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From Guillaume Polet <>
Subject Re: VelocityMacro scope
Date Thu, 20 Oct 2011 13:29:51 GMT
Thanks Sergiu for your fast and perfect answer. It seems to me that we 
met the same kind of issues (I also had some issues with quotes escaping 
;-)). I even had issues with the '@' sign but that's another story.

Is there any way to get the previous behaviour with some kind of 
velocity property?
Is there an alternate suggested way of working, or am I forced to pass a 
map to push the returned values?



Le 20/10/2011 14:49, Sergiu Dumitriu a écrit :
> On 10/20/2011 08:41 AM, Guillaume Polet wrote:
>> Hi List,
>> it's been a while since I wrote here (at least a few years), mainly
>> because I had not too much trouble resolving my issues myself but this
>> time I am kind of stuck.
>> We recently upgraded from Velocity 1.6.2 to velocity 1.7 and we
>> encountered a lot of issues. While I managed to fix most of them, there
>> is an important one that I can't get passed.
>> Simplifying my code, here is a little snippet that used to work:
>> #macro(foo $bar)
>> #set($bar = 100)
>> #end
>> #set($xyz = 0)
>> Before: $xyz
>> #foo($xyz)
>> After: $xyz
>> Basically, we pass a variable to a macro, and setting the value of the
>> variable in the macro impacted the passed argument, ie, the output we
>> used to have in 1.6.2 was:
>> Before: 0
>> After: 100
>> Now, in velocity 1.7, I get the following:
>> Before: 0
>> After: 0
>> This is of course a really strong change of behaviour but ok I guess
>> there might be some good reason for that (although I think it kind of
>> contradicts what the doc says about velcoity macro arguments since it
>> says that the passed argument is re-evaluated each time it occurs in the
>> VM, in my opinion, I feel that $bar should resolve to $xyz, and
>> therefore the #set would set the value of $xyz. The whole point of doing
>> that is to be able to return a value (or even several values) from a
>> macro).
>> Now, the weirdest thing, I believe is, if you change the name of the
>> passed argument to $bar:
>> #macro(foo $bar)
>> #set($bar = 100)
>> #end
>> #set($bar= 0)
>> Before: $bar
>> #foo($bar)
>> After: $bar
>> Then I get what I used to have, ie:
>> Before: 0
>> After: 100
>> I feel like this is really mixing things up. Either the value can
>> propagate from the macro to the calling-level, either it should be
>> prevented. But have a mix of both of them is really not predictable nor
>> robust. If by any chance, I happen to call my argument the same way it
>> is called in the macro, the behaviour of the template is completely
>> changed. I would assume that the name of a variable should not matter on
>> both sides. I should be able to rename $bar to $bar123 without noticing
>> any change and the same goes for $xyz which could be either $xyz or $bar
>> without modifying the outcome. Or is this just me?
>> Personnally, I am in favour of the first behaviour.
>> Now, my question would be, how can I achieve the behaviour observed in
>> 1.6.2 with velocity 1.7, or what technique can I use to return values
>> from a velocity macro?
>> If you wonder why I am trying to that instead of moving my code to Java
>> classes, the reason is that I heavily rely on templates to generate all
>> kinds of stuff (full web-application, Latex documents, DocX documents,
>> etc...) but I also allow the user of my application to modify those
>> templates at runtime without needing to know anything about classes,
>> Java code, etc... I can get somebody started on VTL in 5 minutes while
>> it would take me days to get him started with Java.
>> Thanks very much in advance,
> See and 

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