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From "Phil Steitz (JIRA)" <>
Subject [jira] Commented: (DBCP-345) NumActive is off-by-one at instantiation and causes premature exhaustion
Date Wed, 06 Oct 2010 01:28:31 GMT


Phil Steitz commented on DBCP-345:

I can't see where in the attached code you are observing numActive directly.  Please provide
the following to help determine if this is a DBCP bug (unlikely at this point):

1. Your full DBCP configuration
2. The client code that actually opens connections and observes numActive

> NumActive is off-by-one at instantiation and causes premature exhaustion
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>                 Key: DBCP-345
>                 URL:
>             Project: Commons Dbcp
>          Issue Type: Bug
>    Affects Versions: 1.4
>            Reporter: Kevin Ross
>         Attachments:,
>   Original Estimate: 1h
>  Remaining Estimate: 1h
> Scenario: we have some code that we had thought was potentially leaking connections.
 In our unitTest/integrationTest environment, we know we can *lock down connections to a total
of 2* and a full run should pass.  We had no such luck with a {{maxActive}} of 2.    
> We created/attached a {{DebugBasicDataSource}} which initializes a  {{DebugConnectionPool}}
for logging purposes and delegates into the DBCP hierarchy.  BTW - consistent use of accessors
would have made this a cleaner affair ;) 
> {code}        // num active starts at one! Here is the original unmodified log message:
>         //          BORROWING:  from AbandonedObjectPool@10f0f6ac (1 of 2) 0 idle: threadStats[
]: all-time uniques{ (empty)  }
>         // SEE! no borrows ever, and the first pre-borrow already has a count of 1!{code}
> Before borrowing the first connection - {{numActive}} is 1!  
> The gorier details below, I hope they help someone else!
> Constraining the pool was the best way to uncover the leakage.  
> Thinking it was our error, we went after our code to find the problem.  We had such a
hard time understanding who was using connections, in which Spring context.  The confusion
stemmed from the fact that our unitTests run against REST resources deployed as Jersey components
in a Grizzly container.  Where they using the same connection pool or not?  Was the unitTest
setup side exhausting more connections, or was it leaking on the REST service side.
> Answers: 
> 1.  Our unitTests executing Jersey with in-VM Grizzly container do indeed utilize the
same pool (and same Spring context).
> 2.  Our unitTest (side) was not using more than one connection for data setup, and it
returned the connection for reuse.
> 3.  Our REST service side was only using one connection, but was a Grizzly threaded container
and we have AcitveMQ running as well.  Practically, one server connection could handle everything,
but the REST service and ActiveMQ listener could potentially claim 2.
> Note, the attached DebugBasicDataSource was quite useful to determine which threads were
claiming which connections in a leak situation.  Certainly do not configure it on the production
side, but it might be nice to see something like this offered up on the DBCP site somewhere
to help developers find or confirm their misconfiguration or bad code.

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