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From Jeff_Mitch...@accessbusinessgroup.com
Subject Re: Memory consumption with large images in FOP
Date Thu, 02 May 2002 13:25:21 GMT


Thanks for your help.  I think I may be running out of memory when viewing
the PDF.  I'll do some playing around on my end, but your explanations
should help a lot.

Thanks again,


                    n"                   To:     fop-user@xml.apache.org                 
                    <j3322ptm@yah        cc:                                          
                    oo.de>               Subject:     Re: Memory consumption with large
images in FOP                                         
                    06:00 PM                                                             
                    respond to                                                           

Jeff_Mitchell@accessbusinessgroup.com wrote:
> the resulting PDF has a black
> rectangle, where the image should be.

In PDF, images are rendered at 1/72 inch per pixel, or roughly
3.53 cm per 100 pixel. Higher resolution images are scaled down
during rendering, you may see a resampling artifact, or simply
a bug (probably in the PDF viewer). Be aware that the PDF viewer
will have to decompress your 4k*5k pixel images at 3 bytes per
pixel, resulting in allocating nearly 60 MB or more.
It is also possible that you run into an arithmetic overflow
or some similar problem.

> Is there a
> limit to the resolution of raster images FOP (or PDFs in general) can
> handle, or this perhaps a problem with memory?

In theory, there is no limit, at least not directly imposed by FOP.
FOP will, however, hold the file in memory, decompressed for some

> It appears the images contained within a PDF are compressed.  Does anyone
> know if this compression is JPEG,  and if so, does FOP just dump a given
> JPEG into the PDF file, or does it uncompress the original JPEG in
> and then recompress it to go into the PDF?

For JPEG images, the file is dumped into the PDF basically unchanged.

> Finally, I haven't found a definitive list of the image types allowed in
> external-graphic src attribute.  Does anyone know where I might find such
> list.

 From the sources: GIF, BMP, EPS and JPEG are supported natively, in
part through standard Java mechanisms. There are not necessarily all
subformats supported (BMP has at least a dozen, some very obscure,
and there are a few exotic JPEG subformats as well).
SVG is supported through Batik.
FOP can take advantage of the Jimi image library and of JAI. Jimi
is no longer distributed with FOP because of license reasons, you
can get it yourself (there are instructions in the docs), but for
some odd reasons it may be possible that you'll have to rebuild
FOP from the sources, even though this is very easy nowadays.
Jimi supports:  AFP (dunno), BMP, CUR (MS Windows cursor?), GIF,
ICO (Windows icons), PCX, PICT (dunno), PNG, PSD (dunno), Sun
raster (used by Sun), TGA, TIFF and XBM (X Windows bitmap).
JAI is an interface specification, FOP will support whatever your
JAI conformant implementation supports if you drop it in (may
require rebuild).
This list is not authoritative, apply usual disclaimers.


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