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From Rishi Shah <>
Subject Re: [pyspark2.4+] A lot of tasks failed, but job eventually completes
Date Mon, 06 Jan 2020 13:35:59 GMT
Thank you Hemant and Enrico. Much appreciated.

your input really got me closer to the issue, I realized every task didn't
get enough memory and hence tasks with large partitions kept failing. I
increased executor memory and at the same time increased number of
partitions as well. This made the job succeed with flying colors. Really
appreciate the help here.

I do have one more question, when do you recommend using RDDs over data
frames? Because at time using windows may get a bit complicated but there's
always some or the other way to use windows on data frames. I always get
confused as to when to fall back on RDD approach? Any use case in your
experience warrant for RDD use, for better performance?


On Mon, Jan 6, 2020 at 4:18 AM Enrico Minack <> wrote:

> Note that repartitioning helps to increase the number of partitions (and
> hence to reduce the size of partitions and required executor memory), but
> subsequent transformations like join will repartition data again with the
> configured number of partitions (spark.sql.shuffle.partitions), virtually
> undoing the repartitioning, e.g.:
> data                    // may have any number of partitions
>   .repartition(1000)    // has 1000 partitions
>   .join(table)          // has spark.sql.shuffle.partitions partitions
> If you use RDDs, you need to configure spark.default.parallelism rather
> than spark.sql.shuffle.partitions.
> Given you have 700GB of data, the default of 200 partitions mean that each
> partition is 3,5 GB (equivalent of input data) in size. Since increasing
> executor memory is limited by the available memory, executor memory does
> not scale for big data. Increasing the number of partitions is the natural
> way of scaling in Spark land.
> Having hundreds of tasks that fail is an indication that you do not suffer
> from skewed data but from large partitions. Skewed data usually has a few
> tasks that keep failing.
> It is easy to check for skewed data in the Spark UI. Open a stage that has
> failing tasks and look at the Summary Metrics, e.g.:
> If the Max number of Shuffle Read Size is way higher than the 75th
> percentile, than this indicates a poor distribution of the data (or more
> precise the partitioning key) of this stage.
> You can also sort the tasks by the "Shuffle Read Size / Records" column
> and see if numbers are evenly distributed (ideally).
> I hope this helped.
> Enrico
> Am 06.01.20 um 06:27 schrieb hemant singh:
> You can try repartitioning the data, if it’s a skewed data then you may
> need to salt the keys for better partitioning.
> Are you using a coalesce or any other fn which brings the data to lesser
> nodes. Window function also incurs shuffling that could be an issue.
> On Mon, 6 Jan 2020 at 9:49 AM, Rishi Shah <>
> wrote:
>> Thanks Hemant, underlying data volume increased from 550GB to 690GB and
>> now the same job doesn't succeed. I tried incrementing executor memory to
>> 20G as well, still fails. I am running this in Databricks and start cluster
>> with 20G assigned to spark.executor.memory property.
>> Also some more information on the job, I have about 4 window functions on
>> this dataset before it gets written out.
>> Any other ideas?
>> Thanks,
>> -Shraddha
>> On Sun, Jan 5, 2020 at 11:06 PM hemant singh <>
>> wrote:
>>> You can try increasing the executor memory, generally this error comes
>>> when there is not enough memory in individual executors.
>>> Job is getting completed may be because when tasks are re-scheduled it
>>> would be going through.
>>> Thanks.
>>> On Mon, 6 Jan 2020 at 5:47 AM, Rishi Shah <>
>>> wrote:
>>>> Hello All,
>>>> One of my jobs, keep getting into this situation where 100s of tasks
>>>> keep failing with below error but job eventually completes.
>>>> org.apache.spark.memory.SparkOutOfMemoryError: Unable to acquire 16384
>>>> bytes of memory
>>>> Could someone advice?
>>>> --
>>>> Regards,
>>>> Rishi Shah
>> --
>> Regards,
>> Rishi Shah


Rishi Shah

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