Thanks Jorn. Indeed, we do not need global ordering, since our data is partitioned well. We do not need ordering based on wallclock time, that would require waiting indefinitely.  All we need is the execution of batches (not job submission) to happen in the same order they are generated, which looks like is not enforced, but more a side effect of how job submission happens as of now. Cody's suggestions are useful to our case, though I need to take a closer look how job executions happen within a stream. Loss of parallelism or failure handling are an issue mainly for global ordering. Global ordering is a much harder problem and relevant only for a small set of use cases, in my opinion. Data is almost always partitioned in some way and any specific ordering behavior is typically constrained within a partition in general.

So for us - loss of events is unacceptable, events must be executed in-order within a partition (strictly speaking, 1-1 mapping with kafka partitions) , and our execution logic is idempotent. All of these seem to be possible with 1.3, with some minor tweaks


On Fri, Feb 20, 2015 at 9:24 AM, Jörn Franke <> wrote:

You may think as well if your use case really needs a very strict order, because configuring spark that it supports such a strict order means rendering most of benefits useless (failure handling,  parallelism etc.). Usually, in a distributed setting you can order events, but this also means that you may need to wait for an unlimited time to be sure that you receive all events to order them. This is impractical, so people implements time outs, which may lead to the case that you loose events etc.
The optimal thing would be to partition the data and that there needs to be an order within the partition (across is a different story...).
All in all implementing order in Spark depends on your requirements for ordering and depending on this it can  be easy or very difficult. You may also consider writing your own framework for mesos or yarn to better meet the requirements and keep your spark cluster config clean (what happens if there are spark jobs not requiring an order? They would be slowed down....)
So you need to think about: by which criteria can I order events, do I accept loss of events?, do I need a global order over all events or is it only relevant for subsets (partions), what is the impact of not ordering?, what is the impact of loss of events,...

Le 20 févr. 2015 18:01, "Cody Koeninger" <> a écrit :

There is typically some slack between when a batch finishes executing and when the next batch is scheduled.  You should be able to arrange your batch sizes / cluster resources to ensure that.  If there isn't slack, your overall delay is going to keep increasing indefinitely.

If you're inserting into mysql, you're probably going to be much better off doing bulk inserts anyway, and transaction ordering is going to stop a lot of overlap that might otherwise happen.  In pseudocode:

stream.foreachRdd { rdd =>
  rdd.foreachPartition { iter =>
     bulk = iter.filter(matchEvent).toList
     transaction { insert bulk }

You may already know this, but getting jdbc to do true bulk inserts to mysql requires a bit of hoop jumping, so turn on query logging during development to make sure you aren't getting individual inserts.

Also be aware that output actions aren't guaranteed to happen exactly once, so you'll need to store unique offset ids in mysql or otherwise deal with the possibility of executor failures.

On Fri, Feb 20, 2015 at 10:39 AM, Neelesh <> wrote:
Thanks for the detailed response Cody. Our use case is to  do some external lookups (cached and all) for every event, match the event against the looked up data, decide whether to write an entry in mysql and write it in the order in which the events arrived within a kafka partition. 

We don't need global ordering. Message ordering within a batch can be achieved either by waiting for 1.3 to be released (the behavior you described works very well for us, within a batch) , or by using  updateStateByKey and sorting.   speculative execution is turned off as well (I think its off by default).

But, from what I see from the JobScheduler/JobGenerator is this. Within each stream, jobs are generated every 'n' milliseconds (batch duration), and submitted for execution. Since job generation in a stream is temporal, its guaranteed that the jobs are submitted in the order of event arrival within a stream. And since we have one stream per kafka partition, this translates to sequentially generated batches & sequentially scheduled batches within a kafka partition. But since the execution of jobs itself is in parallel, its probable that back-to-back batches in a stream are submitted one after the other , but are executing concurrently. If this understanding of mine is correct, it breaks our requirement that messages be executed in order within a partition.



