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From manfred.wei...@rzb.at
Subject Antwort: Blank pdf from servlet
Date Fri, 04 Apr 2003 08:15:38 GMT
Hello Klaus,

You might also consider a known problem with IE and PDF files. If the PDF
file is smaller than 6K (or there abouts).
Place any blank image in your pdf to reach the 6k border. Sorry its not the
best idea but a nice workaround.


klkr@Q8.DK am 04.04.2003 09:54:46

Bitte antworten an fop-user@xml.apache.org@inet

An:      fop-user@xml.apache.org
Thema:   Blank pdf from servlet


I am trying to get a servlet to produce pdf from data from a database. When
the servlet receives a request, it runs FOP (fop-0.20.5rc2), and outputs
this to the log:

[INFO] building formatting object tree
[INFO] setting up fonts
[INFO] [1]
[DEBUG] Last page-sequence produced 1 pages.
[INFO] Parsing of document complete, stopping renderer
[DEBUG] Initial heap size: 27343Kb
[DEBUG] Current heap size: 7130Kb
[DEBUG] Total memory used: -20213Kb
[DEBUG]   Memory use is indicative; no GC was performed
[DEBUG]   These figures should not be used comparatively
[DEBUG] Total time used: 2209ms
[DEBUG] Pages rendered: 1
[DEBUG] Avg render time: 2209ms/page

The browser starts Adobe Reader. But then it shows a blank page.

Here is the class that produces the pdf. It is a slight modification
of ExampleObj2PDF.java, included in fop-0.20.5rc2 :

package dk.q8.ssintra.priscirku;

import org.apache.fop.apps.Driver;
import org.apache.fop.messaging.MessageHandler;
import org.apache.avalon.framework.logger.ConsoleLogger;
import org.apache.avalon.framework.logger.Logger;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;

import javax.ejb.CreateException;
import javax.naming.NamingException;
import javax.xml.parsers.ParserConfigurationException;
import javax.xml.transform.*;
import javax.xml.transform.sax.SAXResult;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.sql.SQLException;

 * Created by IntelliJ IDEA.
 * User: klkr
 * Date: 31-03-2003
 * Time: 15:40:28
 * Genererer PDF.
public class CirkuPrinter {

   * Constructor.
   * @param xls Sti til filen hvor stylesheetet findes
   * @throws ParserConfigurationException Fra JAXP
   * @throws IOException Fra JAXP
   * @throws SAXException Fra JAXP
  public CirkuPrinter(String xls) throws ParserConfigurationException,
IOException, SAXException {
    styleSheet = StyleSheetHandler.getStyleSheet(xls);

  private Source styleSheet;

   * Udskriver PDF til out.
   * @param out Stream hvor cirkulæret udskrives
   * @throws IOException Ved fejl
   * @throws CreateException Fra EJB
   * @throws SQLException Fra EJB
   * @throws NamingException Fra EJB
   * @throws TransformerException Fra JAXP
  public void print(OutputStream out) throws IOException, CreateException,
SQLException, NamingException, TransformerException {

    // Skaf data
    CiData data = DBConnection.findData();
    Source xml = CiData2XML.createSAXSource(data);

    Driver driver = new Driver();

    //Setup logger
    Logger logger = new ConsoleLogger(ConsoleLogger.LEVEL_DEBUG);

    // Vi vil have PDF


    //Setup XSLT
    TransformerFactory factory = TransformerFactory.newInstance();
    Transformer transformer = factory.newTransformer(styleSheet);

    //Resulting SAX events (the generated FO) must be piped through to FOP
    Result res = new SAXResult(driver.getContentHandler());

    //Start XSLT transformation and FOP processing
    transformer.transform(xml, res);


   * Til afprøvning.
   * @param args 0: stylesheet 1: outputfil
   * @throws Exception Når noget går galt.
  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    CirkuPrinter p = new CirkuPrinter(args[0]);
    File fil = new File(args[1]);
    OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(fil);


When I run it from the command line, I get the expected pdf. If
I write plain text directly to the out parameter when run in the
servlet, the text appears in the browser.  What am I doing wrong?

Klaus Kristiansen

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