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From Bradley Wagner <bradley.wag...@hannonhill.com>
Subject Re: Inconsistent and strange NPE when initializing Velocity
Date Thu, 07 Jun 2012 21:28:24 GMT
Thanks Will. We'll make sure to just initialize it once.

On Thu, Jun 7, 2012 at 3:36 PM, Will Glass-Husain <wglasshusain@gmail.com>wrote:

> Hi,
>
> You should use either the Velocity static calls or the VelocityEngine but
> not both-- it's confusing.  They don't technically interfere with each
> other, but it'll be simpler and less error prone not to mix.
>
> It's also a performance hit to continually reinitialize Velocity.  There's
> no need to do this every time you process a page.  Besides the cost of
> initialization, it also prevents you from doing any caching.
>
> Here's the general pattern
> * On app start up, initialize a VelocityEngine.  Store it somewhere.
> * Every time you need to process a template
>     --> get the template
>     --> create and populate a context
>     --> using the velocity engine, merge the template (with the context)
>
> WILL
>
>
> On Thu, Jun 7, 2012 at 8:26 AM, Bradley Wagner <
> bradley.wagner@hannonhill.com> wrote:
>
> > Thanks Will.
> >
> > So looking over the developer documentation about initialization and our
> > code, it looks like we're using a mix of the Singleton Velocity Engine
> and
> > Separate Instances in certain cases. However, in all these cases, we're
> > using the same set of properties. The documentation suggests that the
> > Separate Instance method is the newer way to do it, but you're saying
> that
> > if we can get away with initializing Velocity one using Velocity.init()
> we
> > should do that for better performance, yes? Are both mechanisms for
> > evaluating templates thread-safe?
> >
> > In one place we're doing:
> >
> > VelocityContext context = new VelocityContext(contextMap)
> > Properties props = VelocityProperties.getProperties();
> > Velocity.init(props);
> > String templatePath = VelocityTemplates.getTemplatePath(templateName);
> > Template template = Velocity.getTemplate(templatePath);
> > StringWriter writer = new StringWriter();
> > template.merge(context, writer);
> > return writer.toString();
> >
> > and in another we're doing:
> >
> > VelocityEngine engine = new VelocityEngine();
> > Properties velocityProps = VelocityProperties.getProperties();
> > engine.init(velocityProps);
> >
> > // Get a template as stream.
> > StringWriter writer = new StringWriter();
> > StringReader reader = new StringReader(template);
> > // create a temporary template name
> > String tempTemplateName = "velocityTransform-" +
> > System.currentTimeMillis();
> >
> > // ask Velocity to evaluate it.
> > boolean result = engine.evaluate(context, writer, tempTemplateName,
> > reader);
> >
> > String strResult = null;
> > if (result)
> > {
> >    strResult = writer.getBuffer().toString();
> > }
> > return strResult;
> >
> > Thanks a bunch for your help!
> >
> > On Wed, Jun 6, 2012 at 6:34 PM, Will Glass-Husain <
> wglasshusain@gmail.com>
> > wrote:
> > >
> > > You only need to initialize Velocity once.  Performance is much better
> > that
> > > way.
> > >
> > > WILL
> > >
> > > On Wed, Jun 6, 2012 at 2:37 PM, Bradley Wagner <
> > > bradley.wagner@hannonhill.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > > The odd part about that is that while I could see this being a race
> > > > condition... once Velocity gets into this state it doesn't matter how
> > many
> > > > times we call Velocity.init, it returns the NPE every time. I guess I
> > > > should have mentioned that in the original post. Basically once it
> > starts
> > > > returning NPE our only recourse is to restart Tomcat, which fixes the
> > > > problem, until  it pops up again.
> > > >
> > > > On Wed, Jun 6, 2012 at 5:35 PM, Bradley Wagner <
> > > > bradley.wagner@hannonhill.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > Ha, that's a good question. Yes, we're initializing Velocity LOTS
> of
> > > > > times. Basically every time we use it to create these messages in
> our
> > > > > message util. I'm guessing that's not recommended?
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > On Wed, Jun 6, 2012 at 1:53 PM, Will Glass-Husain <
> > > > wglasshusain@gmail.com>wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > >> Hi Bradley,
> > > > >>
> > > > >> Are you initializing Velocity multiple times?
> > > > >>
> > > > >> Though I haven't heard of this issue before, it sounds like a
race
> > > > >> condition, perhaps if the initialization is called twice at the
> same
> > > > time.
> > > > >>
> > > > >> WILL
> > > > >>
> > > > >> On Wed, Jun 6, 2012 at 8:37 AM, Bradley Wagner <
> > > > >> bradley.wagner@hannonhill.com> wrote:
> > > > >>
> > > > >> > Hi,
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> > I sent this message before I had subscribed to the list
so I
> > wasn't
> > > > >> sure if
> > > > >> > the original made it. My apologies if this is a duplicate.
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> > One of our clients running our software is *occasionally*
> running
> > into
> > > > >> the
> > > > >> > stack trace at the bottom when Velocity is initialized.
A
