th> configid </th><th> value </th><th> required </th><th> ask </th><th> key </th><th> datatype </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 486 </td><td> VLAN </td><td> 77 </td><td> 30 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 0 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+configmaptype:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 1 </td><td> image </td></tr>
+configmap:
+<tr><th> configid </th><th> subid </th><th> configmaptypeid </th><th> affiliationid </th><th> disabled </th><th>
+stage </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 77 </td><td> 524 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 6 </td><td> 0 </td><td> post_load </td></tr>
+configinstance:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> reservationid </th><th> configid </th><th> status </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 6854 </td><td> 2748 </td><td> 77 </td><td> new </td></tr>
+configinstancevariable:
+<tr><th> configinstanceid </th><th> configvariableid </th><th> value </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 6854 </td><td> 486 </td><td> 30 </td></tr>
+</table>
+
+<a name="ConfigurationManagement-Hadoopclusterwithvariableamountofslavenodes"></a>
+### Hadoop cluster with variable amount of slave nodes
+
+This example shows how a hadoop cluster can be requested with 5-10 slave 
+nodes. It can be useful to have the variable amount because 10 nodes may be
+ desired, but you may want to cluster anyway if only 5 nodes are available
+or if  10 are requested, but 2 of them fail at deploy time.
+
+For this example, we'll use the following values from other tables:
+* module.id for handling subimage config type: 58
+* image.id for the Hadoop master image: 453
+* image.id for the Hadoop slave image: 454
+* affiliation.id for the desired affiliation: 5
+* reservation.id for the Hadoop master image: 2351
+* reservation.id for the Hadoop slave images: 2352-2361
+* user.id that owns the configs: 9
+
+configtype:
+<table>
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th><th> moduleid </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 2 </td><td> subimage </td><td> 58 </td></tr>
+config:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th><th> ownerid </th><th> configtypeid </th><th> data </th><th> optional </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 59 </td><td> hadoop cluster </td><td> 9 </td><td> 2 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> 0 </td></tr>
+configvariable:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th><th> configid </th><th> value </th><th> required </th><th> ask </th><th> key </th><th> datatype </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 146 </td><td> subimage </td><td> 59 </td><td> 454 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 0 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 147 </td><td> min </td><td> 59 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 1 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 148 </td><td> max </td><td> 59 </td><td> 50 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 1 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+configmaptype:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 1 </td><td> image </td></tr>
+configmap:
+<tr><th> configid </th><th> subid </th><th> configmaptypeid </th><th> affiliationid </th><th> disabled </th><th>
+stage </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 59 </td><td> 453 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 5 </td><td> 0 </td><td> start_load </td></tr>
+configinstance:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> reservationid </th><th> configid </th><th> status </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 2351 </td><td> 59 </td><td> new </td></tr>
+configinstancevariable:
+<tr><th> configinstanceid </th><th> configvariableid </th><th> value </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 146 </td><td> 2352 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 146 </td><td> 2353 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 146 </td><td> 2354 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 146 </td><td> 2355 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 146 </td><td> 2356 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 146 </td><td> 2357 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 146 </td><td> 2358 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 146 </td><td> 2359 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 146 </td><td> 2360 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 146 </td><td> 2361 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 147 </td><td> 5 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 5023 </td><td> 148 </td><td> 10 </td></tr>
+</table>
+
+<a name="ConfigurationManagement-SAScluster"></a>
+### SAS cluster
+
+This example shows how to configure a SAS cluster of 3 nodes: meta,
+midtier,  and apps so that they are all deployed and then started in the
+correct  order.
