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From Mark Hamstra <>
Subject Re: Python friendly API for Spark 3.0
Date Sun, 16 Sep 2018 23:22:10 GMT
> difficult to reconcile

That's a big chunk of what I'm getting at: How much is it even possible to
do this kind of reconciliation from the underlying implementation to a more
normal/expected/friendly API for a given programming environment? How much
more work is it for us to maintain multiple such reconciliations, one for
each environment? Do we even need to do it at all, or can we push off such
higher-level reconciliations to 3rd-party efforts like Frameless?

On Sun, Sep 16, 2018 at 2:12 PM Reynold Xin <> wrote:

> Most of those are pretty difficult to add though, because they are
> fundamentally difficult to do in a distributed setting and with lazy
> execution.
> We should add some but at some point there are fundamental differences
> between the underlying execution engine that are pretty difficult to
> reconcile.
> On Sun, Sep 16, 2018 at 2:09 PM Matei Zaharia <>
> wrote:
>> My 2 cents on this is that the biggest room for improvement in Python is
>> similarity to Pandas. We already made the Python DataFrame API different
>> from Scala/Java in some respects, but if there’s anything we can do to make
>> it more obvious to Pandas users, that will help the most. The other issue
>> though is that a bunch of Pandas functions are just missing in Spark — it
>> would be awesome to set up an umbrella JIRA to just track those and let
>> people fill them in.
>> Matei
>> > On Sep 16, 2018, at 1:02 PM, Mark Hamstra <>
>> wrote:
>> >
>> > It's not splitting hairs, Erik. It's actually very close to something
>> that I think deserves some discussion (perhaps on a separate thread.) What
>> I've been thinking about also concerns API "friendliness" or style. The
>> original RDD API was very intentionally modeled on the Scala parallel
>> collections API. That made it quite friendly for some Scala programmers,
>> but not as much so for users of the other language APIs when they
>> eventually came about. Similarly, the Dataframe API drew a lot from pandas
>> and R, so it is relatively friendly for those used to those abstractions.
>> Of course, the Spark SQL API is modeled closely on HiveQL and standard SQL.
>> The new barrier scheduling draws inspiration from MPI. With all of these
>> models and sources of inspiration, as well as multiple language targets,
>> there isn't really a strong sense of coherence across Spark -- I mean, even
>> though one of the key advantages of Spark is the ability to do within a
>> single framework things that would otherwise require multiple frameworks,
>> actually doing that is requiring more than one programming style or
>> multiple design abstractions more than what is strictly necessary even when
>> writing Spark code in just a single language.
>> >
>> > For me, that raises questions over whether we want to start designing,
>> implementing and supporting APIs that are designed to be more consistent,
>> friendly and idiomatic to particular languages and abstractions -- e.g. an
>> API covering all of Spark that is designed to look and feel as much like
>> "normal" code for a Python programmer, another that looks and feels more
>> like "normal" Java code, another for Scala, etc. That's a lot more work and
>> support burden than the current approach where sometimes it feels like you
>> are writing "normal" code for your prefered programming environment, and
>> sometimes it feels like you are trying to interface with something foreign,
>> but underneath it hopefully isn't too hard for those writing the
>> implementation code below the APIs, and it is not too hard to maintain
>> multiple language bindings that are each fairly lightweight.
>> >
>> > It's a cost-benefit judgement, of course, whether APIs that are heavier
>> (in terms of implementing and maintaining) and friendlier (for end users)
>> are worth doing, and maybe some of these "friendlier" APIs can be done
>> outside of Spark itself (imo, Frameless is doing a very nice job for the
>> parts of Spark that it is currently covering --
>>; but what we have currently is a
>> bit too ad hoc and fragmentary for my taste.
>> >
>> > On Sat, Sep 15, 2018 at 10:33 AM Erik Erlandson <>
>> wrote:
>> > I am probably splitting hairs to finely, but I was considering the
>> difference between improvements to the jvm-side (py4j and the scala/java
>> code) that would make it easier to write the python layer ("python-friendly
>> api"), and actual improvements to the python layers ("friendly python api").
>> >
>> > They're not mutually exclusive of course, and both worth working on.
>> But it's *possible* to improve either without the other.
>> >
>> > Stub files look like a great solution for type annotations, maybe even
>> if only python 3 is supported.
>> >
>> > I definitely agree that any decision to drop python 2 should not be
>> taken lightly. Anecdotally, I'm seeing an increase in python developers
>> announcing that they are dropping support for python 2 (and loving it). As
>> people have already pointed out, if we don't drop python 2 for spark 3.0,
>> we're stuck with it until 4.0, which would place spark in a
>> possibly-awkward position of supporting python 2 for some time after it
>> goes EOL.
>> >
>> > Under the current release cadence, spark 3.0 will land some time in
>> early 2019, which at that point will be mere months until EOL for py2.
>> >
>> > On Fri, Sep 14, 2018 at 5:01 PM, Holden Karau <>
>> wrote:
>> >
>> >
>> > On Fri, Sep 14, 2018, 3:26 PM Erik Erlandson <>
>> wrote:
>> > To be clear, is this about "python-friendly API" or "friendly python
>> API" ?
>> > Well what would you consider to be different between those two
>> statements? I think it would be good to be a bit more explicit, but I don't
>> think we should necessarily limit ourselves.
>> >
>> > On the python side, it might be nice to take advantage of static
>> typing. Requires python 3.6 but with python 2 going EOL, a spark-3.0 might
>> be a good opportunity to jump the python-3-only train.
>> > I think we can make types sort of work without ditching 2 (the types
>> only would work in 3 but it would still function in 2). Ditching 2 entirely
>> would be a big thing to consider, I honestly hadn't been considering that
>> but it could be from just spending so much time maintaining a 2/3 code
>> base. I'd suggest reaching out to to user@ before making that kind of
>> change.
>> >
>> > On Fri, Sep 14, 2018 at 12:15 PM, Holden Karau <>
>> wrote:
>> > Since we're talking about Spark 3.0 in the near future (and since some
>> recent conversation on a proposed change reminded me) I wanted to open up
>> the floor and see if folks have any ideas on how we could make a more
>> Python friendly API for 3.0? I'm planning on taking some time to look at
>> other systems in the solution space and see what we might want to learn
>> from them but I'd love to hear what other folks are thinking too.
>> >
>> > --
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>> >
>> >
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> --
> excuse the brevity and lower case due to wrist injury

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