> restart
> > > > tends
> > > > >> to
> > > > >> > fix this problem. But it pops back up after running the
system
> for
> > a
> > > > >> while.
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> > They're running:
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >   - Velocity 1.7
> > > > >> >   - Tomcat 6.0.35
> > > > >> >   - Using the 3.2 of the Apache Commons Collections library
> > > > >> >   - Running Java 1.6.0_31 in Mac OS X 10.6.8
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> > Unfortunately we don't have the ability to debug this problem
> > > > remotely,
> > > > >> so
> > > > >> > we can't see exactly what's going on, but having looked
a bit at
> > the
> > > > >> > Extended Properties class, it doesn't seem like it should
be
> > possible
> > > > to
> > > > >> > get an NPE at that line, because of the containsKey() check
a
> few
> > > > lines
> > > > >> > before.
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> > java.lang.NullPointerException
> > > > >> > at
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> org.apache.commons.collections.ExtendedProperties.clearProperty(ExtendedProperties.java:797)
> > > > >> > at
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> org.apache.commons.collections.ExtendedProperties.setProperty(ExtendedProperties.java:722)
> > > > >> > at
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> org.apache.commons.collections.ExtendedProperties.combine(ExtendedProperties.java:783)
> > > > >> > at
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> org.apache.velocity.runtime.RuntimeInstance.setProperties(RuntimeInstance.java:657)
> > > > >> > at
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> org.apache.velocity.runtime.RuntimeInstance.init(RuntimeInstance.java:645)
> > > > >> > at
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> org.apache.velocity.runtime.RuntimeSingleton.init(RuntimeSingleton.java:226)
> > > > >> > at org.apache.velocity.app.Velocity.init(Velocity.java:97)
> > > > >> > at
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> com.hannonhill.cascade.velocity.VelocityEngineUtil.generateMessage(VelocityEngineUtil.java:66)
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> > Also, here's the code that's calling the Velocity.init:
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >        Properties velocityProps =
> > VelocityProperties.getProperties();
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >        Velocity.init(velocityProps);
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> > Velocity Properties are just loading the following file
contents
> > into
> > > > a
> > > > >> > properties object:
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> > # This controls if Runtime.error(), info() and warn() messages
> > include
> > > > >> the
> > > > >> > # whole stack trace. The last property controls whether
invalid
> > > > >> references
> > > > >> > # are logged.
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> > runtime.log.error.stacktrace = false
> > > > >> > runtime.log.warn.stacktrace = false
> > > > >> > runtime.log.info.stacktrace = false
> > > > >> > runtime.log.invalid.reference = true
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> > # Configuration for the Log4JLogSystem.
> > > > >> > # You must define the runtime.log.logsystem.class property
to
> be:
> > > > >> > #   org.apache.velocity.runtime.log.Log4JLogSystem
> > > > >> > #
> > > > >> > # You must also include Log4J's .jar files into your classpath.
> > They
> > > > are
> > > > >> > # included with the Velocity distribution in the build/lib
> > directory.
> > > > >> > #
> > > > >> > # There are several different options that you can configure.
> > > > >> > # Uncomment the ones that you want and also define their
> settings.
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> > # T E M P L A T E  E N C O D I N G
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> > input.encoding=UTF-8
> > > > >> > output.encoding=UTF-8
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> > # F O R E A C H  P R O P E R T I E S
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> > # These properties control how the counter is accessed in
the
> > #foreach
> > > > >> > # directive. By default the reference $velocityCount will
be
> > available
> > > > >> > # in the body of the #foreach directive. The default starting
> > value
> > > > >> > # for this reference is 1.
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> > directive.foreach.counter.name = velocityCount
> > > > >> > directive.foreach.counter.initial.value = 1
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> > # T E M P L A T E  L O A D E R S
> > > > >> >
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > >
> >
> >
> #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > > >> > resource.loader = class
> > > > >> > class.resource.loader.description = Velocity Classpath Resource
> > Loader
> > > > >> > class.resource.loader.class =
> > > > >> >
> > org.apache.velocity.runtime.resource.loader.ClasspathResourceLoader
> > > > >> >
> > > > >>
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > >
> >
>

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