+
+For this example, we'll use the following values from other tables:
+* module.id for handling puppet config type: 57
+* module.id for handling subimage config type: 58
+* module.id for handling shellcommand config type: 59
+* image.id for the SAS meta image: 728
+* image.id for the SAS midtier image: 729
+* image.id for the SAS apps image: 730
+* affiliation.id for the desired affiliation: 7
+* reservation.id for the SAS meta image: 2466
+* reservation.id for the SAS midtier image: 2467
+* reservation.id for the SAS apps image: 2468
+* user.id that owns the configs: 15
+
+configtype:
+<table>
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th><th> moduleid </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 1 </td><td> puppet </td><td> 57 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 2 </td><td> subimage </td><td> 58 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 3 </td><td> shellcommand </td><td> 59 </td></tr>
+config:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th><th> ownerid </th><th> configtypeid </th><th> data </th><th> optional </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 76 </td><td> SAS apps </td><td> 15 </td><td> 2 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> 0 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 77 </td><td> SAS midtier </td><td> 15 </td><td> 2 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> 0 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 78 </td><td> SAS meta config </td><td> 15 </td><td> 1 </td><td> (puppet manifest) </td><td> 0 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 79 </td><td> SAS apps config </td><td> 15 </td><td> 1 </td><td> (puppet manifest) </td><td> 0 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 80 </td><td> SAS midtier config </td><td> 15 </td><td> 1 </td><td> (puppet manifest) </td><td> 0 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 81 </td><td> SAS meta start </td><td> 15 </td><td> 3 </td><td> (startup commands) </td><td> 0 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 82 </td><td> SAS apps start </td><td> 15 </td><td> 3 </td><td> (startup commands) </td><td> 0 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 83 </td><td> SAS midtier start </td><td> 15 </td><td> 3 </td><td> (startup commands) </td><td> 0 </td></tr>
+configvariable:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th><th> configid </th><th> value </th><th> required </th><th> ask </th><th> key </th><th> datatype </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 268 </td><td> subimage </td><td> 76 </td><td> 729 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 0 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 269 </td><td> subimage </td><td> 77 </td><td> 730 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 0 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 270 </td><td> runafter </td><td> 78 </td><td> 268,269 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 0 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 271 </td><td> runafter </td><td> 79 </td><td> 270 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 0 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 272 </td><td> runafter </td><td> 80 </td><td> 271 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 0 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 273 </td><td> runafter </td><td> 81 </td><td> 272 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 0 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 274 </td><td> runafter </td><td> 82 </td><td> 273 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 0 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 275 </td><td> runafter </td><td> 83 </td><td> 274 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 0 </td><td> (empty) </td><td> int </td></tr>
+configmaptype:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> name </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 1 </td><td> image </td></tr>
+configmap:
+<tr><th> configid </th><th> subid </th><th> configmaptypeid </th><th> affiliationid </th><th> disabled </th><th>
