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From Sergiu Dumitriu <>
Subject Re: VelocityMacro scope
Date Thu, 20 Oct 2011 12:49:15 GMT
On 10/20/2011 08:41 AM, Guillaume Polet wrote:
> Hi List,
> it's been a while since I wrote here (at least a few years), mainly
> because I had not too much trouble resolving my issues myself but this
> time I am kind of stuck.
> We recently upgraded from Velocity 1.6.2 to velocity 1.7 and we
> encountered a lot of issues. While I managed to fix most of them, there
> is an important one that I can't get passed.
> Simplifying my code, here is a little snippet that used to work:
> #macro(foo $bar)
> #set($bar = 100)
> #end
> #set($xyz = 0)
> Before: $xyz
> #foo($xyz)
> After: $xyz
> Basically, we pass a variable to a macro, and setting the value of the
> variable in the macro impacted the passed argument, ie, the output we
> used to have in 1.6.2 was:
> Before: 0
> After: 100
> Now, in velocity 1.7, I get the following:
> Before: 0
> After: 0
> This is of course a really strong change of behaviour but ok I guess
> there might be some good reason for that (although I think it kind of
> contradicts what the doc says about velcoity macro arguments since it
> says that the passed argument is re-evaluated each time it occurs in the
> VM, in my opinion, I feel that $bar should resolve to $xyz, and
> therefore the #set would set the value of $xyz. The whole point of doing
> that is to be able to return a value (or even several values) from a
> macro).
> Now, the weirdest thing, I believe is, if you change the name of the
> passed argument to $bar:
> #macro(foo $bar)
> #set($bar = 100)
> #end
> #set($bar= 0)
> Before: $bar
> #foo($bar)
> After: $bar
> Then I get what I used to have, ie:
> Before: 0
> After: 100
> I feel like this is really mixing things up. Either the value can
> propagate from the macro to the calling-level, either it should be
> prevented. But have a mix of both of them is really not predictable nor
> robust. If by any chance, I happen to call my argument the same way it
> is called in the macro, the behaviour of the template is completely
> changed. I would assume that the name of a variable should not matter on
> both sides. I should be able to rename $bar to $bar123 without noticing
> any change and the same goes for $xyz which could be either $xyz or $bar
> without modifying the outcome. Or is this just me?
> Personnally, I am in favour of the first behaviour.
> Now, my question would be, how can I achieve the behaviour observed in
> 1.6.2 with velocity 1.7, or what technique can I use to return values
> from a velocity macro?
> If you wonder why I am trying to that instead of moving my code to Java
> classes, the reason is that I heavily rely on templates to generate all
> kinds of stuff (full web-application, Latex documents, DocX documents,
> etc...) but I also allow the user of my application to modify those
> templates at runtime without needing to know anything about classes,
> Java code, etc... I can get somebody started on VTL in 5 minutes while
> it would take me days to get him started with Java.
> Thanks very much in advance,

See and

Sergiu Dumitriu

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