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From Bryan Herger <>
Subject RE: I would like to add JDBCDialect to support Vertica database
Date Wed, 11 Dec 2019 15:57:01 GMT
It kind of already is.  I was able to build the VerticaDialect as a sort of plugin as follows:

Check out apache/spark tree
Copy in VerticaDialect.scala
Build with “mvn -DskipTests compile”
package the compiled class plus companion object into a JAR
Copy JAR to jars folder in Spark binary installation (optional, probably can set path in an
extra --jars argument instead)

Then run the following test in spark-shell after creating Vertica table and sample data:

val jdbcDF ="jdbc").option("url", "jdbc:vertica://hpbox:5433/docker").option("dbtable",
"test_alltypes").option("user", "dbadmin").option("password", "Vertica1!").load()
jdbcDF.write.mode("append").format("jdbc").option("url", "jdbc:vertica://hpbox:5433/docker").option("dbtable",
"test_alltypes").option("user", "dbadmin").option("password", "Vertica1!").save()

If it would be preferable to write documentation describing the above, I can do that instead.
 The hard part is checking out the matching apache/spark tree then copying to the Spark cluster
– I can install master branch and latest binary and apply patches since I have root on all
my test boxes, but customers may not be able to.  Still, this provides another route to support
new JDBC dialects.


From: Wenchen Fan []
Sent: Wednesday, December 11, 2019 10:48 AM
To: Xiao Li <>
Cc: Bryan Herger <>; Sean Owen <>;
Subject: Re: I would like to add JDBCDialect to support Vertica database

Can we make the JDBCDialect a public API that users can plugin? It looks like an end-less
job to make sure Spark JDBC source supports all databases.

On Wed, Dec 11, 2019 at 11:41 PM Xiao Li <<>>
You can follow how we test the other JDBC dialects. All JDBC dialects require the docker integration

On Wed, Dec 11, 2019 at 7:33 AM Bryan Herger <<>>
Hi, to answer both questions raised:

Though Vertica is derived from Postgres, Vertica does not recognize type names TEXT, NVARCHAR,
BYTEA, ARRAY, and also handles DATETIME differently enough to cause issues.  The major changes
are to use type names and date format supported by Vertica.

For testing, I have a SQL script plus Scala and PySpark scripts, but these require a Vertica
database to connect, so automated testing on a build server wouldn’t work.  It’s possible
to include my test scripts and directions to run manually, but not sure where in the repo
that would go.  If automated testing is required, I can ask our engineers whether there exists
something like a mockito that could be included.

Thanks, Bryan H

From: Xiao Li [<>]
Sent: Wednesday, December 11, 2019 10:13 AM
To: Sean Owen <<>>
Cc: Bryan Herger <<>>;<>
Subject: Re: I would like to add JDBCDialect to support Vertica database

How can the dev community test it?


On Wed, Dec 11, 2019 at 6:52 AM Sean Owen <<>>
It's probably OK, IMHO. The overhead of another dialect is small. Are
there differences that require a new dialect? I assume so and might
just be useful to summarize them if you open a PR.

On Tue, Dec 10, 2019 at 7:14 AM Bryan Herger
<<>> wrote:
> Hi, I am a Vertica support engineer, and we have open support requests around NULL values
and SQL type conversion with DataFrame read/write over JDBC when connecting to a Vertica database.
 The stack traces point to issues with the generic JDBCDialect in Spark-SQL.
> I saw that other vendors (Teradata, DB2...) have contributed a JDBCDialect class to address
JDBC compatibility, so I wrote up a dialect for Vertica.
> The changeset is on my fork of apache/spark at
> I have tested this against Vertica 9.3 and found that this changeset addresses both issues
reported to us (issue with NULL values - setNull() - for valid java.sql.Types, and String
to VARCHAR conversion)
> Is the an acceptable change?  If so, how should I go about submitting a pull request?
> Thanks, Bryan Herger
> Vertica Solution Engineer
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