+stage </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 76 </td><td> 728 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 7 </td><td> 0 </td><td> start_load </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 77 </td><td> 728 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 7 </td><td> 0 </td><td> start_load </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 78 </td><td> 728 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 7 </td><td> 0 </td><td> post_load </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 79 </td><td> 728 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 7 </td><td> 0 </td><td> post_load </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 80 </td><td> 728 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 7 </td><td> 0 </td><td> post_load </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 81 </td><td> 728 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 7 </td><td> 0 </td><td> post_load </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 82 </td><td> 728 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 7 </td><td> 0 </td><td> post_load </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 83 </td><td> 728 </td><td> 1 </td><td> 7 </td><td> 0 </td><td> post_load </td></tr>
+configinstance:
+<tr><th> id </th><th> reservationid </th><th> configid </th><th> status </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 6005 </td><td> 2466 </td><td> 76 </td><td> new </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6006 </td><td> 2466 </td><td> 77 </td><td> new </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6007 </td><td> 2466 </td><td> 78 </td><td> new </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6008 </td><td> 2466 </td><td> 79 </td><td> new </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6009 </td><td> 2466 </td><td> 80 </td><td> new </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6010 </td><td> 2466 </td><td> 81 </td><td> new </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6011 </td><td> 2466 </td><td> 82 </td><td> new </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6012 </td><td> 2466 </td><td> 83 </td><td> new </td></tr>
+configinstancevariable:
+<tr><th> configinstanceid </th><th> configvariableid </th><th> value </th></tr>
+<tr><td> 6005 </td><td> 268 </td><td> 2467 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6006 </td><td> 269 </td><td> 2468 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6007 </td><td> 270 </td><td> 6005,6006 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6008 </td><td> 271 </td><td> 6007 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6009 </td><td> 272 </td><td> 6008 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6010 </td><td> 273 </td><td> 6009 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6011 </td><td> 274 </td><td> 6010 </td></tr>
+<tr><td> 6012 </td><td> 275 </td><td> 6011 </td></tr>

Added: vcl/site/trunk/content/confluence_export/configure-the-default-profile.mdtext
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/vcl/site/trunk/content/confluence_export/configure-the-default-profile.mdtext?rev=1430372&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- vcl/site/trunk/content/confluence_export/configure-the-default-profile.mdtext (added)
+++ vcl/site/trunk/content/confluence_export/configure-the-default-profile.mdtext Tue Jan  8 16:37:53 2013
@@ -0,0 +1,160 @@
+Title: Configure the Default Profile
+{excerpt}A Windows profile is the desktop environment configured for a
+particular user. It contains various settings such as desktop colors,
+backgrounds, icon placement, and Windows Explorer settings. The default
+profile is a template profile that is used when a user logs on to a Windows
+computer for the first time. The default profile can be customized by the
+image creator.{excerpt}
+
+  
+  
+
+<a name="ConfiguretheDefaultProfile-Createaprofileconfigurationaccount:"></a>
+#### Create a profile configuration account:
+
+1. While logged on as *Administrator* , create a local Windows user account
+named *Profile* and add it to the *Administrators* group
+1. Configure the profile:
+1. # Log on as *Profile*
+1. # Make desired profile, desktop, and application changes
+1. # Log out
+
+<a name="ConfiguretheDefaultProfile-Copytheprofileto"DefaultUser":"></a>
+#### Copy the profile to "Default User":
+
+1. Log back on as *Administrator*
+1. Rename the *C:\Documents and Settings\Default User* directory to
+something like *Default User Original*
+1. Open the *Control Panel*
+1. Open *System Properties*
+1. Select the *Advanced* tab
+1. Click the *Settings* button next to User Profiles
+1. Select Profile's profile, click *Copy To* :
+Copy profile to: *C:\Documents and Settings\Default User*
+Permitted to use: add the *Everyone* group
+1. Click *OK*
+
+<a name="ConfiguretheDefaultProfile-Cleanuptheprofileconfigurationaccount:"></a>
+#### Clean up the profile configuration account:
+
+1. Delete the *Profile* user
+1. Delete *C:\Documents and Settings\Profile*
+
+You can then create another account and log in using it to make sure your
+profile settings take affect for new users. Be sure to delete it once
+you're done testing.