On Fri, Feb 20, 2015 at 7:03 AM, Cody Koeninger <> wrote:
For a given batch, for a given partition, the messages will be processed in order by the executor that is running that partition.  That's because messages for the given offset range are pulled by the executor, not pushed from some other receiver.

If you have speculative execution, yes, another executor may be running that partition.

If your job is lagging behind in processing such that the next batch starts executing before the last batch is finished processing, yes it is possible for some other executor to start working on messages from that same kafka partition.

The obvious solution here seems to be turn off speculative execution and adjust your batch interval / sizes such that they can comfortably finish processing :)  

If your processing time is sufficiently non-linear with regard to the number of messages, yes you might be able to do something with overriding dstream.compute.  Unfortunately the new kafka dstream implementation is private, so it's not straightforward to subclass it.  I'd like to get a solution in place for people who need to be able to tune the batch generation policy (I need to as well, for unrelated reasons).  Maybe you can say a little more about your use case.

But regardless of the technology you're using to read from kafka (spark, storm, whatever), kafka only gives you ordering as to a particular partition.  So you're going to need to do some kind of downstream sorting if you really care about a global order.

On Fri, Feb 20, 2015 at 1:43 AM, Neelesh <> wrote:
Even with the new direct streams in 1.3,  isn't it the case that the job scheduling follows the partition order, rather than job execution? Or is it the case that the stream listens to job completion event (using a streamlistener) before scheduling the next batch?  To compare with storm from a message ordering point of view, unless a tuple is fully processed by the DAG (as defined by spout+bolts), the next tuple does not enter the DAG.  

On Thu, Feb 19, 2015 at 9:47 PM, Cody Koeninger <> wrote:
Kafka ordering is guaranteed on a per-partition basis.

The high-level consumer api as used by the spark kafka streams prior to 1.3 will consume from multiple kafka partitions, thus not giving any ordering guarantees.

The experimental direct stream in 1.3 uses the "simple" consumer api, and there is a 1:1 correspondence between spark partitions and kafka partitions.  So you will get deterministic ordering, but only on a per-partition basis.

On Thu, Feb 19, 2015 at 11:31 PM, Neelesh <> wrote:
I had a chance to talk to TD today at the Strata+Hadoop Conf in San Jose. We talked a bit about this after his presentation about this - the short answer is spark streaming does not guarantee any sort of ordering (within batches, across batches).  One would have to use updateStateByKey to collect the events and sort them based on some attribute of the event.  But TD said message ordering is a frequently asked feature recently and is getting on his radar.  

I went through the source code and there does not seem to be any architectural/design limitation to support this.  (JobScheduler, JobGenerator are a good starting point to see how stuff works under the hood).  Overriding DStream#compute and using streaminglistener looks like a simple way of ensuring ordered execution of batches within a stream. But this would be a partial solution, since ordering within a batch needs some more work that I don't understand fully yet.

Side note :  My custom receiver polls the metricsservlet once in a while to decide whether jobs are getting done fast enough and throttle/relax pushing data in to receivers based on the numbers provided by metricsservlet. I had to do this because out-of-the-box rate limiting right now is static and cannot adapt to the state of the cluster


On Wed, Feb 18, 2015 at 4:13 PM, jay vyas <> wrote:
This is a *fantastic* question.  The idea of how we identify individual things in multiple  DStreams is worth looking at.

The reason being, that you can then fine tune your streaming job, based on the RDD identifiers (i.e. are the timestamps from the producer correlating closely to the order in which RDD elements are being produced) ?  If *NO* then you need to (1) dial up throughput on producer sources or else (2) increase cluster size so that spark is capable of evenly handling load. 

You cant decide to do (1) or (2) unless you can track  when the streaming elements are being  converted to RDDs by spark itself.

On Wed, Feb 18, 2015 at 6:54 PM, Neelesh <> wrote:
There does not seem to be a definitive answer on this. Every time I google for message ordering,the only relevant thing that comes up is this  -

With a kafka receiver that pulls data from a single kafka partition of a kafka topic, are individual messages in the microbatch in same the order as kafka partition? Are successive microbatches originating from a kafka partition executed in order?


jay vyas