I don't think this addresses my comment at all. Please try correctly implementing equals and hashCode for your key class first.

On Tue, Dec 29, 2020 at 8:31 PM Shiao-An Yuan <shiao.an.yuan@gmail.com> wrote:
Hi Sean,

Sorry, I didn't describe it clearly. The column "pkey" is like a "Primary Key" and I do "reduce by key" on this column, so the "amount of rows" should always equal to the "cardinality of pkey".
When I said data get duplicated & lost, I mean duplicated "pkey" exists in the output file (after "reduce by key") and some "pkey" missing.
Since it only happens when executors being preempted, I believe this is a bug (nondeterministic shuffle) that SPARK-23207 trying to solve.


Shiao-An Yuan

On Tue, Dec 29, 2020 at 10:53 PM Sean Owen <srowen@gmail.com> wrote:
Total guess here, but your key is a case class. It does define hashCode and equals for you, but, you have an array as one of the members. Array equality is by reference, so, two arrays of the same elements are not equal. You may have to define hashCode and equals manually to make them correct.

On Tue, Dec 29, 2020 at 8:01 AM Shiao-An Yuan <shiao.an.yuan@gmail.com> wrote:
Hi folks,

We recently identified a data correctness issue in our pipeline.

The data processing flow is as follows:
1. read the current snapshot (provide empty if it doesn't exist yet)
2. read unprocessed new data
3. union them and do a `reduceByKey` operation
4. output a new version of the snapshot
5. repeat step 1~4

The simplified version of code:
// schema
case class Log(pkey: Array[Byte], a: String, b: Int, /* 100+ columns */)

// function for reduce
def merge(left: Log, right: Log): Log = {
  Log(pkey = left.pkey
      a    = if (left.a!=null) left.a else right.a,
      b    = if (left.a!=null) left.b else right.b,

// a very large parquet file (>10G, 200 partitions)
val currentSnapshot = spark.read.schema(schema).parquet(...).as[Log]  

// multiple small parquet files
val newAddedLogs = spark.read.schema(schema).parquet(...).as[Log]

val newSnapshot = currentSnapshot.union(newAddedLog)
  .groupByKey(new String(pkey))                  // generate key
  .reduceGroups(_.merge(_))                        // spark.sql.shuffle.partitions=200
  .map(_._2)                                     // drop key

  .repartition(60)                              // (1)

The issue we have is that some data were duplicated or lost, and the amount of
duplicated and loss data are similar.

We also noticed that this situation only happens if some instances got
preempted. Spark will retry the stage, so some of the partitioned files are
generated at the 1st time, and other files are generated at the 2nd(retry) time.
Moreover, those duplicated logs will be duplicated exactly twice and located in
both batches (one in the first batch; and one in the second batch).

The input/output files are parquet on GCS. The Spark version is 2.4.4 with
standalone deployment. Workers running on GCP preemptible instances and they
being preempted very frequently.

The pipeline is running in a single long-running process with multi-threads,
each snapshot represent an "hour" of data, and we do the "read-reduce-write" operations
on multiple snapshots(hours) simultaneously. We pretty sure the same
snapshot(hour) never process parallelly and the output path always
generated with a timestamp, so those jobs shouldn't affect each other.

After changing the line (1) to `coalesce` or `repartition(100, $"pkey")` the issue
was gone, but I believe there is still a correctness bug that hasn't been reported yet.

We have tried to reproduce this bug on a smaller scale but haven't succeeded yet. I
have read SPARK-23207 and SPARK-28699, but couldn't found the bug.
Since this case is DataSet, I believe it is unrelated to SPARK-24243.

Can anyone give me some advice about the following tasks?
Thanks in advance.

Shiao-An Yuan