+
+  
+  
+
+Microsoft does not support copying profiles under Windows 7 and Windows
+Server 2008.  The "Copy To" button is grayed out for all profiles except
+the default profile.  The only supported method is built into Sysprep and
+this method is itself very problematic.  The following steps are not
+supported or recommended by Microsoft but seem to work:
+
+<a name="ConfiguretheDefaultProfile-AllowDesktopBackgrounds"></a>
+#### Allow Desktop Backgrounds
+
+1. Download and edit the RDP file for your imaging reservation from the VCL
+website to allow desktop backgrounds or else you won’t be able to change
+the desktop background color
+1. # Right-click on the .rdp file and select *Edit*
+1. # Click on the *Experience* tab&nbsp;
+1. # *Enable* the checkbox next to *Desktop background*
+1. # Click on the *General* tab
+1. # Click *Save*
+1. Login as Administrator
+1. Configure Windows Explorer to show hidden and system file
+1. # Open *Windows Explorer*
+1. # Click *Organize > Folder and search options*
+1. # Select the *View* tab
+1. # Select the radio button next to *Show hidden files, folders, and drives*
+1. # Click *OK*
+
+<a name="ConfiguretheDefaultProfile-Createaprofileconfigurationaccount:"></a>
+#### Create a profile configuration account:
+
+1. Create a new local user account named Profile
+1. # Open *Control Panel > Add or remove user accounts*
+1. # If there is already an account named *Profile* and you want to start
+over with a new account, delete the existing account and then create a new
+one:
+1. ## Click on the *Profile* user
+1. ## Click *Delete the account*
+1. ## Click *Delete Files*
+1. ## Click *Delete Account*
+1. # Click *Create a new account*
+1. # Enter the account name: *Profile*
+1. # Click the radio button next to *Administrator*
+1. # Click *Create Account*
+1. Set the password for the Profile account
+1. # Click on the Profile account
+1. # Click *Create a password*
+1. # Enter the password and click *Create password*
+1. Configure the user profile for the Profile account
+1. # Logout as Administrator and login as Profile
+1. # Customize the user profile for the Profile account
+1. # Logout as Profile
+
+<a name="ConfiguretheDefaultProfile-Copytheprofileto"Default":"></a>
+#### Copy the profile to "Default":
+
+1. Rename the *Profile* user profile folder to *Default*
+1. # Login as Administrator
+1. # Open a Windows Explorer window and navigate to *C:\Users*
+1. # Rename the original default profile folder: C:\Users\{*}Default* \->
+C:\Users\{*}Default Original*
+1. # Rename the customized profile folder: C:\Users\{*}Profile* \->
+C:\Users\{*}Default*
+_Note: if you are unable to rename the Profile folder, reboot the computer,
+login as Administrator, and try again.	Run the following command from a
+command prompt to reboot the computer:_
+shutdown.exe \-r \-f \-t 0
+1. Copy the customized profile folder using the Windows profile copying
+utility
+_Note: Windows 7 only allows its built-in profile copying utility to be
+used to copy the default profile, not profiles of other user accounts. The
+profile you customized now resides in the default profile location
+(C:\Users\Default) so the utility can now be used to make a copy of it._
+1. # Open *Control Panel > System and Security > System*
+1. # Click *Advanced system settings* on the left
+1. # Click the *Settings...* button under User Profiles
+1. # Highlight *Default Profile*
+1. # Click *Copy To…*
+1. ## Copy profile to: *C:\Users\Default Copy*
+1. ## Click *Change* under Permitted to use
+1. ## Enter *Everyone* and click OK
+1. ## Click OK
+1. Replace the original customized profile directory with the one created by
+the Windows profile copying utility
+_Note: C:\Users\Default contains the original customized profile.  The same
+profile also resides in C:\Users\Default Copy.	The Default Copy folder is
+the one which has had the Windows profile copying utility transformations
+applied to it._
+1. # Open *Windows Explorer*
+1. # Delete the “C:\Users\{*}Default* folder
+1. # Rename the folder: C:\Users\{*}Default Copy* \-> C:\Users\{*}Default*
+1. Delete the Profile account
+1. # Open *Control Panel > Add or remove user accounts*
+1. # Click on the *Profile* account
+1. # Click *Delete the account*
+1. # Click *Delete Files*
+1. # Click *Delete Account*
+
+
+Any new local user accounts created on the computer should receive a user
+profile configured with the customizations you made to the Profile account.
+
+h3. *How to Force the Desktop Background to Appear on Windows 7 & Windows
+Server 2008*
+
+1. Run *gpedit.msc*
+1. # Navigate to *User Configuration* > *Scripts*
+1. # Double-click *Logon*
+1. # Click *Add*
+1. ## Script Name: reg.exe
+1. ## Script Parameters: *DELETE "HKCU\Remote\1\Control Panel\Desktop" /v
+Wallpaper /f*
+1. # Click *OK*
+1. # Run *gpupdate.exe /force*



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